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THE WORLD ORDER
A Study in the
Hegemony of Parasitism



by



Eustace Mullins


Published by :
Ezra Pound Institute of Civilization
P.O. Box 1105
Staunton, VA 24401

Books by Eustace Mullins
MULLINS ON THE FEDERAL RESERVE
SECRETS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE
THE FEDERAL RESERVE CONSPIRACY
DER BANKIER VERSCHWORUNG DER JEKYLL ISLAND
THIS DIFFICULT INDIVIDUAL EZRA POUND


First Edition
Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 84-082357
Copyright 1985
Eustace Mullins


dedicated to the memory of Haroldson Lafayette Hunt



Acknowledgements
I wish to thank the staffs of the following institutions for their unfailing courtesy, cooperation and assistance in the preparation of this work :
THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, WASHINGTON, D.C.
NEWBERRY LIBRARY, CHICAGO, ILL.
NEW YORK CITY PUBLIC LIBRARY, NEW YORK
ALDERMAN LIBRARY, UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA
MCCORMICK LIBRARY, WASHINGTON & LEE UNIVERSITY



Foreword

When he was proffered the cup of hemlock by his fellow-citizens, Socretes’ last words were, “Crito, I owe a cock to Asclepius;  will you remember to pay the debt ?”  A gentleman is responsible for his obligations, and this book is the repayment of the efforts of three great men who chose me as their protege – Ezra Pound, the dominant literary figure of our time;  George Stimpson, the most respected journalist in Washington (the title has been vacant since his death);  and H.L. Hunt, whose spectacular business success blinded the public to his brilliant philosophical achievements.  It was H.L. Hunt who invented the term “The Mistaken” for the self-corrupted members of the new class who now control our world – he might have added that they could also be described as “The Misshapen”, because of their warped and perverted sense of values.

The present work is also an _expression_ of another Greek attitude – gratitude for life.  Michael Lekakis introduced this astounding Greek attribute to me some thirty years ago.  I describe it as “astounding”, because no one today thinks of being grateful for life.  Who can conceive of “gratitude for life” in an existence of eternal and worldwide slavery imposed upon humanity by the minions of the World Order ?

In “The Greek Way”, Edith Hamilton says, “Tragedy was a Greek creation because in Greece thought was free.”  We do not have tragedy today because of the thought control imposed by the World Order.  Instead, we have “Newspeak” and “doublethink” in the world of 1989.  I was privileged to sit in on a number conversations between Edith Hamilton and Ezra Pound, in which the conversation was uninhibited and far-reaching – freedom of thought in a federal institution in which one of the talkers was held as a political prisoner !  Pound describes these talks in “The Cantos”,

    “And they want to know what we talked about ?
    'de litteris et de armis, praestantibusque ingeniis.”

Nietzsche also discoursed on “tragic pleasure”, which no longer exists, because the World Order, in its anxiety to maintain control of every aspect of our lives, has banned passion.  As a poor substitute, it gives us drugs and degeneracy.

There are many facts in this book which you, the reader, will not wish to accept.  I ask you to accept nothing, but to make your own investigations.  You may find even more astonishing true facts than I have managed to glean in thirty-five years of intensive and in-depth research.

Finally, we have Edith Hamilton’s rendering of Socrates’ most notable admonition, “Agree with me if I seem to you to speak the truth;  or, if not, withstand me might and main that I may not deceive you as well as myself in my desire, and like the bee leave my sting in you before I die.  And now let us proceed.”

Eustace Mullins,
November 1, 1984



CHAPTER ONE
The Rothschilds


In its issue of Dec. 19, 1983, Forbes Magazine noted that “Half of Germany’s top ten banks are Frankfurt based.”  The modern world’s financial system, an updating of the Babylonian monetary system of taxes and money creation, was perfected in Frankfurt-on-Main, in the province of Hesse.  Mayer Amschel Bauer (later Rothschild) discovered that although loans to farmers and small businesses could be profitable, the real profits lay in making loans to governments.  Born in Frankfurt in 1743, Mayer Amschel married Gutta Schnapper.  He served a three year apprenticeship in Hanover at the Bank of Oppenheim.  During this period, he had occasion to be of service to Lt. Gen. Baron von Estorff.  Von Estorff was the principal adviser to Landgrave Frederick II of Hesse, the wealthiest man in Europe.  Frederick was worth from 70 to 100 million florins, much of it inherited from his father, Wilhelm the Eighth, brother of the King of Sweden.  Baron von Estorff advised the Landgrave that Mayer Amschel showed an uncanny ability to increase money through his investments.  The Landgrave immediately sent for him.

At this time, King George III was trying to put down the American Rebellion.  His troops were being outfought by the hardy Americans, who were accustomed to wilderness battles.  Mayer Amschel arranged for King George to hire 16,800 sturdy young Hessian soldiers from the Landgrave, a considerable addition to the Hesse’s fortune.  This advantageous relationship came to a halt with the sudden death in 1785 of the Landgrave, who was only twenty-five years old.  However, Mayer Amschel attained absolute influence over his successor, Elector Wilhelm I, who, like Mayer Amschel, had also been born in 1743.  It was said that they were like two shoes, so well did they go together.  It was a pleasant change from Mayer Amschel’s relationship with the former Landgrave, who had been a very difficult and demanding person.  In fact, the Landgrave’s sudden death had luckily placed Mayer Amschel in charge of the largest fortune in Europe.

As he prospered, Mayer Amschel placed a large red shield over his door of the house in the Judengasse, which he shared with the Schiff family.  He took the name “Rothschild” from his sign.  In 1812, when he died, he left one billion franks to his five sons.  The eldest, Anselm, was placed in charge of the Frankfort bank.  He had no children, and the bank was later closed.  The second son, Salomon, was sent to Vienna, where he soon took over the banking monopoly formerly shared among five Jewish families, Arnstein, Eskeles, Geymüller, Stein and Sina.  The third son, Nathan, founded the London branch, after he had profited in some Manchester dealings in textiles and dyestuffs which caused him to be widely feared and hated.  Karl, the fourth son, went to Naples, where he became head of the occult group, the Alta Vendita.  The youngest son, James, founded the French branch of the House of Rothschild in Paris.

Thus strategically located, the five sons began their lucrative operations in government finance.  Today, their holdings are concentrated in the Five Arrows Fund of Curacao, and the Five Arrows Corp. Toronto, Canada.  The name is taken from the Rothschild sign of an eagle with five arrows clutched in its talons, signifying the five sons.

The first precept of success in making government loans lies in “creating a demand”, that is, by taking part in the creation of financial panics, depressions, famines, wars and revolutions.  The overwhelming success of the Rothschilds lay in their willingness to do what had to be done.  As Frederic Morton writes in the Preface to “The Rothschilds”, “For the last one hundred and fifty years, the history of the House of Rothschild has been to an amazing degree the backstage history of Western Europe.... Because of their success in making loans not to individuals but to nations, they reaped huge profits.... Someone once said that the wealth of Rothschild consists of the bankruptcy of nations.”

In “The Empire of the City”, E.C. Knuth says, “The fact that the House of Rothschild made its money in the great crashes of history and the great wars of history, the very periods when others lost their money, is beyond question.”

On July 8, 1937, the New York Times noted that Prof. Wilhelm, a German historian, had said, “The Rothschilds introduced the rule of money into European politics.  The Rothschilds were the servants of money who undertook the reconstruct the world as an image of money and its functions.  Money and the employment of wealth have become the law of European life;  we no longer have nations, but economic provinces.”

On June 4, 1879, the New York Times noted, “Baron Lionel N. de Rothschild, head of the world famous banking house of Messrs. Rothschild & Co. died at the age of 71.  He was son of the late Baron N.M. Rothschild who founded the house in London in 1808 and died in 1836.  His father came to the conclusion that in order to perpetuate the fame and power of the Rothschilds, which had already become worldwide, it was necessary that the family be kept together, and devoted to the common cause.  In order to do this, he proposed that they should intermarry, and form no marital unions outside the family.  A council of the heads of the houses was called at Frankfurt in 1826, end the views of Baron Nathan were approved.”

In “The Rothschilds: the Financial Rulers of Nations,” John Reeves writes, “The first occasion in which Nathan assisted the English government was in 1819, when he undertook the loan of $60 million;  from 1818-1832 Nathan issued eight other loans totalling $105,400,000;  he subsequently issued eighteen Government loans totalling $700 million.  To the Rothschilds, nothing could have occurred more propitiously than the outbreak of the American revolt and the French Revolution, as the two enabled them to lay the foundation of the immense wealth they have since acquired.  The House of Rothschild was (and is) the ruling power in Europe, for all the political powers were willing to acknowledge the sway of the great financial Despot, and, like obedient vassals, pay their tribute without murmur.... Its influence was so all-powerful that it was a saying, no war could be undertaken without the assistance of the Rothschilds.  They rose to a position of such power in the political and commercial world that they became the Dictators of Europe.  To the public the archives of the family, which could throw so much light upon history, are a profound secret, a sealed book kept well hidden.”

On July 27, 1844, Mazzini said, “Rothschild could be King of France if he so desired.”  The Jewish Encydopedia noted (1909 edition), “In the year 1848 the Paris house (of Rothschild) was reckoned to be worth 600,000,000 francs as against 352,000,000 francs held by all the other Paris bankers.”

Prof. Werner Sombart wrote, “The principal loan floaters of the world, the Rothschilds, were later the first railway kings.  The period of 1820 onwards became the 'Age of the Rothschilds’ so that at the middle of the century it was a common dictum :  There is only one power in Europe and that is Rothschild.”  (Jews and Modern Capitalism).

Hearst’s Chicago Evening American commented, Dec. 3, 1923, “The Rothschilds can start or prevent wars.  Their word could make or break empires.”

Reeves notes, “The fall of Napoleon was the rise of Rothschild.”  Napoleon was later slowly poisoned to death with arsenic by a Rothschild agent.  They had no need of another “return from exile”.

The New York Evening Post noted July 22, 1924, “The Kaiser had to consult Rothschild to find out whether he could declare war.  Another Rothschild carried out the whole burden of the contlict which overthrew Napoleon.”

The Kaiser’s Chancellor, Bethmann-Hollweg, who actually precipitated World War I, was a member of the Frankfort banking family, Bethmann, and a cousin of the Rothschilds.

After the fall of Napoleon, Salomon persuaded the ruler of Austria to issue patents of nobility to the five brothers.  The Congress of Vienna was the emergence of the moth from its cocoon.  The diktat of this Congress was a simple one – the aristocracies of Europe must submit to our will, or they are doomed.  The death sentence upon the noble lines of Europe was pronounced by those who had the will to carry out their edict.  It took another century to perfect the work, not because the killers were weak, but because they wished to proceed cautiously, without revealing their full strength.  In combat, the decisive weapon is the one your opponent does not know about.

It was not necessary to pronounce a death sentence upon the ruling families of America, because there were none.  During the 19th century, a few descendants of colonial entrepreneurs had amassed wealth, and could afford a life of leisure and travel.  They remained slavishly dependent upon Continental arbiters in every matter requiring personal taste and judgment.  Because they had no guiding philosophy, and no program, this American “upper class” never made it to the top of the stairs.  They remained “below stairs” as servants of the London princes of the World Order.  Their self-abasement not only manifested itself in an unusually high rate of suicide, but also in the slower forms of self-destruction, alcoholism, drug addiction, and homosexuality.  Homosexuality is not so much a type of sexual drive as it is the _expression_ of deeper needs, the desire for self-degradation, or the seeking of a partner whom one can humiliate and degrade.  It could hardly be unexpected that such a “ruling class” would eagerly hail the twentieth century crusade to enthrone Communism as the vehicle of the World Order.

In their quest for wealth, the Rothschilds did not overlook either the small farmer or the stockpiling and wholesaling of grain.  They developed a “farm loan” system which has been the curse of the farmers for more than a century.  R.F. Pettigrew noted in the British Guardian, “This system of banking (causing the ultimate ruin of all those who cultivate the soil) was the invention of Lord Overstone, with the assistance of the Rothschilds, bankers of Europe.”

One of their greatest triumphs was the successful outcome of the Rothschilds’ protracted war against the Russian Imperial Family.  The family name of the Romanovs was derived from Roma Nova, New Rome.  It embodied the ancient prophecy that Moscow was to become “the New Rome.”  The family originated with Prince Prus, brother of Emperor August of Rome, who founded Prussia.  In 1614, Michael became the first Romanov Czar.

After the fall of Napoleon, the Rothschilds turned all their hatred against the Romanovs.  In 1825, they poisoned Alexander I;  in 1855, they poisoned Nicholas I.  Other assassinations followed, culminating on the night of Nov. 6, 1917, when a dozen Red Guards drove a truck up to the Imperial Bank Building in Moscow.  They loaded the Imperial jewel collection and $700 million gold, loot totalling more than a billion dollars.  The new regime also confiscated the 150 million acres in Russia personally owned by the Czar.

Of equal importance were the enormous cash reserves which the Czar had invested abroad in European and American banks.  The New York Times stated that the Czar had $5 million in Guaranty Trust, and $1 million in the National City Bank;  other authorities stated it was $5 million in each bank.  Between 1905 and 1910 the Czar had sent more than $900 million to be deposited in six leading New York banks, Chase, National City, Guaranty Trust, J.P. Morgan, Hanover, and Manufacturers Trust.  These were the principal banks controlled by the House of Rothschild through their American agents, J.P. Morgan, and Kuhn, Loeb Co.  These were also the six New York banks which bought the controlling stock in the Federal Reserve Bank of New York in 1914.  They have held control of the stock ever since.

The Czar also had $115 million in four English banks.  He had $35 million in the Bank of England, $25 million in Barings, $25 million in Barclays, and $30 million in Lloyd’s Bank.  In Paris, the Czar had $100 million in Banque de France, and $80 million in the Rothschild Bank of Paris.  In Berlin, he had $132 million in the Mendelsohn Bank, which had long been bankers to Russia.  None of these sums has ever been disbursed;  at compound interest since 1916, they amount to more than $50 billion.  Two claimants later appeared, a son, Alexis, and a daughter, Anastasia.  Despite a great deal of proof substantiating their claims, Peter Kurth notes in “Anastasia” that “Lord Mountbatten put up the money for court battles against Anastasia.  Although he was Empress Alexandra’s nephew, he was the guiding force behind Anastasia’s opposition.”  The Battenbergs, or Mountbattens, were also related to the Rothschild family.  They did not wish to see the Czar’s fortune reclaimed and removed from the Rothschild banks.

Kurth also notes “In a 1959 series on the history of the great British banks, for example, the Observer of London remarked of Baring Brothers, 'The Romanovs were among their most distinguished clients.  It is affirmed that Barings still holds a deposit of more than forty million pounds that was left them by the Romanovs.  Anthony Sampson editor in chief, said no protests were made.  This story is generally considered to be true.”

In the early 19th century, the Rothschilds began to consolidate their profits from government loans into various business ventures, which have done very well.  Fortuitous trading on the London Stock Exchange after Waterloo gave Nathaniel Mayer Rothschild a sizeable portion of the Consols which formed the bulk of the deposits of the Bank of England.  Joseph Wechsberg notes in “The Merchant Bankers”, “There is the Sun Alliance life insurance company, most aristocratic of all insurance companies, founded by Nathan Rothschild in 1824;  Brinco, the British Newfoundland corp., founded by the British and French Rothschilds in 1952;  the Anglo-American corp.;  Bowater, Rio Tinto and others.”

Not only does the bank rate of the Bank of England affect the interest rates in other nations;  the price of gold also plays a crucial role in the monetary affairs of nations, even if they are no longer on the gold standard.  The dominant role played by the House of Rothschild in the Bank of England is augmented by another peculiar duty of the firm, the daily fixing of the world price of gold.  The News Chronicle of Dec. 12, 1938, describes this ritual :  “The story of the gold-fixing has often been told.  How every weekday at 11 a.m. the representatives of five firms of bullion brokers and one firm of refiners meet at the office of Messrs. Rothschild (except on Saturday) and there fix the sterling price of gold.  There is, however, a great deal of activity which lies behind his final act – this centralization of the demand for, and the supply of gold in one office and the fixing of the price of gold on that basis.  A price of gold is first suggested, probably by the representative of Messrs.  Rothschild, who also acts for the Bank of England and the Exchange Equalization Account.”

The banking houses privileged to meet with the Rothschilds to set the world price of gold are known as “the Club of Five”.  In 1958, they were :  N.M. Rothschild, Samuel Montagu, Mocatta and Goldsmid, Sharps Pixley, and Johnson, Matthey.

In 1961, the London Accepting Houses operating by approval of the Governor of the Bank of England were :  Barings;  Brown, Shipley;  Arbuthnot Latham;  Wm. Brandt’s & Sons;  Erlangers;  Antony Gibbs & Co.;  Guinness Mahon Hawkins;  S. Japhet;  Kleinwort & Sons;  Lazard Bros.;  Samuel Montagu;  Morgan Grenfell;  N.M. Rothschild;  M. Samuel;  J. Henry Schroder;  and S.G. Warburg.  These chosen firms rule the financial establishment in “the City” of London.

In 1961, the leading business groups in England were listed by Wm. M. Clarke as :  1. Morgan Grenfell Ltd.  (Lord Bicester) the Peabody J.P. Morgan firm;  2. Jardine Mathieson;  3. Rothschild-Samuel-Oppenheimer, comprising Rio Tinto, British South Africa Co., Shell Peteroleum, Brinco (British Newfoundland Corp.);  4. Lazard Brothers-Shell, English Electric, Canadian Eagle Oil;  5. Lloyd’s Bank;  6. Barclay’s Bank;  7. Peninsular & Orient Lines;  8. Cunard;  9. Midland Group – Eagle Star – Higginson (Cavendish-Bentinck);  10. Prudential;  11. Imperial Chemical Industries;  12. Bowater;  13. Courtauld’s;  14. Unilever.

Although this list shows the Rothschild group as only one of fourteen, in fact they hold large positions or influence in the other groups of this list.

In 1982, the principal directorships held by the London Rothschilds were :  Lord Rothschild – N.M. Rothschild & Sons, Arcan N.V. Curacao, chmn. Rothschild’s Continuation, and Rothschild Inc. USA.  Edmund Leopold de Rothschild – N.M. Rothschild & Sons, Alfred Dunhill Ltd., Rothschild Continuation, Rothschild Trust, Rothman’s International, chmn Tokyo Pacific Holdings NV;  Baron Eric Rothschild – N.M. Rothschild & Sons;  Evelyn de Rothschild – chmb N.M. Rothschild & Sons, DeBeers Consolidated Mines Ltd. South Africa, Eagle Star Insurance Co., chmn The Economist Newspaper Ltd., IBM UK Ltd., La Banque Privee S.A., Manufacturers Hanover Ltd., Rothschild Continuation Ltd., chmn United Race Courses Ltd;  Leopold de Rothschild – N.M. Rothschild & Sons, Alliance Assurance Co., Bank of England, The London Assurance, Rothschild Continuation Ltd;  Rothschild Continuation Holdings AG Switzerland, Sun Alliance and London Assurance Co., Sun Insurance Office Ltd.

