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List replication operator


On 2018-05-24 20:12, Ned Batchelder wrote:
> On 5/24/18 2:17 PM, Steven D'Aprano wrote:
>> Python has a sequence replication operator:
>>
>> py> [1, 2]*3
>> [1, 2, 1, 2, 1, 2]
>>
>>
>> Unfortunately, it is prone to a common "gotcha":
>>
>> py> x = [[]]*5  # make a multi-dimensional list
>> py> x
>> [[], [], [], [], []]
>> py> x[0].append(1)
>> py> x
>> [[1], [1], [1], [1], [1]]
>>
>>
>> The reason for this behaviour is that * does not copy the original list's
>> items, it simply replicates the references to the items. So we end up
>> with a new list containing five references to the same inner list.
>>
>>
>> This is not a bug and changing the behaviour is not an option.
>>
>> But what do people think about proposing a new list replication with copy
>> operator?
>>
>>      [[]]**5
>>
>> would return a new list consisting of five shallow copies of the inner
>> list.
>>
Why "**"? Why not "@"?

[[]] @ 5

> "shallow" will be the next problem.? Do we also need this?:
> 
>   ??? [[[]]]***5???????????? # j/k
> 
I suppose the choice should be limited to 2 options: shallow copy and 
deep copy.