osdir.com


[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

lxml - SubElement dump root doesn't dump like Element dump does


Sayth Renshaw wrote:

> Afternoon
> 
> Wondering has anyone much experience with lxml specifically objectify?
> 
> When I pick up a file with lxml and use objectify dumping root works as
> expected actually better its quite nice. This is how i do it, file
> handling part left out for brevity.
> 
> def getsMeet(file_list):
>     for filename in sorted(file_list):
>         filename=my_dir + filename
>         yield filename
> 
> def parseXML():
>     """
>     """
>     for file in getsMeet(file_list):
>         with open(file) as f:
>             xml = f.read()
> 
>             root = objectify.fromstring(xml)
>             print(root.tag)
>             print(objectify.dump(root))
>             race = objectify.SubElement(root,"race")
>             print(objectify.dump(race))
> 
> 
> parseXML()
> 
> So the first call to print(objectify.dump(root)) gives as a sample.
> 
> meeting = None [ObjectifiedElement]
>   * id = '42977'
>   * barriertrial = '0'
>   * venue = 'Rosehill Gardens'
>   * date = '2016-05-21T00:00:00'
>   * gearchanges = '-1'
>   * stewardsreport = '-1'
>   * gearlist = '-1'
>   * racebook = '0'
>   * postracestewards = '0'
>   * meetingtype = 'TAB'
>   * rail = 'Timing - Electronic : Rail - +6m'
>   * weather = 'Fine      '
>   * trackcondition = 'Good 3    '
>   * nomsdeadline = '2016-05-16T11:00:00'
>   * weightsdeadline = '2016-05-17T16:00:00'
>   * acceptdeadline = '2016-05-18T09:00:00'
>   * jockeydeadline = '2016-05-18T12:00:00'
>     club = '' [StringElement]
>       * abbrevname = 'Australian Turf Club'
>       * code = '56398'
>       * associationclass = '1'
>       * website = 'http://'
>     race = None [ObjectifiedElement]
>       * id = '215411'
>       * number = '1'
>       * nomnumber = '9'
> 
> Then I am confused when I want to repeat this but only for the subelement
> race I get a return but not as expected.
> 
> This is my return
> race = '' [StringElement]
> 
> so why do i not get all the elements of race as I do when i dump the root?

Because race is a new SubElement that you just created:

>>> help(lxml.objectify.SubElement)
Help on built-in function SubElement in module lxml.etree:

SubElement(...)
    SubElement(_parent, _tag, attrib=None, nsmap=None, **_extra)
    
    Subelement factory.  This function creates an element instance, and
    appends it to an existing element.

>>>

Existing subelements can be accessed as attributes. I'd say that's the very 
point of the lxml.objectify library ;)

For example:

>>> root = 
lxml.objectify.fromstring("<a><b><c>one</c><d>two</d></b><b>second 
b</b></a>")
>>> print(lxml.objectify.dump(root.b))
b = None [ObjectifiedElement]
    c = 'one' [StringElement]
    d = 'two' [StringElement]
>>> print(lxml.objectify.dump(root.b[0]))
b = None [ObjectifiedElement]
    c = 'one' [StringElement]
    d = 'two' [StringElement]
>>> print(lxml.objectify.dump(root.b[1]))
b = 'second b' [StringElement]

> Cheers
> 
> Sayth
> PS I am referring to this documentation
> http://lxml.de/objectify.html#element-access-through-object-attributes

Read that again.