The British firms comprising the major basis of the Rothschild fortune are :  Sun Alliance Assurance, Eagle Star, DeBeers, and Rio Tinto.  Eagle Star’s directors include Duncan Mackinnon, of Hambro Investment Trust;  Earl Cadogan, whose mother was a Hambro;  Sir Robert Clark, chmn. Hill Samuel Co.;  Marquess Linlithgow (Charles Hope) whose mother was a Milner – he married Judith Baring;  Evelyn de Rothschild;  and Sir Ian Stewart of Brown Shipley Co., who has been parliamentary private secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer since 1979.

DeBeers directors include Harry F. Oppenheimer, Sir Philip Oppenheimer, A.E. Oppenheimer, N.F. Oppenheimer, Baron Evelyn de Rothschild, and Sidney Spiro.  Spiro is also a director of Rio Tinto, Hambros Bank, Barclays Bank, and Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce.  DeBeers interlocks with Anglo-American Corp. of South Africa, of which Harry F. Oppenheimer is chairman, and Anglo-American Gold Investment Co. of which Julian Ogilvie Thompson is chairman, and Harry F. Oppenheimer director.

DeBeers interlocks with Hambros Bank, whose chmn. is Jocelyn Hambro;  directors are R.N. Hambro, C.E. Hambro, Hon. H.W. Astor, Sir Ian Morrow, chmn. UKO Int. and The Laird Group, International Harvester, Rolls Royce, and the Brush Group;  J.M. Clay, director of the Bank of England;  Mark Weinberg, and Sidney Spiro.

Rio Tinto’s chmn. is Sir Anthony Tuke;  he is also chmn. Barclay’s Bank, and member Trilateral Commission.  Directors are Lord Shackleton, Lord Privy Seal, chmn. RTZ Dev. Corp.;  Lord Charteris of Amisfield, grandson of Earl of Wemys, married to daughter of Viscount Margesson, private secretary to Queen Elizabeth, director of Claridge’s Hotel, and Connaught Hotel;  Sir David Orr, chmn. Unilever;  and Sidney Spiro, Hambros Bank.

The principal Rothschild firm is Sun Alliance Assurance, which Nathan Mayer Rothschild founded in 1824, with Sir Alex Baring, Samuel Gurney, and Sir Moses Montefiore, with an initial capital of five million pounds.  Chmn. of Sun Alliance is Lord Aldington (Toby Low) who is also chmn. Westland Aircraft, director of Citibank, Citicorp, and Ge Ltd;  Lord Aberconway, dep. chmn.;  H.V.A. Lambert, chmn. Barclay’s Bank;  Earl of Crawford (Robert A. Lindsay, whose mother was a Cavendish – he is also chmn. National Westminister Bank, former private secretary to the Secretary of Treasury.  Minister of State for Defense, Minister of State for Foreign and Commercial Affairs;  Lord Astor, whose mother was the daughter of Earl of Minto – he is the former chairman of The Times;  Sir Charles Ball, of Kleinwort Benson, also director of Chubb & Sons., Barclay’s Bank, Cadbury Schweppe;  Sir Alan Dalton, director Natl. Westminster Bank;  Duke of Devonshire (his mother was a Cecil, one of England’s three ruling families since the Middle Ages;  Sir Derek Holden-Brown, chmn. Allied Breweries, director Hiram Walker;  J.N.C. James, trustee Grosvenor Estates, which owns large sections of London;  Henry Keswick, chmn. Matheson & Co.;  Lord Kindersley, exec. director of Lazard Bros., director of Marconi, English Electric, British Match, Swedish Match;  Sir Peter Matthews, chmn. Vickers;  J.M. Ricchie, chmn. British Enkalon, director of Vickers, Bowater Ltd.;  Evelyn de Rothschild, chmn. N.M. Rothschild & Sons.

The Rothschilds have had a large position in Vickers for many years.  Chmn. is Sir Peter Matthews, also director Lloyd’s Bank and Sun Alliance;  directors are T. Neville;  Baron Braybrooke;  Earl of Warwick (the Salisburys, one of three ruling families in England);  Sir Alastair Frame, chief exec. Rio Tinto Zinc, director of Plessey & Co. UK, and the Atomic Energy Authority.  Chmn. of Vickers in 1956 was Edward Knollys, son of the private secretary to King Edward VII forty years, & George V 5 years.

For more than a century, a widespread belief has been deliberately fostered in the United States that the Rothschilds were of little significance in the American financial scene.  With this cover, they have been able to manipulate political and financial developments in this country to their own advantage.  In 1837, the Rothschilds let their American representative, W.L. & M.S. Joseph, go bankrupt in the Crash, while they threw their cash reserves behind a newcomer, August Belmont, and their secret representative, George Peabody of London.  Bermingham notes in “Our Crowd”, “In the Panic of 1837, Belmont was able to perform a service which he would repeat in subsequent panics, thanks to the hugeness of the Rothschild reservoir of capital, to start out in America operating his own Federal Reserve System.”

After 1837, August Belmont (Schönberg) was publicly advertised in the financial press as the American representative of the Rothschilds.  When Belmont participated in a financial operation, everyone knew that the Rothschilds were involved.  When Belmont took no part, and the transaction was handled by J.P. Morgan & Co., and or by Kuhn, Loeb Co., everyone “knew” that the Rothschilds were not involved.

George Peabody had established his business in England through his connection with Brown Bros. (now Brown Bros. Harriman and Brown, Shipley).  He had become an unidentified agent for Lord Rothschild as early as 1835.  Although there is no statue of George Peabody in the Wall Street area, there is one in London, just opposite the Bank of England.  George Peabody became “the favorite American” of Queen Victoria.  His old lunchbox occupies a prominent place in the London office of Morgan Stanley to this day.  By 1861, George Peabody had become the largest trader of American securities in the world.  To put pressure on the Lincoln government, he began unloading them and driving prices down.  At the same time, J.P. Morgan, allied with Morris Ketchum, was depleting the American gold supply by shipping it to England.  He ran the price from $126 ounce to $171 ounce, reaping a good profit, and putting more financial pressure on the Lincoln government.  This was one of many financial operations directed by the Rothschilds for their own political and financial goals.  As George Peabody had no son to take over his firm, he took on Junius Morgan as partner;  Junius’ son John Pierpont Morgan, became known as “the most powerful banker in the world”, although his principal role was to secretly carry out commissions for the House of Rothschild.

The New York Times, Oct. 26, 1907, noted in connection with J.P. Morgan’s actions during the Panic of 1907, “In conversation with the New York Times correspondent, Lord Rothschild paid a high tribute to J.P. Morgan for his efforts in the present financial juncture in New York.  ‘He is worthy of his reputation as a great financier and a man of wonders.  His latest action fills one with admiration and respect for him.’ ”

This is the only recorded instance when a Rothschild praised any banker outside of his own family.

On March 28, 1932, the New York Times noted, “London :  N.M. Victor Rothschild, twenty-one-year-old nephew of Baron Rothschild, is going to the United States soon to take a post with J.P. Morgan & Co., it was learned tonight.  It is usual for progressive British bankers to send their young men to western states temporarily, one of the most notable believers in the practice being the Anglo-American banking house of J. Henry Schroder & Co.”

The Morgan-Rothschild connection explains the otherwise incomprehensible mystery of why J.P. Morgan, famed as “the most powerful banker in the world”, left such a modest fortune at his death in 1913, a mere $11 million after his debts were secured.  Although the present members of the Morgan family seem financially secure, none of them is counted among the “big rich”.

In “Brandeis, A Free Man’s Life”, Arpheus T. Mason notes, “Young Adolph Brandeis (Justice Brandeis’ father) arrived in New York, travelled for awhile in the East and then went on to the Midwest.  Young Brandeis’ pleasure and facility in travel were greatly enhanced by the companionship of a young friend of the Wehles then on a business trip to the United States to secure information about American investments for the House of Rothschild.  Thanks to his companion’s contacts and letters of introduction, Adolph saw places and met people not accessible to most foreigners.”

Bermingham notes in “Our Crowd”, “In the autumn of 1874, Baron Rothschild summoned Isaac Seligman to his office – some $55 million of U.S. Bonds were to be offered by three houses, the House of Seligman, the House of Morgan, and the House of Rothschild.”  This was the first time that the Seligmans had been asked to participate in an issue with the Rothschilds.  They were more than grateful, and thus another ally of the Rothschilds began to operate in America.

A notable advantage of J.P. Morgan’s work for the House of Rothschild was the carefully cultivated belief that Morgan, if not openly “anti-Semitic”, avoided participating in operations with Jewish banking firms, and that his firm would not hire anyone of Jewish background.  It was the same deception which Nathan Mayer Rothschild had hired Morgan’s predecessor, George Peabody, to perform in London.  It was a traditional belief on Wall Street that if you wished to deal with a “gentiles only” firm, you went to J.P. Morgan;  if you wanted a Jewish firm, there were a number of houses available, but the most influential, by far, was Kuhn, Loeb Co.  In either case, the customer was never made aware that he was dealing with an American representative of the House of Rothschild.

Jacob Schiff, who brought the Kuhn, Loeb firm to its preeminent role in American finance, was born in the Rothschild house at 148 Judengasse, Frankfort, which the Rothschilds shared with the Schiff family.  In 1867, Abraham Kuhn and Solomon Loeb, two Cincinnati dry goods merchants, founded the banking house of Kuhn, Loeb.  In 1875, Jacob Schiff arrived from Frankfurt to join the firm.  He married Therese, Solomon’s daughter.  He also brought a large amount of Rothschild capital into the firm, enabling it to expand tenfold.  In 1885, Loeb retired;  Jacob Schiff ran the firm from 1885 to 1920, when he died.

At no time has the House of Rothschild ever indicated publicly that it had any interest in the firm of Kuhn, Loeb Co. George R. Conroy stated in TRUTH magazine, Boston, Dec. 16, 1912, “Mr. Schiff is head of the great private banking house of Kuhn, Loeb & Co., which represents the Rothschild interests on this side of the Atlantic.  He has been described as a financial strategist and has been for years the financial minister of the great impersonal power known as Standard Oil.  He was hand-in-glove with the Harrimans, the Goulds and the Rockefellers in all their railroad enterprises and has become the dominant power in the railroad and financial world of America.”

This is one more revelation of the hidden power of the Rothschild interests in America.  Not only has it directed the Rockefeller enterprises from the time that National City Bank of Cleveland, a Rothschild bank, financed the early expansion of Rockefeller, South Improvement Co., which enabled him to crush his competitors through illegal railway rebates, but it has also been the power behind the scenes of the Harriman fortunes (now Brown Brothers Harriman).  It explains the frequent appointments (never elections) of W. Averill Harriman, the dominant power in the Democratic Party, while his partner’s son, George Bush, is the Republican vice-president, a heartbeat away from the Presidency of the United States.  It explains the secret writing of the Federal Reserve Act by Paul Warburg of Kuhn, Loeb & Co., and the even more secret deals which caused it to be enacted into law by Congress.  It explains how the United States could fight World War I with Paul Warburg in charge of its banking system through the vice chairmanship of the Federal Reserve Board;  Bernard Baruch as dictator of American industry as Chairman of the War Industries Board;  and Eugene Meyer financing the war through his position as chairman of the War Finance Corporation (printing government bonds in duplicate);  Kuhn, Loeb partner Sir William Wiseman with Col. House correlated British and American intelligence operations;  Kuhn, Loeb partner Lewis L. Strauss was acting head of the U.S. Food Administration under Herbert Hoover.  Meanwhile, Paul’s brother, Max Warburg, headed the German espionage system;  another brother was German commercial attache in Stockholm, traditional listening post for warring nations, and Jacob Schiff had two brothers in Germany who were financing the German war effort.  It was a classic case of a “managed conflict”, with the Rothschilds manipulating both sides from behind the scenes.  At the Versailles Peace Conference, Bernard Baruch was head of the Reparations Commission;  Max Warburg, on behalf of Germany, accepted the reparations terms, while Paul Warburg, Thomas Lamont and other Wall Street bankers advised Wilson and the Dulles brothers on how “American” interests should be handled at this all-important diplomatic conference.

The Rothschilds had decided upon the formula of a “managed conflict” for the First World War because of the difficulty they had encountered in defeating the Boers from 1899 to 1901.  After illegally annexing the Transvaal in 1881, the British had been turned back with a resounding defeat at Majuba by Paul Kruger.  In 1889, because of the discovery of vast wealth in gold and diamonds in South Africa, the Rothschilds came back to loot the nation with 400,000 British soldiers pitted against 30,000 “irregulars”, that is, farmers with rifles, whom the Boers could put into the field.  The Boer War was started by Rothschild’s agent, Lord Alfred Milner, against the wishes of a majority of the British people.  His plans were aided by another Rothschild agent, Cecil Rhodes, who later left his entire fortune to the furtherance of the Rothschild program, through the Rhodes Trust, a by no means infrequent denouement among Rothschild agents, and the basis of the entire “foundation” empire today.

The British fought a “no prisoners”, scorched earth war, destroying farms, and mercilessly shooting down Boers who tried to surrender.  It was in this war that the institution of “concentration camps” was brought to the world, as the British rounded up and imprisoned in unsanitary, fever-ridden camps anyone thought to be sympathetic to the Boers, including many women and children, who died by the thousands.  This genocidal policy would next be used by the Rothschild-financed Bolsheviks in Russia, who adopted the Boer War concept to murder 66 million Russians between 1917 and 1967.  There was never any popular reaction to either of these atrocities, because of the control of media which makes discussion of these calamities a taboo subject.

The career of Lord Alfred Milner (1854-1925) began when he was a protégé of Sir Evelyn Baring, the first Earl of Cromer, partner of Baring Bros., bankers, who had been appointed Director General of Accounts in Egypt.  Baring was then the financial advisor of the Khedive of Egypt.  Since 1864, Milner had been active in the Colonial Society, founded in London in that year.  In 1868, it was renamed the Royal Colonial Institute, and was heavily financed by Barclays Bank, and by the Barings, Sassoons and Jardine Mathieson, all of whom were active in founding the Hong Kong Shanghai Bank, and who were heavily interested in the Asiatic drug traffic.  The staff economist of the Royal Colonial Society was Alfred Marshall, founder of the monetarist theory which Milton Friedman now peddles under the aegis of the Hoover Institution and other supposedly “rightwing” think-tanks.  Marshall, through the Oxford Group, became the patron of Wesley Clair Mitchell, who then taught Burns and Friedman.

In 1884, Milner augmented the work of the Royal Colonial Society with an inner group, the Imperial Federation League;  both groups now function as the Royal Empire Society.  Vladimir Halperin, in “Lord Milner and the Empire”, writes, “It was through Milner and some of his friends that the Round Table Group came into being.  The Round Table, it should be said, is an authority to this day on all Commonwealth interests.”  He states that Milner raised a considerable sum for the work of the Round Table, including 30,000 pounds from Lord Astor, 10,000 pounds from Lord Rothschild, 10,000 pounds from the Duke of Bedford, and 10,000 pounds from Lord Iveagh.  Milner launched a magazine called the Empire Review, later called the Round Table quarterly.

Halperin also notes another contribution of Milner, “He played an important part in the drafting of the famous Balfour Declaration in December of 1917.  It is a fact, that, with Balfour, he was its co-author.  As far back, as 1915, Milner had realized the need for a Jewish National Home, and had never ceased to be warmly in favor of its creation.  Milner, like Lloyd George, Amery, and many others, saw that the Jewish National Home could also contribute to the security of the Empire in the Near East.”

The Milner Round Table later became the Royal Institute of International Affairs-Council on Foreign Relations combine which exercises unopposed control for the World Order over foreign and monetary policy in both the United States and Great Britain.  Milner trained a group of ambitious young men who became known as his “Kindergarten”.  It included John Buchan, future Gov. Gen. of Canada, Geoffrey Dawson, later editor of the Times, and prominent supporter of “appeasement” with the “Cliveden Set” (led by Lord Astor, who owned the Times);  Philip Kerr, 11th Marquess, Lord Lothian, the youngest member of the Kindergarten;  he served as private secretary to Lloyd George from 1916-20, and was given credit as largely responsible for the German provisions of the Treaty of Versailles.  His Who’s Who goes on to say that he played an important part in dealing with India, all dominions, and the United States.  He was Ambassador to the United States 1935-40, and was a close friend of Waldorf and Lady Astor;  George Jeachim Goschen, a Liberal who was hailed as the greatest Chancellor of the Exchequer, head of the Cunliffe Goschen banking house with Lord Cunliffe, Governor of the Bank of England.  Goschen was also chancellor of Oxford and the University of Edinburgh;  his brother, Baron Sir Edward Goschen was Ambassador to Berlin when Bethmann-Hollweg told him that the Belgian Treaty was a mere “scrap of paper;”  Leopold S. Amery, who had two sons, Leopold, who was executed as a traitor in 1945, and Julian, who married Prime Minister Harold MacMillan’s daughter, and served as leftwing correspondent on the Spanish Front 1938-9, Churchill’s personal representative to Chiang Kai-Shek, 1945, Round Table Conference on Malta, 1955, Council of Europe, 1950-56.  The senior Leopold Amery is described as “a passionate advocate of British imperialism”;  he was on the staff of the Times, and wrote a 7 vol. history of the South African War for the Times;  served in the Cabinet from 1916-22, MP 1911-45, first Lord of Admiralty, 1922-24, Secretary of State for India, 1940-45, and arranged for India to have independence.  He was a trustee of the Rhodes Trust.

The Milner-Rothschild relationship was described in Terence O’Brien’s biography, “Milner”, p. 97, “Milner went to Paris on some business with Alhponse de Rothschild.... Business calls in the City included a formal visit to Rothschilds.... weekend with Lord Rothschild at Tring, and visit with Edward Cecil, Lord Salisbury at Hatfield.... while spending a weekend with Lord Rothschild at Tring a Press Lord gave him a sleepless night (no further explanation given) ..... talks with Rothschild.”  Milner attended a Zionist dinner given by Lord Rothschild, sitting next to Lawrence of Arabia, who interpreted for him in a talk with King Feisal.  On p. 364, O’Brien notes, “Milner lost no time in recreating his links with the City.  He went first to Rio Tinto which reelected him to its Board and before long Rothschild asked him to be its chairman.”  Rio Tinto was one of the key firms in the Rothschild empire.  Herbert Hoover was also appointed a director of Rio Tinto;  he would soon be asked to head the “Belgian Relief Commission” which prolonged World War I from 1916 to 1918.

The Milner role in starting the South African War is described in “British Supremacy in South Africa”.  Chap. 1 is headed “Sir Alfred Milner’s War,” explained as follows :  “On 19 March Chamberlain telegraphed to him, 'The principle object of His Majesty’s Government in South Africa is peace.  Nothing but a most flagrant offense would justify the use of force.’”  P. 22, “Milner had come to believe that war with the Transvaal was both inevitable and desirable .... Milner had at last convinced Chamberlain that British supremacy in South Africa would be jeopardized unless the power of the Transvaal was broken.”  There is the evidence that Rothschild’s Round Table minion, Milner, cold-bloodedly precipitated the Boer war for his master’s gain.

John Hays Hammond, chief mining engineer for the House of Rothschild, also was sent to South Africa to precipitate the war.  He formed the “Uitlanders Reform Committee”, with Lionel Phillips, head of gold and diamond mining firm Eckstein–the Corner House;  George Farrar of East Rand Property Mines;  and Col. Frank Rhodes, brother of Cecil Rhodes.  The Committee was financed by Abe Bailey, Solly Joel, Barney Barnato, and the Ecksteins, all of whom were big winners in the partition of the gold and diamond properties after the war.  During this activity, Hammond was arrested by Paul Kruger, sentenced to death for promoting revolution, and was allowed to leave only after paying a $100,000 fine;  he was then hired by the Guggenheims at $500,000 year salary, and in 1921 became chief lobbyist for the Council on Foreign Relations in Washington.

Like other enterprises with which the Rothschilds have been connected, the Bank of England has been a center of international intrigue and espionage since its founding in 1694.  Although the Rothschilds did not become associated with the Bank until 1812, when Nathan Mayer Rothschild increased his fortune 6500 times by taking advantage of false rumors that somehow swept the London Stock Exchange, purporting that England had lost at Waterloo.  The Bank of England originated in a revolution, when William III, Prince of Orange, drove King James II from the throne.  Since the Bank of England Charter was granted by William in 1694, there has never been another revolt against the Crown.  The royal family has been secure because the source of money, crucial to a revolution, has remained under control.

King Charles II had managed to retain a shaky position because of support from the Duke of Buckingham (George Villiers), and others whose first names formed the word “CABAL”, introducing a new term for intrigue.  His successor, James II, tried to placate the powerful lords of England, but even his longtime supporters, scenting a change of power, began secret negotiations with the Prince of Orange.  Wilhelm I, Prince of Orange, had been married several times, to Anne of Saxony, Charlotte de Bourbon, and Princess de Coligny.  Today, every ruling house of Europe, as well as those out of power, is a direct descendant of King William, including Queen Juliana of the Netherlands, Margaretha, Queen of Denmark, Olaf V of Norway, Gustaf of Sweden, Constantine of Greece, Prince Rainier of Monaco, and Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, whose son married the daughter of C. Douglas Dillon.

Lord Shrewsbury (Charles Talbot) had been given places by both Charles II and James II;  nevertheless, he played a leading role in the revolution.  He took 12,000 pounds to Holland to support William in 1688, returned with him, and was made secretary of state.  Sidney Godolphin, one of James II’s last adherents, joined with the Duke of Sunderland and the Duchess of Portsmouth in correspondence with William prior to his invasion of England, and was appointed head of the treasury by William.  Henry Compton, Earl of Northampton, and Bishop of London, had been removed by James II;  he signed the invitation to William to come to England;  he was reinstated in his ssee in 1688;  his son Francis became Lord Privy Seal.  John Churchill, first Duke of Marlborough, had entered into negotiations with the Prince of Orange in Oct. 1687, and expressed his readiness to support him in Aug. 1688.  To allay James II’s suspicions, Marlborough then signed a renewed oath of fidelity to him Nov. 10, 1688.  On Nov. 24, 1688, he joined the forces of William of Orange.

Although William had married Mary, the daughter of James II, and had a legitimate claim to the throne of England, he could not take power as long as James II was on the throne.  Therefore, he entered England with a force of 10,000 foot soldiers and 4000 horse, a small force with which to conquer a great kingdom.  With him were Churchill, Bentinck, (the first Earl of Portland), Earl of Shrewsbury, and Lord Polwarth, whose descendant is a prominent member of the Anglo-American banking establishment.  James II fled to the court of Louis XIV and was declared abdicated.

Marlborough, ancestor of Winston Churchill (whose former daughter-in-law, Pam Harriman, is the leading power in the Democratic Party) is described in The Captain General, by Ivor Brown, “The Commissioner of Public Accounts found that the Duke of Marlborough had accepted gifts amounting to some 60,000 pounds from Antonio Machado and Sir Solomon de Medina, contractors for bread and wagons for the army abroad, and 2½% of all money allotted for payment of troops, some 175,000 pounds (later revised to 350,000 pounds).”  Marlborough claimed it had all been spent for intelligence, but witnesses testified he could not have spent more than 5000 pounds for this purpose in all of his campaigns.  Donald Chandler’s biography of Marlborough points out that “The bread contractors such as Solomon and Moses Medina, Mynheer Hecop, Solomon Abraham, Vanderkaa and Machado, were for the most part Spanish or Dutch Jews of varying reliability and venality.”  Chandler says that they consistently gave short weight or added sand to their corn sacks.  For a number of years, Medina, as chief army contractor, contributed an annual commission of 6000 pounds a year to Marlborough as his rateoff on army contracts.

In addition to his English supporters, who were previously loyal to King James II, William brought with him from Amsterdam the group of avaricious financiers who were also the suppliers of his armies.  One of his first official acts was the conferring of knighthood on Solomon de Medina.  Machado and Pereira provisioned his armies in Spain and Holland;  Medina supplied Marborough in Flanders;  Joseph Cortissot supplied Lord Galway in Spain, and Abraham Prado supplied the British army during the Seven Year War.

The most important act of William’s reign was his granting of the charter of the Bank of England in 1694, although most of his biographers omit this salient fact.  The concept of a central bank which would have the power of note issue, or issuing money, had already taken hold in Europe.  The Bank of Amsterdam was started in 1609;  its members aided William in his conquest of England.  The Bank of Hamburg was chartered in 1619;  the Bank of Sweden began the practice of issuing notes in 1661.  These banks were chartered by financiers whose ancestors had been bankers in Venice and Genoa.  As the tide of world power shifted northward in Europe, so did the financiers.  The Warburgs of Hamburg had begun as the Abraham del Banco family, the largest bankers in Venice.

An interesting technique is revealed by the Charter of the Bank of England – it was slipped through as part of a tonnage bill, which was later to become a recognized parliamentary technique.  The Charter provides that “rates and duties upon tonnage of ships are made security to such persons as shall voluntarily advance the sum of 1,500,000 pounds towards carrying on the war against France.”

Other European banks, such as the Banks of Genoa, Venice and Amsterdam, were primarily banks of deposit, but the Bank of England began the practice of coining its own credit into money, the beginning of the monetarist movement.  The Bank of England soon created a “new class” of moneyed interests in the City, as opposed to the power of the old barons, whose fortunes derived from their landholdings.  Of the five hundred original stockholders, four hundred and fifty lived in London.  This was the dawn of the preeminence of the “City”, now the world’s leading financial center.  For this reason, the Rothschilds identified their key American banks with the code word “City”.

Early descriptions of the shareholders of the Bank of England identify them as “a Society of about 1300 persons”.  They included the King and Queen of England, who received shares to the value of 10,000 pounds each;  Marlborough, who invested 10,000 pounds – he also invested large sums from his “commissions” in the East India Co. in 1697, and later became Governor of the Hudson Bay Company, which paid a 75% dividend;  Lord Shrewsbury, who invested 10,000 pounds;  Godolphin, who invested 7000 pounds – he predicted that the Bank of England would not only finance trade, but would carry the burden of her wars, which was proven true in the next three hundred years. Virginia Cowles writes, in “The Great Marlborough”, “England emerged from the war as the dominant force, because the Bank of England’s credit system enabled her to bear the burden of war without undue strain.”

Other charter subscribers were William Bentinck, later the first Earl of Portland, he had been a page in William of Orange’s household, accompanied William to England in 1670 on his initial visit, handled the delicate negotiations of his marriage with Mary in 1677, and prepared the details of William’s invasion of England.  He was given the title of Earl of Portland, and became the most trusted agent of Williams foreign policy.  In 1984, we find the 9th Duke, Cavendish-Bentinck, is chmn. of Bayers UK Ltd, and Nuclear Chemie Mittchorpe GMBH, Germany;  he also had a distinguished career in foreign service, joining the Foreign Office in 1922;  he represented England at the successive Paris, Hague and Locarno conferences, was chmn joint Intelligence for the Chiefs o£ Staff 1939-45, and Ambassador to Poland during the critical years of 1945-47, when that country was turned over to the Soviet Union, with England’s surreptitious support.

Other charter subscribers to the Bank of England were the Duke of Devonshire (William Cavendish) who built Chatsworth;  he also had signed the invitation to William to assume the throne of England;  he was High Steward at Anne’s Coronation in 1702, and was said to lead a profligate private life – (the present duke sold seven drawings in July 1984 for $9.2 million) the 11th Duke married Deborah Freeman-Mitford daughter of Baron Redesdale – his present brother-in-law, Baron Redesdale, is vice president of Chase Manhattan Bank;  the Duke of Leeds, Sir Thomas Osborne, who also signed the invitation to William – he was lord high treasurer and had arranged the marriage of Mary – he was later impeached for receiving a large bribe to procure the charter of the East India Co. in 1691 – because of his favored position at court the proceedings were never concluded, and he left one of the largest fortunes in England;  Earl of Pembroke, (Thomas Herbert), who became the first lord of the admiralty, and later lord privy seal;  Earl of Carnarvon, who is also Earl of Powis and Earl of Bradford;  Lord Edward Russell, created Earl of Orford 1697;  he had joined the service of William in 1683, was appointed treasurer of the Navy 1689, first lord of admiralty 1696-17, and lord justice 1697-1714 (Sir Robert Walpole, the famed British leader, was created Earl of Orford in the second creation);  William Paterson, usually credited with being the founder of the bank of England – he was forced out within a year;  Sir Theodore Janssen, who invested 10,000 pounds;  Dr. Hugh Chamberlen;  John Asgill, an eccentric writer and pamphleteer;  Dr. Nicholas Barbon, son of Praisegod Barebones, who started the first insurance company in Great Britain;  John Holland, a reputed Englishman who also started the Bank of Scotland in 1695;  Michael Godfrey, who died at Namur, Belgium on his way to Antwerp to establish a branch of the Bank of England – he was the first deputy governor of the Bank of England, and nephew of Sir Edward Godfrey, who was murdered by Titus Oakes in 1678;  Sir John Houblon and twenty members of his family were also early stockholders;  Sir John became lord of the admiralty, and Lord Mayor of London;  his brother James was deputy governor of the Bank of England;  Salomon de Medina, later knighted by William III;  Sir William Scawen;  Sir Gilbert Heathcote, director of Bank of England 1699-1701, and from 1723-25;  he was Sheriff and later Lord Mayor of London, founded the New East India Co. in 1693;  his parsimony was ridiculed by Alexander Pope in his quatrains;  Sir Charles Montague, first Earl of Halifax, and Chancellor of the Exchequer–the present Earl is a director of Hambros Bank;  Marquess Normandy, John Sheffield, also held the title of Duke of Buckingham–he is buried in Westminster Abbey;  Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel, comptroller of the royal household;  Charles Chaplin;  and the philosopher, John Locke.

In his “The Bank of England, A History”, Sir John Clapham notes that by 1721, a number of Spanish and Portuguese Jews had been buying stock in the Bank of England – Medina, two Da Costas, Fonseca, Henriquez, Mendez, Nunes, Roderiquez, Salvador Teixera de Mattes, Jacob and Theodore Jacobs, Moses and Jacob Abrabanel, Francis Pereira.  Clapham notes that since 1751 there has been very little trading in Bank of England stock;  it has been very closely held for more than two centuries.

The Bank of England has played a prominent role in American history – without it, the United States would not exist.  The American colonists considered themselves loyal Englishmen to a man, but when they began to enjoy unequalled prosperity by printing and circulating their own Colonial scrip, the stockholders of the Bank of England went to George III and informed him that their monopoly of interest-bearing notes in the colonies was at stake.  He banned the scrip, with the result that there was an immediate depression in the commercial life of the Americas.  This was the cause of the Rebellion;  as Benjamin Franklin pointed out, the little tax on tea, amounting to about a dollar a year per American family, could have been borne, but the colonists could not survive the banning of their own money.

The Bank of England and the Rothschilds continued to play a dominant role in the commercial life of the United States, causing panics and depressions for the Rothschilds whenever their officials were instructed to do so.  When the Second Bank of the United States expired in 1836, and President Jackson refused to renew it, creating great prosperity in the United States when government funds were deposited in other banks, the Rothschilds punished the upstarts by causing the Panic of 1837.  As Henry Clews writes, “Twenty-Eight Years on Wall Street”, p. 157, “The Panic of 1837 was aggravated by the Bank of England when it in one day threw out all the paper connected with the United States.”

By refusing to credit American notes and stocks, the Bank of England created financial panic among the holders of that paper.  The panic enabled Rothschild’s agents, Peabody and Belmont, to reap a fortune in buying up depreciated stocks during the panic.

The Bank of England has played a prominent role in wars, revolutions, and espionage, as well as business panics.  When Napoleon escaped from Elba in 1815, the London gold market jumped overnight from 41b.6d to 5lb.7.  The leading buyer was Nathan Mayer Rothschild, who was under orders from the British Treasury to dispatch gold to the Duke of Wellington, grouping to stop Napoleon.  After Waterloo, the price of gold dropped.

During the twentieth century, the most important name at the Bank of England was Lord Montague Norman.  His grandfather, George Warde Norman, had been governor of the Bank of England from 1821-1872, longer than any other man;  his other grandfather, Lord Collet, was Governor of the Bank of England from 1887-89, and managing partner of Brown Shipley Co. in London for twenty-five years.  In 1894, Montague Norman was sent to New York to work in the offices of Brown Bros.;  he was befriended by the W.A. Delano family, and lived with the Markoe family, partners of Brown Bros.  In 1907, Norman was elected to the Court of the Bank of England.  In 1912, he had a severe nervous breakdown, and was treated by Jung in Switzerland.  He became deputy governor of the Bank of England in 1916, and later served until 1944 as Governor.  The Wall Street Journal wrote of him in 1927, “Mr. M. Collet Norman, the Governor of the Bank of England, is now head and shoulders above all other British bankers.  No other British banker has ever been as independent and supreme in the world of British finance as Mr. Norman is today.  He has just been elected Governor for the eighth year in succession.  Before the war, no Governor was allowed to hold office for more than two years;  but Mr. Norman has broken all precedents.  He runs his Bank and his Treasury as well.  He appears to have no associations except his employees.  He gives no interviews.  He leaves the British financial world wholly in the thick as to his plans and ideas.”

The idea that one individual ran the Bank of England to suit himself, with no influences, is too ridiculous to be considered.  What about the Rothschilds ?  What about the other shareholders ?  Carroll Quigley, in “Tragedy and Hope” notes that “M. Norman said, 'I hold the hegemony of the currency.’– He is called the currency dictator of Europe.”  Lionel Fraser of J. Henry Schroder Wagg notes in his autobiography, “All to the Good”, that he was in charge of Lord Norman’s personal investments.  He also notes of the firm of Helbert Wagg, former jewelers from Halberstadt and now a London banking house (later J. Henry Schroder Wagg), “The firm was official brokers on Stock Exchange to the great and all powerful House of Rothschild.”  Both Wagg and Schroder had been in business in London for 159 years when they merged in 1960.  Another writer notes that Lord Norman frequently consulted with J.P. Morgan before making his Bank of England decisions.  Gordon Richardson, chairman of J. Henry Schroder from 1962-72, then became Governor of the Bank of England from 1972-83, when he was succeeded by Robert Leigh-Pemberton, chmn. of the National Westminister Bank, also director of Equitable – he married into the Cecil-Burghley family.

The present directors of the Bank of England are :  G.W. McMahon, deputy governor since 1964, economic analyst Treasury 1953-57, adviser British Embassy Washington 1957-60;  Sir Adrian Cadbury, chmn. Cadbury Schweppes, dir. IBM UK;  Leopold de Rothschild, N.M. Rothschild & Sons etc;  George V. Blunden, exec. dir. Bank of England since 1947, served with IMF 1955-58;  A.D. Lochnis, dir. J. Henry Schroder Wagg;  G.A. Drain, member Trilateral Commission, treasurer European Movement, Franco-British Council, British North American Committee, lawyer for many unions and health associations;  Sir Jasper Hollom, has been on the board since 1936;  D.G. Scholey, chmn. S.G. Warburg Co., Orion Insurance, Union Discount of London, Mercury Securities, which now owns S.G. Warburg Co. Irwin Holdings;  J.M. Clay, dep. chmn. Hambros Bank, chmn. Johnson and Firth Brown Ltd;  Hambros Life Assurance;  Sir David Steel, chmn. British Petroleum, dir. Kuwait Oil Co., The Wellcome Trust, trustee The Economist (whose chmn. is Evelyn de Rothschild);  Lord Nelson of Stafford, chmn. GE Ltd. chmn. Royal Worcester Co., Natl. Bank of Australasia, International Nickel, British Aircraft, English Electric, Marconi Ltd. chmn. World Power Conference, Worshipful Co. of Goldsmiths, Middle Eastern Assn;  Lord Weir, chmn. The Weir Group, chmn. Great Northern Investment Trust;  E.A.J. George, exec. dir Bank of England, dir. Gilt-Edged Division Bank of England, IMF 1972-72, Bank for International Settlements 1966-69;  Sir Hector Laing, chmn. United Biscuit, Allied Lyons, Royal Insurance;  Sir Alastair Pilkington, chmn. Pilkington Bros. Glass, dir. British Petroleum, British Railways Board.

The Bank of England also dominates the Bank of Scotland, whose chmn. is Robert Bruce, Lord Balfour;  his title Balfour of Burleigh was created in 1607;  he is manager of English Electric and Viking Oil;  he married the daughter of magnate E.S. Manasseh.  Directors of Bank of Scotland include Lord Clydesmuir, also dir. Barclays Bank, and Rt. Hon. Lord Polwarth, director of Halliburtons, which interlocks with the Rothschild First City Bank of Houston and Citibank, Imperial Chemical Industries, Canadian Pacific, and Brown and Root Wimpey Highland Fabricators, which interlocks with George Wimpey PLC, largest construction firm in the British Empire, whose 44 companies have revenues of 1.2 billion pounds per year.  Lord Polwarth’s daughter married Baron Moran, High Commissioner of Canada, who previously served as Ambassador to Hungary and to Chad;  Baron Moran’s daughter married Baron Mountevans, manager of Consolidated Goldfields.

Directors of George Wimpey PLC included S.S. Jardine;  Viscount Hood, who is chmn. Petrofina UK, and director J. Henry Schroder Wagg, and Union Miniere;  and Sir Joseph Latham, chmn. Ariel International, director Deutsches Kreditbank.

Wimpey Co. interlocks with Schroder Ltd, parent of J. Henry Schroder Wagg.  The Earl of Airlie (David Ogilvy) is chmn. of Schroder;  he married Virginia Ryan, grand-daughter of Otto Kahn and Thomas Fortune Ryan;  The Earl is also director of Royal Bank of Scotland;  directors of Schroder include Lord Franks, director of the Rockefeller Foundation, the Rhodes Trust, and Kennedy Center;  he is a former Ambassador to the United States;  G.W. Mallinkrodt;  Sir E.G. Woodruffe of Unlever;  and Daniel Janssen of the Bank of England.

One of the great Rothschild hoaxes was the “disarmament movement” of the early 1930s.  The idea was not to disarm, but to persuade the nations to junk what arms they had so they could later be sold new ones.  “The merchants of death”, as they were popularly known in those days, were never more than errand boys for their true masters, “the bankers of death”, or, as they were also known, “the Brotherhood of Death”.  In 1897, Vickers, in which Rothschilds had the largest holding, bought Naval Construction and Armament Co., and Maxim Nordenfeldt Guns & Ammunition Co.  The new Vickers-Maxim Co. was able to test its products in the Spanish-American War, which was set off by J&W Seligman Co. to obtain the white gold, (sugar), of Cuba;  the Boer War of 1899-1901, to seize the gold and diamond fields of the Witwatersrand, and the Russo-Japanese War of 1905, designed to weaken the Czar and make the Communist Revolution inevitable.  These three wars provided the excuse for tooling up for the mass production of World Wars I & II.  In 1897, an international power trust was formed, consisting of DuPont, Nobel, Koln, and Kottweiler, which divided the world into four distinct sales territories.

The chmn. of Vickers, Sir Herbert Lawrence, was director of Sun Assurance Office Ltd;  Sun Life Assurance, and chmn. the London committee of the Ottoman Bank;  directors included Sir Otto Niemeyer, director of the Bank of England, and the Anglo International Bank;  S. Loewe, the German arms magnate, Loewe & Co.;  Sir Vincent Caillard, President of the Ottoman Debt Council, financial expert on the Near East;  and Sir Basil Zaharoff, the “mystery man of Europe”.

The highwater mark of “the merchants of death” hoax was reached in the Nye Committee Hearings of 1934, copies of which are invariably missing in government libraries.  Alger Hiss was investigator and counsel for the Committee.  Typical was Chairman Nye’s questioning of Mr. Carse of the Electric Boat Co. (a subsidiary of Vickers):  “Chmn. NYE:  In 1917, Mr. Carse, you drafted a letter to help Zaharoff avoid paying income tax on your commissions to him of $766,852.  There is Exhibit 24, a letter dated Sept. 21, 1917, addressed to Mr. H.C. Sheridan, Washington, D.C. Who is Mr. Sheridan, Mr. Carse ?  CARSE:  He owns the Hotel Washington.  At that time he was the agent of Vickers Ltd. in this country, and he was also a representative of Zaharoff.  Mr Sheridan handled Mr. Zaharoff’s income tax with White and Case.  CHMN:  Did you know that this was false, that this omission of a million dollars referred to was actually Sir Basil Zaharoff’s income ?  CARSE:  No, I did not know anything about Zaharoff’s income.  CHMN:  But you have told us that a letter by Zaharoff six weeks earlier that 82,000 francs he received was his own personal income.  CARSE:  I do not know what Zaharoff did in his business.  He did not tell me.  CHMN:  Did Zaharoff succeed in escaping the payment of income tax to the United States ?  CARSE:  I believe there was some settlement made.  Sheridan handled it..... Zaharoff was never a stockholder insofar as I ever knew.  The men who handle very large stock do not put the stock in their own names.  CHMN:  Zaharoff wrote to you 19 May, 1925, ’I desire no thanks for what I have done, because I am bound to attend to the interest of my firm of Vickers and the Electric Boat Co. in both of which I am a stockholder.  CARSE:  I know he told me that, but I was never able to trace anything.”

Sen. Clark then pursued questioning on how the armaments firms and oil companies promoted wars :  “CLARK:  So this whole occasion of arming Peru, and of the revolution in Bolivia on the basis of arming against Chile was based on erroneous rumor ?  MR. SPEZAR:  That is my impression.  CLARK:  You wanted to interest the large oil companies in financing an armament program for South America.  CARSE:  I was willing to present any proposition the government might approve with regard to any oil companies which might be interested.”

The Nye Committee frequently came back to Zaharoff’s activities, referring to him as “a kind of superspy in high social and influential circles”.  For many years he exercised great influence on Prime Minister Lloyd George of England.  Zaharoff, who began his career as a brothel tout and underworld tough, arranged for Lloyd George to have an affair with Zaharoff’s wife.  Arthur Maundy Gregory, an associate of Lloyd George, was also a Zaharoff agent.  Maundy Gregory for many years regularly peddled peerages in London clubs;  knighthoods, not hereditary, were 10,000-12,000 lbs.;  baronetcies went for as high as 40,000 lb., of which he paid Lloyd George a standard 5000 lb. each.  Maundy Gregory was also closely associated with Sir Basil Thompson in British counter-espionage.  Zaharoff, who was born in 1851 in Constantinople, married one Emily Ann Burrows of Knightsbridge.  Maundy Gregory then introduced Emily Ann to the insatiable Lloyd George.  From that time on, he was at Zaharoff’s mercy.  Although Zaharoff was closely associated with Lloyd George throughout World War I until 1922, when their association effectively ended Lloyd George’s political career, the name Zaharoff appears nowhere in Lloyd George’s extensive Memoirs.  Lloyd George’s political career came to an end after Zaharoff persuaded him to help the Greeks against Turkey in 1920, a disastrous adventure which brought about Lloyd George’s downfall from political power.  George Donald McCormick, in “The Mask of Merlin”, the definitive work on Lloyd George, states, “Zaharoff kept him (Lloyd George) closely informed on the Balkans.  During the war, Zaharoff was sent on various secret missions by Lloyd George.  The Big Three, Wilson, Lloyd George and Clemenceau, met in Zaharoff’s home in Paris.  On one occasion, Zaharoff went to German (in 1917) on Lloyd George’s personal unstructions, disguised in the uniform of a Bulgarian Army doctor.  Clemenceau later said, 'The information which Zaharoff secured in Germany for Lloyd George was the most important piece of intelligence of the whole war.’”  Zaharoff was awarded the Order of British Empire in 1918 for this mission.  McCormick also notes, “Zaharoff had interests in Briey furnaces of the Comite des Forges.  Throughout the war no action was taken against Briey or nearby Thionville, a German area vital to the German army.  Orders to bombard Briey were cancelled on orders of Zaharoff.”  M. Barthe protested this event in a speech to the French Parliament January 24, 1919.

McCormick found that Zaharoff had made some interesting confessions to close associates.  He boasted to Rosita Forbes, “I made wars so that I could sell arms to both sides.”  He offered astute political advice to Sir Robert Lord Boothby, “Begin on the left in politics, and then, if necessary, work over to the right.  Remember it is sometimes necessary to kick off the ladder those who have helped you to climb it.”

In addition to his Vickers and Electric Boat stock, Zaharoff had large holdings in other armaments manufacturers, Krupp and Skoda.  The Skoda Works of Czechoslavakia were controlled by the powerful Schneider family of Schneider-Creusot, headed by Eugene Schneider, whose grand-daughter married the present Duke of Bedford.  The Nye Committee found that Vickers interlocked with Brown Boveri of Switzerland, Fokker, Banque Ottomane, Mitsui, Schneider, and ten other armaments firms around the world.  Vickers set up a torpedo manufacturing firm, Societe Francasies des Torpilles Whitehead, with the former Whitehead Co., whose owner, James B. Whitehead, then became English Ambassador to France.  Frau Margareta von Bismarck was a director of Societe Francasies, as was Count Edgar Hoyos of Fiume.

At its peak in the 1930s, the Vickers network included Harvey Steel, Chas. Cammell & co. shipbuilding, John Brown & Co., Krupp and Dillinger of Germany, Terni Co. of Italy, Bethehem Steel and Electric Boat in the U.S., Schneider, Chatillon Steel, Nobel Dynamite Trust, and Chilworth Gunpowder Co.  The trustee for the debentures of the armaments firms was Royal Exchange Assurance Co. of London, of which E. Roland Harriman of Brown Bros Harriman was a director.

As First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill obligingly changed the fuel of the entire English fleet from coal to oil, as a favor to the Samuel family which owned Royal Dutch Shell.

The most revealing works on the armaments dealers, the Nye Committee Hearings, and “Merchants of Death” are now fifty years old.  On p. 167 of “Merchants” we find that “The Societe Miniere de Penarroya controls the most important lead mines of the world, accounting for one-eighth of the world’s production.  Since 1833 the French bankers, the Rothschilds, have controlled these mines, but in 1909 the Rothschild Bank entered into an alliance with the Metallgeschaft of Frankfurt, the company in which both the Kaiser and Krupp were heavily interested.  This company remained under German and French control for about two years of the war.  At the outbreak of hostilities, 150,000 tons of lead were shipped from these mines to Germany, via Switzerland.  When shipments to France were resumed, the price was raised to such an extent that it more than doubled the price which the English paid for their lead.  Free trade between Germany and France in important chemicals, for powder, etc. continued;  the Swiss supplied both sides with electric power.  All along their frontier great powerhouses sprang into being, facing Germany from Italy, producing iron, bauxite, chemicals and power.  Zeiss products were exported to Britain throughout the war.”

Dr. Ellis Powell told an audience at Queens Hall, London, March 4, 1917;  “At the beginning of the war many thousands of German reservists were allowed to return to Germany although our Fleet could have stopped them.  German individuals, firms and companies went on trading merrily in British names, collecting their debts, and indirectly, no doubt, financing German militarism.  At the very moment when Germans were destroying our property by Zeppelin bombs we were actually paying them money instead of taking their holdings as part compensation for damage done.  In January 1915 came the vicious decision by Lord Reading (Rufus Isaacs) and the Appeal Court, according to which the Kaiser and Little William Co. was a good British company, capable of suing the King’s own subjects in the King’s own courts .... The uninterrupted activity in this country of the Frankfort Metal Octopus is not an accident ... Let me analyze one lurid case, which has stirred public indignation and anger to its depths.  I mean the impudent survival of the German banks.  We have now been at war nearly three years.  Yet their doors are still open.  They sent large quantities of bullion to Germany after the war started.”

There was a remarkable amount of goodwill and free trade continuing during World War I among the warring nations.  Of course the Americans did not wish to be left out of the great outpouring of goodwill in which forty million people were killed.  It was not enough that the Americans were financing the war through their Federal Reserve System and the personal income tax, which, as Cordell Hull so aptly put it in his Memoirs, “had been passed in the nick of time” before the outbreak of the war;  nor was it enough that the Americans were feeding the “Belgians”, actually the Germans, through the Belgian Relief Commission, so that the war could be prolonged until the United States became a belligerent.  Concerned Americans dedicated themselves to the proposition that American boys should be killed in the trenches with the British, the French, the Germans and other nationalites.

The warmongers set up three principal organizations to force the United States into World War I – the Council on National Defense, the Navy League, and the League to Enforce Peace.  The Council on National Defense was authorized by act of Congress August, 1916, although there was no nation on earth known to be contemplating any attack on the United States.  Pancho Villa had led a small group of bandits against Columbus, N.M., but this raid was hardly an occasion for national mobilization.  It was a retaliatory strike because of the actions of New York bankers in Mexico – the Warburgs held the bonds of the National Railways of Mexico;  George F. Peabody and Eugene Meyer and Cleveland H. Dodge owned the copper mines of Mexico;  Seligman & Co. owned Electric Power and Light of Mexico.  The Mexican Revolution was an uprising against President Porfirio Diaz, who had collaborated profitably with the Warburgs and Rockefellers for years.  Percy N. Furber, president of the Oil Fields of Mexico Ltd. told C.W. Barron, “The Mexican Revolution was really caused by H. Clay Pierce, who owned 35% of Pierce-Waters Oil Co.;  Standard Oil owned the other 65%.  He wanted to get my property.  He demanded of Diaz that he should take off the taxes on oil imports so that Standard Oil could bring in products from the U.S.  Diaz refused.”  Furber said that he put up the money for Francisco Madero to oust Diaz.  Madero was then murdered by Victoriano Huerta, the pawn of Lord Cowdray, head of British oil interests in Mexico.  In the resulting chaos, Villa and Zapata came to the fore, resulting in the Columbus raid.

The Council on National Defense was chaired by Daniel Willard, pres. B&O RR;  other members were Bernard Baruch, Julius Rosenwald, Samuel Gompers, Walter S. Gifford, pres. of AT & T, also director Commission on Industrial Preparedness;  Hollis Godfrey, pres. of Drexel Institute, married to a Lawrence of Boston;  and Howard Coffin, pres. of Hudson Motor Car Co.  Coffin’s secretary, Grosvenor Clarkson, ran the Council.  Godfrey claims in Who’s Who that the Council was actually created by himself, Howard Coffin and Elihu Root.

The principals of the Navy League were J.P. Morgan of U.S. Steel, Charles Schwab of Bethlehem Steel, Col. R.M. Thompson of International Nickel, and B.F. Tracy, attorney for the Carnegie Steel Co.  The principals of the League to Enforce Peace were Elihu Root, J.P. Morgan’s lawyer;  Lincoln Filene;  Oscar Straus;  John Hays Hammond, who had been sentenced to death for revolutionary activity in South Africa;  Isaac Seligman;  Perry Belmont, the official representative of the Rothschilds, and Jacob Schiff of Kuhn, Loeb & Co.  The watchword of these millionaire bakers was “preparedness”, and Asst. Sec of the Navy Franklin Delano Roosevelt was already letting large Navy contracts in 1916, a year before we got into the war.

Col. House wrote to President Wilson from London on May 29, 1914, “Whenever England consents, France and Russia will close in on Germany and Austria.”

While preparing for war, Woodrow Wilson campaigned in 1916 on the slogan, “He kept us out of war”.  H.C. Peterson notes in “Propaganda for War”, Univ. Oklahoma Press, 1939, “To a large extent, the 9 million people who voted for Wilson did so because of the phrase, ‘He kept us out of war.’”  Col. House later told Viereck that Wilson had concluded an agreement with the British in 1916, long before his campaign, to involve us in the war.  Roosevelt repeated the process in 1939.

When we went into World War I, Wilson appointed his campaign fundraiser, Bernard Baruch, head of the War Industries Board.  Baruch was later investigated by the Graham Committee.  He testified, “I probably had more power than perhaps any other man did in the war;  doubtless that is true.”  He said of his prewar actions, “I asked for an interview with the President.  I explained to him as earnestly as I could that I was deeply concerned about the necessity of the mobilisation of the industries of the country.  The President listened very attentively and graciously, as he always does, and the next thing I heard, some months afterward, my attention was brought to this Council of National Defense.”

“MR. GRAHAM:  Did the President express any opinion about the advisability of adopting the scheme you proposed ?  BARUCH:  I think I did most of the talking.  GRAHAM:  Did you impress him with your belief that we were going to get into the war ?  BARUCH:  I probably did.  GRAHAM:  That was your opinion at the time ?  BARUCH:  Yes.  I thought we were going to get into the war.  I thought a war was coming long before it did.  MR. JEFFRIES:  Then the system you did adopt did not give the Lukens Steel & Iron Co. the amount of profit that the low-producing companies did ?  BARUCH:  No, but we took 80% away from the others.  MR. JEFFRIES:  The law did that, didn’t it ?  BARUCH:  The government did that.  GRAHAM:  What did you mean by the use of the word ‘we’?  BARUGH:  The government did that excuse me, but I meant we, the Congress.  GRAHAM:  You meant that the Congress passed a law covering that.  BARUCH:  Yes, sir.  GRAHAM:  Did you have anything to do with that ?  BARUCH: Not a thing.  GRAHAM:  Then I would not use the word ‘we’ if I were you.”

Although Baruch played a crucial role in funding Wilson’s campaign, in 1916, he had not ignored Wilson’s almost successful opponent, Charles Evans Hughes.  Carter Field points out, in his biography of Baruch, “My personal view is that Baruch would have been tremendously important in the Hughes election, if Hughes had been elected in the close election of 1916, both in the conduct of the war and in the making of the peace.”  Field continues, “Under this curious cloak of anonymity, Baruch exercised a very unusual type of political power in those early Wilson days.  He was cultivated by most of the Wilson lights, who speedily found out that he could do more for them than they could do by directly appealing to Wilson.  Naturally, there was no publicity for all this.”

Field also says, “For one thing, Wilson not only loved Baruch, he ADMIRED him.  Mrs. Wilson makes this specific statement in her Memoirs.”

Wilson’s relations with others were not always marked by such deep affection.  David Lawrence, in his biography of Wilson, “The True Story of Woodrow Wilson”, notes that in June, 1907, former President Grover Cleveland, a trustee of Princeton, publicly denounced Wilson’s plans to alter the character of the school, making a “bitter attack”.  Cleveland had come to live in Princeton after he left the White House, and was deeply attached to the university.  He died in the summer of 1908.  That fall, when Wilson, as president of the school, made his annual opening speech, he made no mention of Cleveland’s death, nor did he ever schedule a memorial exercise, as was the custom when a trustee passed away.

The Baruch War Industries Board is particularly important to the present work, not only because of the dictatorial power exercised by Baruch during the war years, but because the WIB members have continued to govern the United States.  From WIB and the American Commission to Negotiate the Peace came the Brookings Institution, which set national priorities for fifty years, NRA and the entire Roosevelt administration, and World War II.  Working with Baruch at the WIB was his asst. chairman, Clarence Dillion of Dillon, Read;  Robert S. Brookings, chmn. Price Fixing Committee of WIB, later founded the Brookings Institution;  Felix Frankfurter, chmn. of the War Policies Labor Board;  Herbert Hoover and T.F. Whitmarsh of the U.S. Food Administration;  H.B. Swope, publicity agent for Baruch;  Harrison Williams;  Albert Ritchie, later Gov. of Maryland;  Gen. Goethals;  and Rear Adm. F.F. Fletcher.  Goethals was replaced by Gen. Pierce, who was then replaced by Gen. Hugh Johnson, who became Baruch’s righthand man for many years.  Field tells us that “Gen. Hugh Johnson stayed on Baruch’s payroll for two months after he became head of NRA (during the New Deal.)”  Field quotes Woodrow Wilson as having Baruch at the WIB, “Let the manufacturer see the club behind your door.”  Baruch told the Graham Committee, “We fixed prices with the aid of potential Federal compulsion.”

Left out in the Baruch-Wilson mutual esteem society was William Jennings Bryan, longtime head of the Democratic Party.  Bryan not only opposed our entry into World War I – he dared to criticise the family which had organized the war, the Rothschilds.  Because he dared to mention the Rothschilds, Bryan was promptly denounced as “anti-Semitic”.  He responded, “Our opponents have sometimes tried to make it appear that we were attacking a race when we denounced the financial policy of the Rothschilds.  But we are nor we are as much opposed to the financial policy of J.P. Morgan as we are to the financial policy of the Rothschilds.”

Because of the secret planning needed to launch a major war, control of the communications media was essential.  Kent Cooper, president of the Associated Press, notes in Life, Nov. 13, 1944, “Freedom of Information”, “Before and during the First World War, the great German news agency Wolff was owned by the European banking house of Rothschild, which had its central headquarters in Berlin.  A leading member of the firm was also kaiser Wilhelm’s personal banker (Max Warburg).  What actually happened in Imperial Germany was that the Kaiser used Wolff to bind and excite his people to such a degree that they were eager for World War I.  Twenty years later under Hitler the pattern was repeated and enormously magnified by DNB, Wolff’s successors.”

Cooper later noted in his autobiography, “Barriers Down”, “international bankers under the House of Rothschild acquired an interest in the three leading European agencies.  (Havas, France;  Reuters, England;  Wolff, Germany).”

On April 28, 1915, Baron Herbert de Reuter, Chief of the Reuters Agency, shot himself.  The cause was the crash of the Reuters Bank, which had been organized by Baron Julius de Reuter, founder of Reuter’s, to handle foreign remittances without their being subjected to any accounting.  He was succeeded by Sir Roderick Jones, who says in his autobiography, “Shortly after I succeeded Baron Herbert de Reuter in 1915, it so happened that I received an invitation from Mr. Alfred Rothschild, then head of the British House of Rothschild, to lunch with him in historic New Court, in the City.”  Jones prudently refrains from telling us what was discussed at this meeting.

Only one member of Congress voted against the U.S. declaration of war against Germany in World War I, Jeanette Rankin.  She was also the only member of Congress to vote against our entry into World War II.  Opponents of Wilson’s action were often beaten and imprisoned.  Eugene Debs was sentenced to a long prison term.  Congressman Charles Lindbergh ran for Governor of Minnesota on a platform opposing our participation in the war.  The New York Times regularly ran scathing denunciations of his campaign.  On June 9, 1918, it noted, “Rep. Clarence H. Miller denounced Lindbergh and the Non Partisan League as seditious.  ‘According to Mr. Lindbergh the Liberty Loan is a instrument devised by the money sharks.  It seems inexcusable that any person allowed to be at large in the United States could entertain or epxress such a view of this.’”  Harrison Salisbury of the New York Times states, “I have searched out the records and they show that mobs trailed Charles K. Lindbergh Sr. during his 1918 campaign for the Republican nomination for the Minnesota governorship.  He was arrested on charges of conspiracy along with the Non Partisan Leaguers; a rally at Madison, Minn. was broken up with firehoses;  he was hanged in effigy in Red Wing, dragged from the speaker’s platform, threatened with lynching, and he escaped from town amid a volley of shots.”

Salisbury neglects to mention that a squad of Federal agents from the Bureau of Investigation, led by J. Edgar Hoover on his first important action, attacked Lindbergh and his family, dragged out all the copies of Lindbergh’s Your Country at War, and burned them on the lawn;  when young Charles rushed forward to stomp out the fire, Hoover knocked him down.

In the summer of 1917, Woodrow Wilson named Col. House to head the American War Mission to the Inter-Allied War Conference, the first such American mission to a European council.  With House were his son-in-law, Gordon Auchincloss, and Paul Cravath, Kuhn Loeb’s lawyer.  Auchincloss was director of Chase Natl. Bank, Solvay, So£ina, and Gross & Blackwell.

Meanwhile, Walter Lippman and another group were busily working on the plans for the League of Nations.  Lippmann had founded the American branch of the Fabian Society in 1905 as the Intercollegiate Socialist Society, which later became the Students for a Democratic Society after a period when it was known as the League for Industrial Democracy;  James T. Shotwell and other internationalists worked with Lippmann on this organization.

Although the war was going well for those who had promoted it, hostilities were ended somewhat abruptly by the unforeseen intervention of an aide to the Czar of Russia, Maj. Gen. Count Cherep-Spiridovich, who says, “I had a long discussion with Gen. McDonough, Chief of the War Intelligence Dept. in London;  I submitted on Sept. 1, 1918 a report advising him peace with Bulgaria would provoke an uprising in Slavic Austria, panic in Germany and surrender of her armies;  my advice was accepted;  two weeks later peace was signed with Bulgaria, two weeks later Austria was out of the war, two weeks later Germany surrendered.”

L.L. Strauss of Kuhn, Loeb Co. states he was one of four American delegates who conferred with the Germans at Brussels in March 1919 on the final armistice.  On Nov. 11, 1918, the New York Times headlined, “REDS GRIP ON GERMANY:  Königsberg, Frankfurt-on-Main, Strassburg now controlled by Spartacist Soviets”.  On Nov. 12, 1918, the New York Times stated, “The revolution in Germany is today, to all intents and purposes, an accomplished fact.”  On the same day, the New York Times headlined, “Splendor Reigns Again; Jewels Ablaze” – The occasion was a gala evening at the Metropolitan Opera, with Caruso and Homer signing Samson and Delilah.  Attending were the Otto Kahns with the French Consul-General;  the George F. Bakers and his sister Mrs. Goadby Loew;  Cornelius Vanderbilt and his daughters;  the Whitneys, the J.P. Morgans, and the E.T. Stotesburys;  the Fricks;  Mrs. Bernard Baruch;  her husband was in Europe on important business;  Mrs. Adolf Ladenburg.  These celebrants were also the principal investors in American International Corporation, which was financing the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia.

The American Commission to Negotiate Peace predictably included Walter Lippmann, the Dulles brothers, the Warburg brothers (Paul from the U.S., Max from Germany) L.L. Strauss, Thomas W. Lamont, as well as House, Wilson and Wilson’s Secretary of State, Robert Lansing, the Dulles’ uncle.  Their genial host was Baron Edmond de Rothschild.  Representing France at the Peace Conference was Finance Minister Klotz, who, according to Nowell-Baker, had for years been usefully employed by the Rothschilds to distribute bribes to the press.  The Reparations Commission was established Jan. 25, 1919, with Bernard Baruch from the U.S., Klotz from France, and Lord Cunliffe, Governor of the Bank of England, representing England.  Carter Field notes, “Nearly every afternoon Baruch had a pleasant session at the Crillon with three or four of his old cronies from the War Industries Board.”

Wilson returned to the United States July 8, 1919, laden with one million dollars worth of jewelry, gifts from appreciative Europeans as a reward for his promise to get the U.S. into the League of Nations.  Not a single member of Congress had been with him at the Paris Peace Conference.  His associates were the Fabians of America, Dr. James T. Shotwell, Eugene Delano, and Jacob Schiff.  Herbert Hoover immediately joined Col. House as the most vociferous advocate of our joining the League of Nations.

Baruch later testified before the Graham Committee;  “I was economic advisor with the peace commission.  GRAHAM:  Did you frequently advise the President while there ?  BARUCH:  Whenever he asked my advice I gave it.  I had something to do with the reparations clauses.  I was the American Commissioner in charge of what they called the Economic Section.  I was a member of the Supreme Economic Council in charge of raw materials.  GRAHAM:  Did you sit in the council with the gentlemen who were negotiating the treaty ?  BARUCH:  Yes, sir, some of the time.  GRAHAM:  All except the meetings that were participated in by the Big Five.  BARUCH:  And frequently those also.”

The Reparations Commission ordered the Germans to issue four issues of bonds, all to be delivered to the Reparations Commission as follows :  1. 20 billion gold marks, 5 billion paper marks by May 1, 1921 for the army of occupation.  2. War cost of Belgium – 4 billion gold marks due May 1, 1926.  3. 40 billion gold marks at 2½% interest from 1921-26, to be retired in 1951.  4. a 30-year provisional fund of general reparations. (Treaty of Versailles, Financial Clauses 248-63).

The bankers immediately began to treat these gigantic sums as sources of capital, to be monetarised by loans and other negotiable instruments.  Lloyd George told the N.Y. Journal American, June 24, 1924;  “The international bankers dictated the Dawes reparations settlement.  The Protocol which was signed between the Allies and Associated Powers and Germany is the triumph of the international financier.  Agreement would never have been reached without the brusque and brutal intervention of the international bankers.  They swept statesmen, politicians and journalists to one side, and issued their orders with the imperiousness of absolute monarchs, who knew that there was no appeal from their ruthless decrees.  The settlement is the joint ukase of King Dollar and King Sterling.  Dawes report was theirs.  They inspired and fashioned it.  The Dawes Report was fashioned by the Money Kings.  The orders of German financiers to their political representatives were just as peremptory as those of allied bankers to their political representatives.”

Although the reparations clauses achieved the desired result of forcing the Germans to fight a Second World War, the primary result was the formation of a “front” world government, the League of Nations, while in the background the conspirators established their real governing body, the World Order, through the Royal Institute of International Affairs, and its American subsidiary, the Council On Foreign Relations.

In 1895, Cecil Rhodes, South African agent of the Rothschilds, established a secret society whose avowed purposes was as follows :  “In the end Great Britain is to establish a power so overwhelming that wars must cease and the Millennium be realized.”  To achieve this goal, he left $150 million to the Rhodes Trust.  The Rothschild already had a group with similar aims, the Round Table, set up by Lord Alfred Milner, into which J.P. Morgan had been recruited in 1899.

The Council on Foreign Relations Handbook of 1936 states, “On May 30, 1919, several leading members of the delegations to the Paris Peace Conference met at the Hotel Majestic in Paris to discuss setting up an international group which would advise their respective governments on international affairs.  The U.S. was represented by Gen. Tasker H. Bliss (Chief of Staff, U.S. Army), Col. Edward M. House, Whitney H. Shepardson, Dr. James T. Shotwell, and Prof. Archibald Coolidge.  Great Britain was unofficially represented by Lord Robert Cecil, Lionel Curtis, Lord Eustace Percy, and Harold Temperley.  It was decided at this meeting to call the proposed organization the Institute of International Affairs.  At a meeting on June 5, 1919, the planners decided it would be best to have separate organizations cooperating with each other.  Consequently, they organized the Council on Foreign Relations, with headquarters in New York, and a sister organization, the Royal Institute of International Affairs, in London, also known as the Chatham House Study Group, to advise the British Government.  A subsidiary organization, the Institute of Pacific Relations, was set up to deal exclusively with Far Eastern Affairs.  Other organizations were set up in Paris and Hamburg, the Hamburg branch being called the Institut fur Auswartige Politik, and the Paris branch being known as Centre d’Etudes de Politicque Etrangere, at 13 Rue de Four, Paris VI.”  The Hamburg branch was established, of course, because of the Warburg family bank there.

Having dominated the Paris Peace Conference, Baron Edmond de Rothschild saw the establishment of the World Order through these groups as the crowning achievement of his life.  The “founders” of the RIIA were, one and all, Rothschild men;  honorary chairman of the GFR was Elihu Root, lawyer for Morgan and Kuhn, Loeb Co.;  Alexander Hemphill, a Morgan banker, and Otto Kahn of Kuhn, Loeb Co.

The founders of the RIIA were Rothschild’s principal South African agents;  Sir Otto Beit, trustee of Rhodes Estate and director of British South Africa Co.;  Percy Alport Molteno, son of the first Premier of Cape Colony; Sir Abe Bailey, owner of the Transvaal Mines, who worked closely with Sir Alfred Milner in starting the Boer War;  John W. Wheeler-Bennett, who became Gen. Eisenhower’s political adviser at SHAEF London 1944-45;  Sir Julien Cahn;  and Lionel Curtis, colonial secretary of the Transvaal, who gave his address as the Round Table, 175 Picadilly Rd., London.  He was later appointed Beit lecturer on the colonial history of South Africa.

Other founders of RIIA included four members of the Astor family - Viscount Astor, Hon. F.D.L. Astor, M.L. Astor, and H.J.J. Astor, the latter being chmn of The Times and director of Hambros Bank.  The first President of RIIA was Lt. Col. R.W. Leonard, president of the Coniagas Mines.  The Lord Patron was Her Majesty the Queen.  All Prime Ministers and Viceroys of the Colonies since 1923 have been Honorary Presidents of RIIA.  Stephen King Hall, in his definitive work, “Chatham House,” says, “The Prince of Wales graciously accepted the office of Visitor.  This appointment secured that the Institute could never be perverted to party or propaganda purposes.”

The 1934 list of members of RIIA included Sir Austin Chamberlain, Prime Minister, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Lord Privy Seal, and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs;  Harold MacMillan, who married the daughter of the Duke of Devonshire and later became Prime Minister, and Lord Eustace Percy, Duke of Northumberland.  The 1942 membership list includes Sir Roderick Jones, head of Reuters;  G.M. Gatheren-Hardy; Sir Andrew McFadyen, chmn. North British Borneo Co. and United Rubber Estates – he served with the British Treasury 1910-1917, represented the Treasury at the Paris Peace Conference 1919-20, was Gen. Secretary of the Reparations Commission, 1922-25;  Commissioner of Controlled Revenues Berlin 1924-30, later with S.G. Warburg Co.;  Col. Vickers;  and Lord Brand, managing director Lazard Bros., who married Lady Astor’s sister, Phyllis Langhorne, was dep. chmn. British Mission in Washington 1917-18, financial adviser to Lord Robert Cecil, chmn Supreme Economic Council at the Paris Peace Conference;  George Gibson, dir. Bank of England;  John Hambro of Hambros Bank;  Lord Derby (Edward Villiers), Lord of Treasury, Secretary of State for War, 1916-1918, who had a 69,000 acre estate in Lancashire;  and Lord Cromer (Baring).

During its early years, RIIA was principally funded by the Rothschilds through donations funnelled through Sir Abe Bailey and Sir Alfred Beit, with about 5100,000-year; since then, it has been funded with many millions of dollars by the Rockefeller Foundation and the Carnegie Corporation.

In 1936 the RIIA $400,000 budget was also funded by the following corporate subscribers: N.M. Rothschild & Sons;  British South Africa Co.;  Bank of England;  Reuters News Agency;  Prudential Assurance Co.;  Sun Insurance Office Ltd;  and Vickers-Armstrong Ltd.;  all of which were known as Rothschild enterprises.  Other subscribers were J.Henry Schroder Co., Lazard Freres, Morgan Grenfell, Erlangers Ltd., and E.D. Sassoon Co.

A number of popular books now in circulation claim that the Council on Foreign Relations is the secret government of the United States.  Nothing could be more incorrect.  The members of the Council on Foreign Relations have never originated a single item of policy for the U.S. Government.  They merely transmit orders to our government officials from the RIIA and the House of Rothschild in London.  It is true that the CFR comprises a ruling elite in the United States, but they are mere colonial governors absolutely responsible to their overseers in the World Order.  However, every prominent American mentioned in the present book is a member of the CFR, and therefore it is not necessary to note it each time a name is mentioned.  Not only do they transmit orders to the White House, the Cabinet, the Federal Reserve Board of Governors, and other government institutions, but they also maintain absolute control of the foundations, whose duty it is to formulate policy or organize it in acceptable form to be transmitted to the government.  Shoup’s “Imperial Brain Trust”, 1969, notes that the CFR includes 22 trustees of Brookings Institution, 29 at Rand, 14 at Hudson, 33 at Middle East Institute, 14 of 19 trustees of the Rockefeller Foundation, 10 of 17 at Carnegie, 7 of 16 at Ford Foundation, 6 of 11 at Rockefeller Bros. Fund.  This proves that the CFR runs these major foundations.  In the academic world, CFR members number 58 on the faculty at Princeton, 69 at the University of Chicago, and 30 at Harvard.  Of the banks which are the principal owners of Federal Reserve Bank stock, directors of Chase include 7 CFR members, 8 at J.P. Morgan, 7 at 1st Natl. City (now Citibank), 6 at Chemical Bank, and 6 at Brown Bros. Harriman.

The 1968 list of GFR members included John J. McCloy, chmn. of the board;  Frank Altschul, secretary and vice-pres.;  David Rockefeller vice-pres.;  and directors Robert V. Roosa, Douglas Dillon, and Allen Dulles.  McCloy also served as chmn. Ford Foundation 1953-65, director of the Rockefeller Foundation, and personal lawyer to the Rockefeller family interests.  His career is typical of a leading official of the World Order.  While a student at Harvard, he became a protege of Felix Frankfurter.  He joined the firm of Cravath, Swaine & Moore, lawyers for Kuhn, Loeb Co. where he remained from 1925-40.  In 1940 Frankfurter recommended him to Henry Stimson as Asst. Sec. of War, where he remained from 1941-45.  He wrote and issued the infamous War Dept, directive that military officers must disregard political views of servicemen “unless there is a specific finding that the individual involved has a loyalty to the Communist Party which overrides his loyalty to the U.S.”  Senator McCarthy termed this directive “treasonable”.

McCloy succeeded Eugene Meyer as president o£ the World Bank from 1947-49, was appointed High Commissioner of Germany where he served from 1949-52, was chmn. of the board Chase Natl. Bank from 1953-61, and Rockefeller’s attorney since then.  He is a director of Union Pacific, Westinghouse, ATT, Dreyfus, Squibb, & Mercedes-Benz.  He married Ellen Zinsser, who is not otherwise identified in McCloy’s 1947 Current Biography;  in the 1961 issue, she is identified as the niece of Hans Zinsser, a bacteriologist.  This is odd, because she is also the daughter of John Zinsser, partner of J.P. Morgan Co., and chmn. of the board of Sharp & Dohme chemicals.  It is an interesting footnote to history that the son-in-law of a J.P. Morgan partner should be appointed U.S. High Commissioner of a vanquished Germany.

The New York Times noted on Aug. 6, 1965, “J.J. McCloy Proposes Foundation Pattern for European Giving”.  He stated at Salzburg, “I wish that there could be erected in Europe a complex of foundations whose representatives could exchange thoughts with those of American foundations and thus form a sort of informal approach to some of the great problems of the day.”  “Informal” is the code word of the World Order.  It means “issuing from world headquarters”.  McCloy did not state the obvious, that five men control all of the major U.S. foundations, and that he wished they could have the same system in Europe.

The RIIA has worked closely with the London School of Economics, which was set up as a training school for the World Order bureaucrats.  The school was established in 1920 with financial aid from the Rothschilds and Sir Julius Wernher.  Sir Ernest Cassel later gave the school 472,000 pounds.  Prof. J.H. Morgan wrote in Quarterly Review, Jan. 1939, “When I once asked Lord Haldane why he persuaded his friend Sir Ernest Cassel, grandfather of Lady Mountbatten, to settle by his will large sums on the London School of Economics, he replied, our object is to make this institution a place to raise and train the bureaucracy of the future Socialist State.”  Sir William Beveridge, author of Great Britain’s ruinous Cradle to the Grave political program, was director of the London School of Economics from 1920-1937.

The British Empire has prospered on piracy, slavery and the drug traffic.  Drakes’ Pirates became the Merchants Adventurers Co. (Sebastian Cabot) which later became the Chartered Co. of East India.  It was reorganized in 1700.  It originally paid the Hong of Canton silver for tea, but discovered they would accept opium instead.  This fortuitous arrangement encountered resistance from some Chinese leaders, causing England to prosecute ten Opium Wars against China, from the Opium War of 1840-43 to the Manchurian Conquest of 1931.

In 1715 the British East India Co. opened its first Far East office in Canton.  Crown Policy deliberately fostered opium addiction among the natives to facilitate British political control.  The British Empire was then threatened with bankruptcy if it lost the American colonies.  In order to defeat the rebels, the profits of the opium trade with China were sent to the Elector of Hesse via Mayer Amschel Rothschild to hire 16,800 Hessian troops.  Thus the drug traffic and the Rothschilds played a pivotal role in American history, although it has been ignored or deleted from the history books.

David Ricardo, father of the quantity theory of money and the “rent”, or loot theory, was on the Court of Proprietors of the East India Co.  He had John Stuart Mill appointed as Chief Examiner.  The colonial minister of England during the Opium Wars was Edward Bulwer Lytton, who wrote the Treaty of Nanking in 1842, bringing England E21 million in silver and control over the free port of Hong Kong.  Britain then allied with the Hong Society, the Triads and Assassins, to rule the Chinese to the present time.  Bulwer Lytton’s son was Viceroy of India during the 1880s at the height of the opium trade, and sponsored Rudyard Kipling’s writings about the British Raj in India.  The profiteers from the drug trade included William, Earl of Shelburne, who organized Britain’s first Intelligence Service, whose agents were drawn from Britain’s leading families.  Its chairman was George Baring, and it employed Adam Smith, Jeremy Bentham, and Thomas Malthus.  The Geneva headquarters was run by the Mallet Prevost family, whose descendants include Allen Dulles of the CIA.

Basil Lubbock’s work, The Opium Clippers, 1933, lists the principal owners of British vessels engaged in the opium trade, with color illustrations of their flags.  Most of them were ex-slavers.  No. 1 was Hon. East India Co. (known to the Chinese as Hon John Co.);  2. Jardine Matheison;  3. Dent & Co.;  4. Pybus Bros.;  5. Russel & Co.;  6. Cama Bros.;  7. Duchess of Atholl;  8. Earl of Balcarras;  9. George IV;  10. Prince Regent;  11. Marquis of Camden;  12. Lady Melville.

On Feb. 1, 1927, the New York Times noted the passing of Sir Robert Jardine, “the son and heir of the late Sir Robert Jardine, and succeeded his father as the head of Jardine Mathieson & Co.  Hong Kong which for a long time held almost a monopoly in the importation of Indian opium into China.”  Sir Robert had inherited $20 million and 20,000 acres in Scotland.  Dr. William Jardine had settled in Canton in 1819.

The present Duke of Atholl owns 202,000 acres at Blair Castle, and is the only person in England authorized by the Crown to maintain a private army.  Lady Melville’s ancestor, George, the first Earl, welcomed William of Orange to the throne in 1688 and was appointed Lord Privy Seal.

In Paris, Banque Rothschild directors include Elie de Rothschild, director of New Court Securities, Banque Leumi de Israel, Five Arrows Fund N.V. Curacao;  Alain de Rothschild, Five Arrows Fund Guracao, Banque Lambert de Bruxelles;  Guy de Rothschild – Rio Tinto Zinc, New Court Securities, NY.;  Sir James Goldsmith;  Hubert Faure, Ambassador to Colombia, pres. Schneider Madrid and ten Otis companies;  Bernard de Villemejane, pres. Imetal, director Copperweld.  Sir James Goldsmith is also chmn. Generale Occidentale which owns Grand Union and Colonial food stores in the U.S., Cavenham USA and Banque Occidentale;  its directors include David de Rothschild (son of Guy), who is also director of Compagnie du Nord and Societe de Nickel.

Through the Belgian branch of the Rothschild family, we can trace the influence of the Rothschilds in Africa during the past century.  Baron Leon Lambert financed King Leopold’s Belgian empire;  the Congo Syndicate included Baron Empain (l’compagnie d’Orient) F. Philippson & Co., and Banque Outremer.  This syndicate was allied with Banque de Paris, the Anglo-Italian Group, and the Peking Syndicate.  The Congo empire camel into being in 1885 after Leopold had financed Stanley’s explorations.  It included an area the size of Poland, and produced fabulous returns from Congo rubber, ivory and slaves.  Later the Union Miniere acquired vast copper mines, the Compagnie de Katanga.  One of their most ruthless agents was Emile Francqui, who later became Hoover’s partner in China and in the Belgian Relief Commission;  his name survives at Congo’s Port Francqui.  The Congo interests are now controlled by the Lamberes through Societe Generale de Banque, which merged the Societe Generale de Belgique, the oldest bank in Brussels, founded in 1822, and Banque d’Anver, founded 1827;  its secretary is Baron Fauconval, a director of the Rockefeller Foundation.  Societe Generale acquired Union Miniere in Dec. 1981;  in 1972 it had acquired Compagnie Outremer, formerly Banque Outremer, and in Dec. 1964, had acquired 25% of SOFINA, Societe Financier de Transport & Enterprises Industrielles, the largest holding company in Europe.  These firms are controlled by the Rothschild bank, Banque Bruxelles Lambert, founded in 1840 by Baron Lambert.  The present Baron is director of Soceite Generale de Banque, and president of Compagnie Generale d’Enterprises Electricque which owns fifty power companies.

Banque Lambert de Bruxelles is also the Lambert of the Wall Street firm of Drexel Burnham Lambert, owning 19% of it.

Gerard Eskenazi is director of Compagnie Generale;  he is also managing director of Electrorail S.A., a holding company for Schneider S.A., European Trading and African Corp., and Canadian Investment Trust.  The president of Electrorail is Baron Empain.  Eskenazi is also director of Compagnie International des Wagons Lits (Thomas Cook travel agency).  Baron Edouard Empain and his son Baron Francois Empain are also directors of Compagnie Generale.

Another Belgian holding company, Delhaizes Frere et Cie Leon, established 1867, now owns Food Giant and Food Town Stores in the U.S., renamed Food Lion.

Through Banque Bruxelles and its interlocking companies, the Rothschilds effectively control Belgium.  They also interlock with the Thurn und Taxis interests in Germany.  Prince Johannes Erbprinz Thurn und Taxis is said to be the richest man in Europe, controlling Bayerische Vereinsbank, fourth largest bank in Germany, which has four subsidiaries in Frankfurt, including Bankhaus Gebruder Bethmann.  Bethmann-Hollweg of this family had been Chancellor under Kaiser Wilhelm, and had set off World War I.  He was a cousin of the Rothschilds.  Bayerische Vereinsbank also owns controlling interest in Banque de Paris et dea Payes, and Banque de l’Europeene Paris.  Thurn und Taxis is a direct descendant of William of Orange, who chartered the Bank of England;  his mother, the Princess of Braganza of the former ruling house of Portugal, has three direct family connections with the present House of Windsor;  Prince Thurn und Taxis also has four connections with the House of Windsor.

The Thurn und Taxis family has enjoyed eight hundred years of prominence in Europe.  Originally Tasso of Bergamo, they later emigrated to Brussels.  They supervised the postal service and intelligence of the Most Serene Republic of Venice, and later fulfilled the same post in the Hapsburg Empire.  The present Prince has huge estates in Brazil;  he is the financial adviser of the Rolling Stones;  and his palace of St. Emmerans is larger than Buckingham Palace;  it costs 2.5 million DM a year to maintain.  The Regensburg branch of the family was allied with the Fuggers and the Wessers.  They now finance the Pan European Union which is headed by the Hapsburg heir, Archduke Otto, and the Mont Pelerin Society, a subsidiary of Pan Europe.

The House of Hesse, which played such a crucial role in the founding of the Rothschild fortune, and in the founding of America, seldom appears in the news.  On Nov. 17, 1937, six members of the family were killed in the crash of a Sabena airliner at the fog-shrouded Ostend airport.  The head of the family, Grand Duke Ernst Ludwig (who had tried to end World War I by a desperate mission into Russia to confer with the Czar) had died on Oct. 9, causing the postponing of Prince Ludwig’s marriage to Margaret Campbell Geddes in London for seven weeks.  Grand Duke George, the new head of the family, his wife Princess Cecilia of Greece and Denmark, two sons and the Dowager Duchess, as well as the newly born son of Princess Gecilia, were all killed.  The child’s unexpected arrival apparently caused the tragedy, as the pilot tried to land at Ottend, an unscheduled stop.  Prince Ludwig, social attache at the German Embassy in London, went ahead with the wedding on the following day;  his best man was his cousin Prince Louis Mountbatten.  Two princes of Hesse had married two daughters of Queen Victoria;  Beatrice had married Prince Henry of Battenberg;  grandfather of the present husband of Queen Elizabeth.

Prince Ludwig’s father-in-law, Sir Auckland Campbell Geddes, also had a Rothschild connection;  he was chmn. of Rio Tinto.  He served as Minister of National Service, 1917-19, British Ambassador to the U.S., 1920-24.  His brother, Sir Eric Geddes, was a member of the Imperial War Cabinet and First Lord of the Admiralty 1917-18, Minister of National Transport 1919-21, and later chmn. Imperial Airways and Dunlop Rubber.  His son, Sir Anthony Geddes, married into the Matthey family, became director of the Bank of England, dep. chmn. Midland Bank, director Shell Transport & Trading, and is now chmn Dunlop Holdings.  Sir Auckland’s son, the 2d Baron, was with Shell Oil 1931-46, British Merchant Shipping Mission in Washington, 1942-44, Minister of War Transport, 1944-45, and is now director of Peninsular & Orient Steamship Lines.

On June 7, 1946, the New York Times headlined a front page story from Frankfort-on-Main;  the army was seeking $1,500,000 in stolen jewels, later revised to $3 million value.  The jewels, belonging to the House of Hesse, had been hidden in their cellar of their castle in 1944.  They belonged to Princess Margaretha, sister of Kaiser Wilhelm.  A party of U.S. Army officers had held a party at the Hesse castle to celebrate the anniversary of D-Day.  During the party, they discovered 1600 bottles of wine buried in the cellar;  beneath the wine they found the jewels.  Ten of the celebrants drank the wine and divided up the jewels.  Maj. Gen. J.M. Bevans, who was reprimanded, later returned his part of the loot.  Wac. Captain Kathleen Durant and her husband, Col. J. Durant were tried after two quarts of diamonds were dug up in the backyard of their Falls Church home.  Maj. David Watson also was sentenced;  he had been previously awarded the Bronze Medal personally by Gen. Eisenhower for his supply work, and also received the Russian Medal for Battle Merit from Marshal Zhukov.

The House of Hesse is also known for the Curse of Hesse, their introduction of the family disease of hemophilia into many of the ruling houses of Europe, particularly the Spanish Royal Family and the Romanov family in Russia.

Old Mayer Amschel’s heritage has survived intact, according to the Washington Post, Dec. 20, 1984, which notes that Frankfurt-am-Main is the financial capital of Germany, headquarters of the five dominant German banks, with 175 foreign banks established there.  It also is headquarters for the Central Bank, and the country’s largest stock exchange.  Like Manhattan, it is also a center of vice and corruption, with sex shops, drugs, and frequent riots because of the presence of 11,000 American occupation troops.

Penetration of the United States is shown by a fullpage ad in the Wall Street Journal Dec. 21, 1984, a solicitation to purchase all the outstanding shares of Scovill, Inc. by First City Properties, Inc. with the deal managed by Rothschild, Inc.  One Rockefeller Plaza, New York.  “First City” is the Rothschild code for banks originating under their influence from the “City of London” financial district.  First City Properties, Beverly Hills, Calif., is headed by Samuel Belzberg, who also heads First City Financial Corp.  Vancouver, First City Trust, Edmonton, and First City Development Ltd.  He is a director of Dead Sea Canal Co.  The Belzbergs started in Canada with a used furniture store (rag and bone men), and are now influential wheeler dealers on the American stock market.

Rothschilds Inc., established at the Rockefeller address, is successor to Banque Rothschild of Paris.  Its co-chairmen are Guy de Rothschild and Evelyn de Rothschild.  Directors are Lord Rothschild, head of N.M. Rothschilds & Sons, London;  David de Rothschild, Nathaniel de Rothschild, Eric de Rothschild;  Thomas L. Piper III, sr. vp Dillon Read and manager of the Rothschild’s New Court Securities;  its managing director is Wilbur L. Ross Jr., who is also director of Peabody International, and N.M. Rothschild’s & Sons International.  Other directors of Rothschild International include John Loudon, former chairman of Shell Oil, director of Ford Motor Co., the Ford Foundation, Orion Bank and chairman of Atlantic Institute.  He is a Grand Officer of the Order of Orange-Nassau, a group formed to commemorate the chartering of the Bank of England by William of Orange in 1694.  Another director of Rothschild Inc. is G. Peter Fleck, born in Amsterdam, chairman New Court Securities, formerly with Erlangers, and the Banque de Pays de L’Europe Central of Paris, cited by Higham as a key bank during Nazi occupation of France.  Fleck is also officer of the Order of Orange-Nassau.

Banque de Pays de L’Europe of Paris, (Paribas) was recently bought by Merrill Lynch.  Paribas bought 50% of Dillon Read Ltd. in a consortium with Bruxelles Lambert (the Belgian Rothschilds), the Power Group and the Laurentian group of Canada, the Tata Group of India, Elders IXL holding company of Australia, Swiss Bank Cantrade, and two British groups, Investors in Industry, a Bank of England group with nine English and Scottish banks, and the British postal pension fund.

Power Corp. of Canada directors included G. Eskenazi, of Belgian Rothschild firms, and William Simon, former Secretary of the Treasury of the U.S.  The “Canadian connection”, the Belzbergs and Bronfmans, demonstrates the growing power of the Rothschilds in billion dollar mergers and takeovers of U.S. industry, including DuPont.  These mergers recall the same kind of activity taking place in 1929, just before the stock market debacle, and represent the battening down of the hatches before the storm.

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THE WORLD ORDER CHAPTER FIVE

http://yamaguchy.netfirms.com/mullins/worldord_05.html Eustace Mullins THE WORLD ORDER A Study in the Hegemony of Parasitism CHAPTER FIVE THE CIA On May 24, 1979, a 14 ft. bronze statue of General William J. Donovan was dedicated in front of Columbia University’s Law School.  The dedication speech was delivered by John J. McCloy, who had been Asst. Sec. of War when Donovan founded the Office of Strategic Services in World War II.  When Donovan died on Feb. 8, 1959, the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, Allen W. Dulles, sent a message to all CIA stations around the world, “Bill Donovan was the father of central intelligence.  He was a great leader.” International intelligence, or, as it was formerly known, espionage, was not founded by either Donovan or Dulles, who were merely employees of the World Order.  The Order founded international espionage to protect their far reaching investments and dealings in slaves, drugs and gold, the commodities on which their wealth was built. On Nov. 17, 1843, the Port of Shanghai was opened to foreign traders.  Lot No. 1 was rented by Jardine Mathieson & Co.  Other entrepreneurs were Dent & Co., and Samuel Russell, an American who represented Baring Brothers.  Captain Warren Delano, Franklin D. Roosevelt’s grandfather, became a charter member of the Canton Regatta Club, and entered into dealings with the Hong Society.  Dr. Emmanuel Josephson states, “Warren Delano, Frederic A. Delano’s father, founded his fortune on smuggling opium into China.”  His son, Frederic A. Delano, was born in Hong Kong, and later became the first vice chairman of the Federal Reserve Board in 1914. Although he was the son of an Irish wardheeler, William J. Donovan studied law at Columbia from 1903 to 1908.  His grades were said to be “atrocious”, but one of his professors, Harlan F. Stone, took a liking to him.  Another protege of Stone was J. Edgar Hoover.  As Attorney General Stone shocked Washington by naming Hoover director of the Bureau of Investigation.  Another Columbia professor who liked Donovan was Jackson E. Reynolds, later president of the First National Bank of N.Y. who backed Donovan’s selection as head of OSS.  One of Donovan’s Columbia classmates was Franklin Delano Roosevelt. In 1910, Donovan met Eleanor Robson, an actress who later married August Belmont, American representative of the Rothschilds.  There was no question of their marriage – he was looking for a rich wife, she was looking for a rich husband – they began a relationship which lasted for years.  Donovan also courted Blanche Lopez, of a wealthy tobacco family, who lived in Rumson, N.J.  He then returned to Buffalo, where he opened a law practice.  He met Ruth Rumsey, and abruptly dropped Blanche Lopez, never contacting her again.  Ruth Rumsey was heiress of one of the richest families in America.  Her father, Dexter Rumsey, and her uncle Bronson owned 22 of Bufflao’s 43 square miles.  In 1890, Dexter Rumsey was worth $10 million.  His wife was a member of the wealthy Hazard family of Rhode Island, who had owned one thousand slaves, and were the largest slave owners in America.  The Rumseys were Masters of the Genesee Valley Hunt, the most exclusive hunt club in the U.S.  Dexter Rumsey died in 1906, leaving his son and daughter 12½% each of his fortune in trust.  Bill Donovan’s courtship of Ruth Rumsey was complicated by the reappearance in Buffalo of Eleanor Robson, now Mrs. August Belmont.  She turned up at the Studio Club, an acting group run by Katharine Cornell’s father, where Donovan had the juvenile lead.  La Robson requested that Donovan come to her suite in New York each weekend for “drama lessons”.  Donovan then took the long train ride to New York City each weekend, causing considerable gossip in Buffalo, where he was already widely known for his philandering.  Nevertheless, Ruth Rumsey had determined to marry him, probably because her family was so strongly opposed.  Friends of the family stated that had Dexter Rumsey lived, he would never have allowed this marriage to take place, because of Donovan’s age;  he was 31;  his religion, Irish Catholic;  and his philandering.  The Rumseys were Episcopalian, but Donovan persuaded his wife to bring up their children as Roman Catholics.  His brother was a priest.  After the marriage, Donovan and his wife moved into the Rumsey family mansion at 742 Delaware Ave. in Buffalo. Because of his New York connections, the Rockefeller Foundation selected Donovan to go to Europe on a “War Relief Mission” in 1915, the first of many assignments from the World Order.  He was to be separated from Ruth Donovan continually during the next three years.  While in London, he worked with Ambassador Walter Nelson Page, William Stephenson, who later “advised” him on setting up the OSS, and Herbert Hoover.  Donovan spent five weeks in Belgium as an observer with Hoover’s Belgian Relief Commission. When the U.S. entered World War I, Donovan helped organize the “Rainbow” Division, and was given command of the “Fighting 69th”.  He fought at Landes et Landes St. George, in the Meuse-Argonne sector, where, although wounded, he charged a German machine gun squad on Oct. 15, 1918 with his bayonet.  For this feat, he was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor.  His bravery was the subject of wide publicity in the American press, and Current Biography later stated he was the most famous man in the A.E.F.  He was with Joyce Kilmer, the poet, when Kilmer was shot down.  In 1919 and 1920, Donovan was sent on secret missions to China and Siberia. After the war, J.P. Morgan established the Foreign Commercial Corp. to float $2 billion in bonds in postwar Europe.  In February, 1920, he asked Donovan to make a secret tour of Europe to obtain intelligence relating to these bonds.  Cave Brown described this mission, “Having helped to finance the war, Morgan wished to help finance the peace by expanding the House of Morgan’s interests widely ..... These activities required the best intelligence from the best sources in Europe.  Donovan and the Rainbow Division intelligence officer, Grayson Mallet-Prevost Murphy, had been retained by John Lord O’Brian’s firm to obtain that intelligence, working in secrecy.”  Morgan reportedly paid Donovan $200,000 for this operation. During his European reconnaissance, Donovan met Adolf Hitler at Berchtesgaden, and spent an evening with him in his room at Pension Moritz.  Donovan later claimed he had not known who Hitler was, but that he found him a “fascinating talker”. In 1922, Donovan was appointed U.S. District Attorney for New York.  In 1924, Atty. Gen. Harlan F. Stone, Donovan’s Columbia law professor, asked him to come to Washington as Asst. Atty. Gen.  Donovan and his wife bought a house in Georgetown (later the home of Katharine Meyer) at 1637 30th St.  Donovan’s first official act was to demand that Stone fire J. Edgar Hoover from the Bureau of Investigation.  Instead, Stone, who was Hoover’s patron as well as Donovan’s, appointed Hoover Director of the Bureau of Investigation Dec. 18, 1924. Donovan also became involved in another political football, the prosecution of Senator Burton K. Wheeler.  Wheeler was defended by Senator Tom Walsh, one of the most powerful politicians in Washington, but Donovan, against all advice to the contrary, insisted on proceeding with the prosecution.  It was said that the charges against Wheeler were “ludicrous”, and Stone asked Donovan to drop the case, but he stubbornly proceeded to indict Wheeler before a District of Columbia grand jury.  When the case was tried in Great Falls, the jury deliberated only ten minutes before bringing in a verdict of acquittal for Wheeler. Such a boner would have destroyed the careers of most men in Washington, but Donovan was under the protection of Herbert Hoover, his associate from World War I.  Between 1924 and 1928, he was Hoover’s closest associate.  Hoover took him to the Bohemian Club, the sacrosanct West Coast powerhouse where he was the directing figure.  Hoover then persuaded President Coolidge to appoint Donovan to the Colorado River Commission, a seven state authority which organized the proposals for the Hoover Dam (later renamed the Boulder Dam by FDR, and still later, renamed the Hoover Dam by Act of Congress in 1947.)  During the 1920s, Republican politicians favored the nomination of Dawes for president.  Although it seemed that he was backing a sure loser, Donovan worked as Hoover’s top strategist for four years.  When Hoover was nominated on the first ballot at the Republican Convention (a tribute to the power of the Rothschilds), Donovan wrote his acceptance speech.  It was understood that Donovan was to be Hoover’s running mate.  However, Hoover immediately realized that because he was running against Al Smith, a Roman Catholic, he would lose the massive anti-catholic vote if he picked Donovan, also a Roman Catholic, as his running mate.  Hoover had no intention of losing his trump card in the forthcoming election.  He cast Donovan aside without a second thought, and even refused to consider him for a cabinet post, such as Attorney General, probably the only time in American politics that the architect of a successful Presidential campaign was denied a position on the team or in the Cabinet. The disheartened Donovan decided to forego political life.  In 1929, he organized the law firm of Donovan, Leisure, Newton and Irvine, with offices at 2 Wall St.  He also took a 23 room suite at the Shoreham Hotel for the firm’s Washington offices.  During ensuing years, Donovan rarely saw his wife, although they were never legally separated.  Dunlop’s biography of Donovan notes that “He always had his pick of feminine admirers.  To many of the women he met, Donovan was irresistible.”  Ruth Donovan stayed at their summer home on the South Shore of Massachusetts, or at their New York apartment on Beekman Place. Despite his disappointment with Hoover, Donovan continued to take an active role in national politics.  He ran Knox’s campaign for the Republican nomination in 1936, and his firm defended American Telephone and Telegraph in an anti-trust suit by the government.  Donovan won handily, which brought in a new influx of business to his firm. In 1937, Donovan renewed his association with the Rothschilds.  The Viennese branch of the family had lost extensive holdings in Bohemia when the Nazis moved into Czechoslovakia.  Because Donovan had already established a network of informants in the highest echelons of the Nazi government, including Admiral Canaris, the Rothschilds asked him to salvage their interests.  He went to Germany to argue their case, but despite his important contacts, he was defeated by Hitler’s view of the Rothschilds as a symbol of what he hoped to achieve in his battle against “the international bankers”.  The Rothschilds were not overly concerned;  they knew that World War II was on its way, and that the outcome had been decided in advance. Donovan won another important legal victory in 1937, when he and a staff of 57 lawyers defended 18 oil firms against anti-trust charges.  His clients were let off with nominal fines, and once again Donovan was considered the winner. His German contacts now invited him to observe the Nuremberg maneuvers, as a guest of the German General Staff.  He also accompanied them on a trip to observe the progress of the Spanish Civil War.  Although he was there as an invited guest of “the Fascists”, Donovan was soon to build the OSS around the hard core of the Communist Lincoln Brigade.  He met Kim Philby in Spain, who was writing about the Civil War as a “pro-Nazi” journalist, a pose he carried off successfully despite his recent marriage to Litzi Friedmann, a fanatical Communist and Zionist provocateur. On April 10, 1940, Donovan’s daughter, Patricia wrecked her car near Fredericksburg, Va. and was killed.  She was his only daughter;  there was also one son, David, who married Mary Grandin, Patricia’s roommate at boarding school, and heiress of a wealthy Philadelphia family.  Associates said that Donovan never got over his daughter’s death.  Because he had received the Congressional Medal of Honor, Patricia was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.  His grief-stricken wife left for a round the world cruise on Irving Johnson’s ship, Yankee. On May 29, 1940, William Stephenson arrived in New York with a letter to Donovan from Admiral Blinker Hall, a British Naval Intelligence officer whom Donovan had met in 1916.  The letter proposed an American intelligence agency, although we were not at war.  Franklin D. Roosevelt sent Donovan to London with orders to develop this program, as an “unofficial observer”.  Despite efforts at secrecy, there was widespread journalistic speculation about his mission for Roosevelt.  He then made a tour of southeast Europe for the President, gauging the status of the German occupied countries.  Although this was an obvious espionage mission, the Germans placed no obstacles in his path.  They were anxious to maintain good relations with the United States. After Donovan delivered his report to the President, he was named Coordinator of Information by the White House.  Because he had had no experience in propaganda work, the office was later split into the Office of War Information, Executive Order 9128, and the Office of Strategic Services, Military Order of June 13, 1942.  Donovan was placed in charge of the OSS. The “new” agency was from the outset merely an outpost of British Intelligence.  On Sept. 18, 1941, Col. E.I. Jacob, Churchill’s military secretary, was informed by Maj. Desmond Morton Church, Churchill’s liason with the British secret service,     “Another most secret fact of which the Prime Minister is aware is that to all intents and purposes U.S. Security is being run for them at the President’s request by the British.  A British officer sits in Washington with Mr. Edgar Hoover and General Bill Donovan for this purpose.  It is of course essential that this fact should not be known.” For some months, Donovan had been living in a suite at the St. Regis Hotel in New York.  He and William Stephenson had been meeting regularly since 1940 to organize the new agency.  Stephenson was working directly under Col. Stewart Menzies, head of Special Operations Executive, the top British intelligence agency.  As cover, Menzies was Colonel in the Life Guards, the escort troop of the King.  Stephenson was head of SIS, (Special Intelligence Section).  When Donovan had left for London July 15, 1940 on his mission for Roosevelt, Stephenson had wired London, “Col. Wm. J. Donovan, personally representing the President, left yesterday by clipper.  U.S. Embassy not, repeat, not being informed.” This was a replay of the House-Wilson-Wiseman operation during World War I.  Not only were the American people left in the dark, but concerned agencies were never told what the conspirators had planned.  Donovan’s London mission was a slap in the face to the U.S. Ambassador, Joseph Kennedy.  Roosevelt called Donovan “my secret legs”, and he assured Stephenson in a private interview, “I’m your biggest undercover agent.” In “A Man Called Intrepid”, Stephenson is quoted as saying that after April, 1939, “The President was one of us.”  It was also in 1939 that Roosevelt privately told Mackenzie King, Prime Minister of Canada and a longtime Rockefeller agent, “Our frontier is on the Rhine.”  This same book quotes Churchill as saying, on the eve of war, “We need Rockefeller and Rothschild.”  Stephenson replied, “I can find the Rockefellers and they’ll support us.  We can offer our secret intelligence in return for help.” Indeed, the Rockefellers gave Stephenson an entire floor rent free at Rockefeller Center, where the agency has operated ever since.  A later book, “Intrepid’s Last Case” notes that “What some would later call the secret SIS Secret Occupation of Manhattan began in 1990.  By 1941, J. Edgar Hoover was complaining that the Rockefeller Center headquarters of British Security Coordination controlled an army of British secret agents, a group of nine distinct secret agencies.  Attorney General Biddle was quoted as saying ‘The truth is nobody knows anything about what Stephenson does’.” Had “anyone” known, Stephenson would have had to be arrested and deported.  German sailors were being deliberately murdered by Stephenson’s provocateurs in New York as acts designed to force Hitler to declare war against the United States.  The INTREPID file in SOE (Stephenson’s cover name) described it as “a reign of terror conducted by specially trained agents and fortified by espionage and intelligence in Occupied Europe.”  Every act of Donovan and Stephenson was a violation of American neutrality.  Donovan’s law office at 2 Wall Street was next to the Passport Control Office.  He had special passports prepared for Stephenson’s British agents.  Stephenson had offices at three locations, Hampshire House, Dorset Hotel, and Rockefeller Center.  Allen Dulles had opened a branch office of Coordinator of Information at Rockefeller Center in 1940.  He evicted all the tenants on the 25th floor of 30 Rockefeller Plaza, which was the floor above the UK Commercial Corporation, whose president was William Stephenson.  This agency was set up after Stephenson complained on April 14, 1941 that Standard Oil was supplying the Germans through Spain, and that it was acting as a hostile and dangerous agency of the enemy.  A 400 page report by Stephenson listing Standard Oil and other American corporations dealings with the Germans was turned over to the FBI in 1941.  J. Edgar Hoover prudently buried it. Nelson Rockefeller, as Coordinator of Inter American Affairs, covered up the supplying of German military forces from his South American subsidiaries.  Listed in the Stephenson Report were Standard Oil, I.G. Farben, a subsidiary of Standard Oil;  Ford Motor Co.;  Bayer Aspirin (Sterling Drug);  General Aniline and Film;  Ansco; and International Telephone and Telegraph.  Co. Sosthenes Behn, head of ITT, had hosted a lavish conference of German intelligence operatives at the Waldorf Astoria in 1940.  The German director of ITT was Baron Kurt von Schroder, of the Schroder banking family of Cologne, London and New York, who was Hitler’s personal banker. The OSS was actually set up by four members of the British Chief of Staff:  Lord Louis Mountbatten (formerly Battenberg), a cousin of the King, and related to the Frankfort banking families, Rothschild and Cassel;  Charles Hambro, director of Special Operations Executive, and director of Hambros Bank;  Col. Stewart Menzies, head of Secret Intelligence Service;  and William Stephenson, in charge of SIS American operations.  An ancestor of Col. Menzies had been a notorious Jacobite double agent during the last days of James II’s reign.  The present Menzies was the son of Lady Holford;  he married Lady Sackville, daughter of the 8th Earl de la Warre, of the Sackville-West family which owned historic Knole;  second, he married Pamela Beckett, daughter of J.Rupert Beckett, chmn of Westminster Bank, now National Westminster Bank, one of England’s Big Five.  Menzies’ mother-in-law was the daughter of Lord Berkeley Paget, Marquess of Anglesey. Menzies’ daughter married Lord Edward Hay, Marquess of Tweedsdale, Earl of Kinoull, related to Countess of Errol.  The present Sir Peter Menzies is a director of National Westminster Bank, treasurer of the giant Imperial Chemical Industries, and director of Commercial Union Assurance Co. In the British Who’s Who, 1950, Col. Menzies noted that he had been appointed “C”, head of MI6 from 1939-51, but in later editions, he omitted this information. Ford states in his “Acknowledgements”, “Lord Mountbatten of Burma was a close personal friend of Donovan as one of the four members of the British Chief of Staff Committee which helped Donovan in the formation and operation of Office of Strategic Services.” The “American” secret service was never anything but a British operation, directed at all levels by representatives of the British Crown.  OSS agents received advanced training for the European theater at Bletchley Park, British espionage headquarters.  This site was chosen because it was only ten miles from Woburn Abbey, where Lord Beaverbrook’s agent, Sefton Delmer, operated the British “dirty tricks” center and other propaganda activities.  Woburn Abbey was the ancestral home of the Duke of Bedford, Marquess of Tavistock.  The British Bureau of Psychological, Warfare operated as the Tavistock Institute. The membership list of CFR members in 1946 reveals the names of many OSS and OWI operatives;  Lyman Bryson, who was with the American Red Cross in Paris, 1918-19, chief of special operations, OWI 1942, and a director of CBS;  Thomas W. Childs, Rhodes Scholar, Paris representative of Sullivan & Cromwell (the Dulles law firm), exec. asst. to British Govt.  War Supply US, British Embassy, Washington, 1940-45, partner Lazard Freres 1995-48, holds Order of the British Empire, leader in English-Speaking Union;  Nicholas Roosevelt, American Commission to Negotiate Peace, Paris, 1919, OWI 1942-43;  Joseph Barnes, director OWI’s Foreign Operations, organized Willkie’s world tour 1942, coined the phrase “One World”, identified as a Communist agent;  Elmo Roper, the famed pollsterSS agent 1942-45; Gaudens Megaro, chief Italian Section OSS 194;-045;  Henry Sturgis Morgan, son of J.P. Morgan, director Pullman, General Electric; Shepard Morgan, London director OSS 1943-44, was with Federal Reserve Bank of New York 1916-24, director reparations payments Berlin 1924-30 supervised by Chase Natl. Bank, later chmn Natl Bureau of Economic Research, the Rockefeller propaganda operation;  John Gardner, OSS Europe 1999-45, then joined the Carnegie Corp.;  Allen W. Dulles chief OSS Europe, director J. Henry Schroder, later first director CIA;  John Haskell, OSS 1943-44, formerly with Natl City Co.1925-31. Another son of J.P. Morgan, Junius, was placed in charge of OSS finances.  Paul Mellon and his brother-in-law, David Bruce joined OSS – Bruce was in charge of the London office, later was Ambassador to France.  OSS also had operatives from the Vanderbilt, Archbold, DuPont and Ryan families, giving rise to the quip that OSS meant “Oh So Social”.  James Paul Warburg, son of Paul (who had written the Federal Reserve Act), was Donovan’s personal assistant in setting up OSS.  William J. Casey, present head of CIA, was chief of secret intelligence OSS Europe. In Feb. 1981, OSS veterans held a gala reunion in New York.  Present were Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister of England;  Julia Child;  Beverly Woodner, Hollywood designer;  John Shaheen, who had been chief of OSS Special Projects now a wealthy oil man;  Ernest Cuneo, who had been liaison between OSS and FDR;  Arthur Goldberg, labor lawyer and Zionist leader, later Supreme Court Justice and U.S. Ambassador to the U.N.;  Bill Colby, later chief of CIA;  and Temple Fielding, the travel authority who began his travel expertise with OSS.  One of OSS’ most famous agents who didn’t show up, was Ho Chi Minh. OSS agents became prominent members of “the new class” in Washington;  Archibald MacLeish became Librarian of Congress;  Ralph Bunche became U.S. Representative to the U.N.;  S. Dillon Ripley became head of the Smithsonian. Donovan had been chosen to head the OSS because of two decades in which he carried out secret missions for the Morgans, the Rockefellers and the Rothschilds.  When he staffed the agency with known Communists, they offered no objection.  He had earlier provided unpaid legal help for members of the Communist mercenary force, the Abraham Lincoln Brigade.  Now he welcomed these veteran “anti-Fascists” into OSS.  Ford writes, “In the OSS employment of pro-communists was approved at very high levels.  OSS often welcomed the services of Marxist enthusiasts.” When J. Edgar Hoover, eager to embarrass a rival, sent agents to Donovan with FBI dossiers on Communist OSS employees, Donovan replied, “I know they’re Communists–that’s why I hired them.”  Donovan loaded OSS with such fanatical Communists that they became a joke in Washington.  He appointed Dr. Maurice Halperin Chief Latin American Div. OSS.  Halperin regularly altered the information which came across his desk to fit the current party line.  He often kept his office locked, causing other OSS employees to joke that “Halperin must be having another cell meeting.”  After the war, J. Edgar Hoover testified before Congress about Halperin’s Communist background.  Halperin later moved to Moscow, then to Havana. Despite the damning dossiers which J. Edgar Hoover maintained on leading Communists in the OSS, he could find no politician willing to buck FDR’s three White House assistants, Hiss, Currie and White.  Eleanor Roosevelt had been one of the most frenetic activists on behalf of the Lincoln Brigade.  Joe Lash gave her a small bronze of a Communist soldier, which she kept on her desk for the rest of her life.  Donovan even appointed Irving Goff head of OSS in Italy after the Salerno landing.  Goff had been commander of the Lincoln Brigade, and was later chairman of the Communist Party in Louisiana and New York. The Spanish Civil War had created an alliance between American “intellectuals” and the Communists.  In “Passionate Years”, Peter Wyden reports that Archivist Victor A. Berch, of Brandeis University, said 40% of the Lincoln Brigade were Jewish.  Oddly enough, the “Fascists”, the Falange, was led by two marranos, General Franco and his financial backer, Juan March.  March paid for Franco’s return to Spain with a $2 million credit at Kleinwort’s of London.  In July, 1936, March placed $82 million of securities in Nationalist accounts.  He deposited $1.5 billion in gold at the Bank of Italy, 121.5 metric tons greater than the gold reserve of most nations. The Communists stole the Spanish gold reserve and shipped it to Russia.  NKVD General Alexander Orlov, on orders from “Ivan Vasilyevitch”, a rare code name for Stalin, loaded Spain’s gold reserve on the Soviet ship Komsomol Oct. 25, 1936;  it arrived in Odessa Nov. 2, and was trucked to Moscow’s Precious Metals Deposit, Gohkran, $788 million.  $240 million had also been shipped to France from Spain. The Lincoln volunteers surrendered their passports to NKVD officers when they arrived in Spain.  These passports were then routinely used in Communist espionage.  The murderer of Trotsky was arrested in Mexico with a Canadian passport issued to Tony Babich, who was killed in the Civil War.  Gouzenko later exposed a Communist agent in Los Angeles using the passport of Ignacy Witczak.  Witnesses saw stacks of these Lincoln passports stacked in the Lubianka prison, waiting to be used. Ernest Hemingway wrote that “The Spanish Civil War was the happiest time of our lives.”  He modelled his hero in “For Whom the Bell Tolls” on Robert Merriman, a Moscow agent who was receiving a $900 a year fellowship from the University of California.  Hemingway wrote and produced a film, “The Spanish Earth” to raise money for the Communists, aided by Archibald Macleish, Dashiell Hammett and Lillian Hellmann.  Hemingway put up $2750 for the film, and donated all his royalties.  He toured Hollywood to raise funds for the Communists, an effort reciprocated when they named his book “For Whom the Bell Tolls” a book-of-the-Month Club selection and a multi-million dollar Hollywood production.  This was how one achieved “artistic success” in the 1940’s. The English contingent fighting in Spain for the Communists included Virginia Woolf’s nephew, Julian Bell, who was killed, and Eric Blair, later known as George Orwell.  He was in the front line for 112 days before being wounded.  He later wrote “1984” a propaganda coup for the World Order which claimed no one would be able to withstand their power.  He concluded “1984” with the observation that the future would be marked by a jackboot being stamped into the human face forever. Journalists to a man rallied to the Communist cause.  A.M. Rosenthal, executive editor of the New York Times, said of his brother-in-law, George Watt, Commissar of the Lincoln Battalion, “God, how I admired that man.  He was my hero.”  Herbert L. Matthews wrote in 1946, “Nothing so wonderful will ever happen to me again as those two and a half years 1 spent in Spain.  There I learned that men could be brothers.  Today, wherever in this world I meet a man or woman who fought for Spanish liberty I meet a kindred soul.  Nothing will ever break that bond.  We left our hearts there.”  Despite his despair, Matthews was able to relive the glory of Spanish years when he promoted Castro and a band of six guerillas into the dictatorship of Cuba, through a frenetic propaganda barrage in the New York Times. Kim Philby, later active with the OSS and CIA as British Liaison also was prominent in the Spanish Civil War.  Son of the famed Arabist, Sir Harold Philby, he joined the Cambridge Socialist Society in 1929.  He worked for the British Treasury 1932-33 and was recruited by the communist party.  In 1934, in Vienna, he married Litzi Friedmann, a communist agent.  Witness at the marriage was Teddy Kollek, later a fundraiser for the Israeli terrorists, now Mayor of Tel Aviv. Working as a Soviet mole, Philby was financed by the Schroder Bank in 1934 to publish a pro-Hitler magazine for the Anglo-German Fellowship.  The Times then sent him to Spain to cover the Civil War.  He took as his mistress the divorced wife of Sir Anthony Lindsay-Hogg, Frances Doble, a Falangist sympathizer whose Salamanca palace became his Spanish headquarters.  The daughter of a Canadian banker, Doble lavishly entertained the Falangist leaders.  Philby Frequently met General Franco there. Philby was recruited for the British SIS in 1940.  In 1942, he helped Norman Holmes Pearson, a Yale professor who specialized in the work of Ezra Pound, to set up the London office of OSS with Charles Hambro chief of SOE.  In 1949, Philby was sent to Washington as SIS liaison officer with the CIA and FBI.  J. Edgar Hoover frequently lunched at Harvey’s Restaurant with Philby and James Angleton of the CIA.  While CIA station chief in Rome, Angleton worked closely with the Zionist terrorists Teddy Kollek and Jacob Meridor, and later became chief of the Israeli desk at the CIA, helping Philby to set up the lavishly funded international Mossad espionage operation, all paid for by American taxpayers.  A senior CIA security official, C. Edward Petty, later reported that Angleton might be a Soviet penetration agent or mole, but President Gerald Ford suppressed the report. Top secret files of the CIA and FBI were opened to Philby, despite widespread claims that he was a Soviet agent.  Although he helped Burgess and MacLean defect to Russia in 1951, he continued to work for SIS until 1956, under the protection of Harold MacMillan, who defended him publicly in parliamentary debate.  In 1962 and Englishwoman at a party in Israel said, “As usual Kim is doing what his Russian Control tells him.  I know that he always worked for the Reds.”  Miles Copeland says that Philby placed a mole in deep cover in the CIA known as “Mother”.  Philby was quoted as saying, “Foreign agencies spying on the U.S. Government know exactly what one person in the CIA wants them to know, no more and no less.”  Philby was finally exposed by a defector, Michael Goleniewski.  On Jan. 23, 1963, Philby left Beirut and defected to Moscow, where he became a Lt. Gen. in the KGB.  On June 10, 1984, Tad Szulc wrote in the Washington Post that Philby was never a Soviet agent, according to CIA memoranda introduced in a lawsuit, but that he was a triple agent.  This explains curious paradoxes in the supposed rivalry between the CIA and the KGB, when certain charmed souls float easily back and forth between the two services.  Agents of either service are “eliminated” when they find out more than is good for them about this odd arrangement. “Intrepid’s Last Case” states that “For 38 years there was an official NKVD mission in London whose agents were assisted by both British Special Operations and the American OSS.  Only now is it clear that Moscow had received hundreds of top secret OSS research studies;  and that the British had supplied guerilla warfare expertise to the chief of the NKVD’s subversive operations, Col. A.P. Ossikov !” In 1993, Donovan was sent on a special mission to Moscow, to establish a permanent alliance between the OSS and the NKVD.  Donovan, W. Averill Harriman, and Lt. Gen. Fitin and Maj. Gen A.P. Ossikov of the NKVD worked out a plan to establish offices of the NKVD in key American cities.  On Feb. 10, 1944, J. Edgar Hoover sent a confidential message to Harry Hopkins, “I have just learned from a confidential source that a liaison arrangement has been perfected between the OSS and the NKVD whereby officers will be exchanged between the services;  the NKVD will set up an office in Washington.”  Hopkins was forced to contact Atty. Gen. Biddle to alert the Dept. of justice to this operation;  because of the coming election, Roosevelt prudently withdrew his support for the plan. Because of their co-operation with the NKVD and the prominent Communists in OSS, General Douglas MacArthur refused to allow any OSS agent in his theater of operations in the Pacific.  Donovan went to MacArthur’s headquarters on April 2, 1944 and made a personal appeal to him, but was rebuffed.  MacArthur considered the OSS agents more dangerous to American Security than any military opponents.  In Donovan’s Washington headquarters, Estelle Frankfurter was caught stealing confidential OSS reports.  She was discharged, although her brother, justice Felix Frankfurter, was Roosevelt’s closest confidante.  As organizer of the Harold Ware cell, Frankfurter had placed Soviet operatives in many Government agencies, and had put his personal protege, Alger Hiss, in FDR’s office.  Frankfurter’s brother, Otto, served a sentence in Anamosa State Prison, Iowa for Fraud. While Joseph E. Davies was Ambassador to Moscow, the State Dept. in 1937-38 was ordered to destroy all of its irreplaceable files on the Soviet Union.  The Russian Division of the State Dept. was abolished, and the last anti-communist survivors were summarily fired. Since 1935, seven Soviet networks of espionage had been active throughout Europe.  Known by their German name, die Rote Kapelle, the Red Orchestra, they were run by Grand Chief Leopold Trepper, who later emigrated to Israel.  In January, 1942, Allen Dulles enlisted die Rote Kapelle to form an anti-German group led by Baron Wolfgang von Pultitz, who later arranged for the defection to East Germany of Otto John, head of West Germany’s FBI.  During World War II, both von Pultitz and John had worked under Charles Hambro at Britain’s SOA. General Alfred E. Wedemeyer later testified that in 1942 he had proposed a guaranteed plan to shorten the war by at least a year, invading France across the Channel.  Winston Churchill argued for his “soft Underbelly” approach through North Africa and Sicily.  Gen. Marshall called Wedemeyer before Churchill and Roosevelt to explain his plan, on which he had worked for months, perfecting every detail.  Churchill persuaded Roosevelt to postpone the Wedemeyer plan for another year, while the Churchill plan was put into action in North Africa in Nov. 1942.  Wedemeyer’s plan was vindicated in 1946 by Gen. Franz Halder, Chief of Staff of the German Army, who said the Wedemeyer cross-Channel invasion would have been a decisive and timely blow which would have shortened the war by at least a year.  However, ending the war in 1943 would have cost the munitions manufacturers many billions in profits.  Ezra Pound broadcast on July 17, 1943.     “I reckon my last talk was the most courageous I have ever given.  I was playing with fire.  I was openly talking about how the war may be prolonged, by fellows who were scared that the war might stop.  I mean they’re scared right out of their little gray panties, for fear economic equity might set in as soon as guns stop shooting or shortly thereafter.  The stage scenery fell with a flop, simultaneously with some anti-Axis successes.” What was Pound talking about ?  Stage scenery – what a cynical way to describe a world conflagration in which one hundred million people were dying.  Pound exposed the charade.  Early in the war, a British Secret Service operation, Operation Ultra, had obtained the German coding machine.  They were able to read every secret order from Hitler and the German General Staff.  It was like shooting fish in a barrel.  F.W. Winterbotham, chief of Air Intelligence, SIS, wrote about his operation of Ultra, “The Ultra Secret”.  He says, “On Aug. 2 (1944) which I remember, covered two whole sheets of my Ultra paper, Hitler told Kluge not to pay any attention to the American breakout.  He then outlined his master plan for handling the entire invasion.” Had Hitler had access to all secret communications of the Allies, he would have had an unbeatable advantage.  The Allies listened to all of his orders, and reacted accordingly.  Early in the war, Ultra informed them that the Germans were planning a massive bombing raid on Coventry.  If they evacuated the city, it would show the Germans they were listening to their plans.  Churchill ordered the British to do nothing.  The Germans bombed Coventry, killing thousands of women and children.  The Ultra secret was protected at the cost of many British lives. The British also had a double agent, Baron Wilhelm de Ropp, who was Hitler’s personal confidante on British policy.  De Ropp had lived in England since 1910.  He married an English wife, but maintained an apartment on the Kurfurstendamm, as a journalist moving between Germany and England.  His closest friend in England was F.W. Winterbotham, chief of Air Intelligence.  In Feb. 1939, de Ropp took Winterbotham to Germany, where he conferred with Hitler, Rudolf Hess, and von Milch, head of the German Air Force.  Winterbotham writes, “By 1934, I had obtained personal contact with the Head of State, Hitler, and with Alfred Rosenberg, the official Nationalist Party Philosopher and Foreign Affairs expert, and Rudolf Hess, Hitler’s deputy.  From my personal meetings with Hitler I learned about his basic belief that the only hope for an ordered world was that it should be ruled by three superior powers, the British Empire, the Greater Americas, and the new Greater Reich.  I felt that his desperate desire for peace was no bluff.  (At Dunkirk) Hitler told his General Staff exactly what he had told me in 1939;  it was necessary that the great civilization Britain had brought to the world should continue to exist and that all he wanted from Britain was that she should acknowledge Germany’s position on the Continent.” Hitler failed to comprehend the depravity of the behind the scenes figures of the World Order who had gained control of the British Empire with the South Africa wealth they had won in the Boer War.  This hoard of gold and diamonds represented the greatest influx of new purchasing power into Europe since the Spanish galleons brought in the gold of the Incas.  The resistance encountered in this war caused the planners to resolve that in the future, wars would be managed as precisely as any other business operation.  Their philosophy of Hegelian determinism called for setting up two opposing forces, thesis and anti-thesis, which would be thrown against each other in conflict to produce an outcome, synthesis. Between the two World Wars, it was necessary to rearm Germany, and also to back a German Government strong enough to prepare the nation for another war.  The same people who had supplied Germany from 1916 to 1918 in order to keep World War I going now backed the Nazis to produce a Second World War.  The Schroders and Rothschilds had set up Hoover with the Belgian Relief Commission, in partnership with Emile Francqui, “the Beast of the Congo”, later the U.S. Food Administration, run by selfless men who inexplicably amassed sudden fortunes in sugar, grain and shipping.  Two of these men, Prentiss Gray and Julius H. Barnes, then became partners in Schroder Co. The New York Times Dec. 11, 1940 noted that “Baron Bruno von Schröder died at his home here, Dell Park, Englefield Green, Surrey.  He came to England in 1900 and was naturalized in 1914.  He established J. Henry Schroder & Co. in London 1904 and in New York, 1923.  His son Helmut W.B. Schroder now becomes head of the firm.  His partner Frank Cyril Tiarks has been a director of the Bank of England since 1912.  In 1923, Baron von Schroder bought the Baghdad Railway.  The deal was the biggest ever made under cover of the Lausanne Conference disposing of former German concessions in Turkey, and the Rothschilds and Lloyd’s Bank shared with Baron Schroder in the syndicate that advanced $25 million to start the rebuilding of the lines.” The importance of the Schroder firm between the two world wars is shown by the following excerpts;  New York Times Dec. 3,1923; “The first installment of capital for the new currency bank which will grow out of the Rentenbank was issued in Berlin today in the shape of checks in pounds sterling, to the value of 25 million gold marks ($6,250,000) from the London bankers Schroder & Co., whose share in the capital loan is 100,000,000 gold marks, ($25,000,000).  Baron Henry Schroder who is the head of the firm, has long been closely connected with German financial interests in the international field.” New York Times Nov. 25, 1928;  “J. Henry Schroder Banking Corp. Finance and Trade Commentary states, ‘If, in the forthcoming reparations conference, the external obligations of Germany are fixed at some reasonable figure, it would be an important step in Germany’s whole economic recovery’.” New York Times, Nov. 2, 1928:  “J. Henry Schroder Co. floats a $10,000,000 6% loan to Prussian Electric Power Co. in partnership with Brown Bros Harriman.” New York Times, Nov. 14, 1929; “The Prussian State has arranged a $5 million loan from J. Henry Schroder Co. to extend Stettin Harbor.” New York Times, Jan. 27,1933; “The City Co. of New York and the J. Henry Schroder Trust Co. have been designated as German bond scrip agents by the Gold Discount Bank of Berlin.  Representatives of American houses of issue said yesterday that they were without direct advice from Berlin, where the Germans and representatives of other creditors are now conferring.  The bankers are represented there by John Foster Dulles of the law firm of Sullivan and Cromwell.” New York Times, April 19, 1940; “The J. Henry Schroder Banking Corp. has succeeded Speyer & Co. as fiscal and paying agent for city of Berlin 25 years 6½% gold bonds due in 1950.” A leading economist, Professor von Wiegand, has gone on record criticizing the present writer for statements about the Schroder Co. claiming the firm had little or no connection with Germany, apparently because he had not researched the subject in the New York Times.  The president of J. Henry Schroder also issued a denial in 1944 that they had done any business in Germany. Adolf Hitler had joined the German Workers Party in 1919 because it was supported by the Thule Society, an influential German society of aristocrats and financiers.  In 1921, Hitler met with Admiral Schroder, commander of the German Marine Corps.  In Dec. 1931, the circle of Friends was formed, twelve prominent German businessmen who promised to donate regularly to the Nazi Party.  Baron Kurt von Schroder, partner of J.H. Stein Co. Cologne bankers, was the leader of this group.  J.H. Stein then became Hitler’s personal banker.  Hitler’s aide, Walther Funk, met with Schroder to discuss the real views of Hitler on questions concerning the international bankers.  Funk was able to satisfy Schroder, and the financial support of the Nazi Party continued. Maj. Winterbotham points out that Lord Montagu Norman, Governor of the Bank of England for more than thirty years, was Hjalmar Schacht’s best friend.  Schacht, Hitler’s Finance Minister, named his grandson Norman because of the friendship.  Paul Einzig, in “Appeasement Before, During and After the war”, says “On May 29, 1933, Mr. F.C. Tiarks of the British Banking Delegation met with Dr. Schacht, and found Dr. Schact’s attitude wholly satisfactory.”  Mr. Tiarks was a longtime partner of J. Henry Schroder and director of the Bank of England since 1912.  His granddaughter married the present Duke of Bedford. On p.78, Einzig says, “Towards the end of 1936 a new firm was registered in London under the name of Compensation Brokers Ltd. which was controlled by the banking house of J. Henry Schroder & Co., and Hambro’s Bank Ltd., with the declared object of assisting with barter transactions between Germany and various parts of the English Empire.” When Alfred Rosenberg came to London, he was introduced to many leading figures, including Geoffrey Dawson, editor of the Times, Walter Eliot, M.P. Lord Hailsham, secretary for War, and the Duke of Kent, brother of king Edward VIII and George VI.  The Duke of Coburg, a close friend of Hitler, had three long talks with King Edward VIII on his accession in January 1936.  Edward assured the Duke of his sympathies with the Third Reich.  In 1965, the then Duke of Windsor remarked, “I never thought Hitler was such a bad chap.”  The story behind Edward’s sudden abdication was that his advisers realized he would not sign the papers for mobilisation against Germany.  An American divorcee was brought into the picture.  She led Edward off to the Rothschild castle in Austria, while his “slightly retarded” brother George was installed as King of England. During the mid-thirties, three isolationist groups were active in England, “The Link”, led by Admiral Sir Barry Domvile, and composed of genuinely patriotic Englishmen;  the Anglo-German Fellowship, organized by J. Henry Schroder Co. with the help of the Soviet mole Kim Philby to lull Hitler into the belief that England would never declare war on him;  and “the Cliveden Set”, who met at Lord Astor’s palatial castle, Gliveden, to promote “appeasement”. On Jan. 4, 1933, Hitler met with the Dulles brothers at the Cologne home of Baron Kurt von Schroder to guarantee Hitler the funds needed to install him as Chancellor of Germany.  The Dulles Bros. were there as legal representatives of Kuhn, Loeb Co., which had extended large short-term credits to Germany, and needed a guarantee of repayment.  Allen Dulles was later esconced in Switzerland by the OSS during World War II.  Still later, he became Director of the CIA.  He had been a director of J. Henry Schroder Co. for many years. On June 11, 1934, Lord Norman and Schacht met secretly at Badenweiler in the Black Forest, and again in Oct. 1934, to guarantee loans to National Socialist Germany. The J.H. Stein Bank of Cologne and the London and New York branches of Schroder Bank were correspondent banks often involved in transactions throughout the Hitler regime.  Baron Kurt von Schroder was a member of the Herrenklub, the most influential group in Germany, and the Thule Society, which had most Hitler’s career in 1919.  He was director of all of ITT’s German subsidiaries, SS Senior Group Leader, Deutsche Reichsbank, and many other high-ranking positions (listed by the Kilgore Committee, 1940). On Sept. 30, 1933, the financial editor of the London Daily Herald wrote about “Mr. Montagu Norman’s decision to give the Nazis the backing of the Bank of England.”  Norman’s biographer, John Hargrave, writes, “It is quite certain that Norman did all he could to assist Hitlerism to gain and maintain political power, operating on the financial plane from his stronghold in Threadneedle Street.” Another Hitler supporter was Sir Henry Deterding, of Royal Dutch Shell, which had been founded by the Samuel family.  In May, 1933, Alfred Rosenberg was a guest at Deterding’s large estate, Buckhurst Park, Ascot, one mile from Windsor Castle.  Oswald Dutch writes that in 1931 Sir Henri Deterding and his backers, the Samuel family, gave Hitler 30 Million pounds.  Deterding then divorced his wife, and married his secretary, an ardent Nazi and German. Otto Strasser wrote that Schroder agreed to “foot the bill” for the Nazi Party at a secret meeting, and guaranteed their debts, ending up collecting a generous amount of interest on his original capital.  (Senate Hearings, Committee for Military Affairs, 1945). In England, journalist Claud Cockburn led the fight against the “Cliveden Set”, seemingly unaware that three of the Astors had founded the Royal Institute of International Affairs.  He wrote indignantly, “The Astors and others clustered around Chamberlain were a set of appeasers who saw Hitler’s regime and their collaboration with it as necessary to maintain the social order they preferred.” The Cockburns are too self-limited to understand that the “appeasers” collaborated with Hitler only to obtain the world war which was essential to their world program.  Hitler was duped into going into the Rhineland, duped into going into Czechoslovakia, and duped into attaching Poland.  The advertised belief is that he was amazed at the weakness of the opposition to these moves;  in fact, he had been promised there would be no opposition, until he went into Poland and discovered he had been duped. Once Hitler had served his purpose, these same bankers plotted to assassinate him.  We know the names of Count von Stauffenberg and Fabian von Schlabrendorff, aristocrats who tried to kill Hitler, but on July 22, 1984, the Washington Post revealed the name of the master-mind, Axel von dem Bussche.  He married the daughter of the Earl of Gosford, Baron Acheson, air attache at the Paris Embassy.  Baron Acheson had married the daughter of John Ridgely Carter, a partner of J.P. Morgan Co., whose father, a Baltimore lawyer, had been legal counsel for the Pennsylvania Railroad and many other railroads.  John Ridgely Carter married Alice Morgan, was secretary of the American Embassy, London, 1894-1909, and was partner in J.P. Morgan Co. 1914, and also the Paris branch, Morgan Harjes Co. Dean Acheson, a cousin of the Gosfords, also worked for J.P. Morgan Co. and later became Secretary of State.  The 2nd Earl Gosford had been Gov. Gen. of Canada and governor-in-chief of all British North America.  Richard Davis notes in “The English Rothschilds” that the Earl of Gosford was a frequent house guest of the Rothschild family.  This may explain why his American cousin, Dean Acheson, was plucked from obscurity to become secretary of State. The cast of characters is really quite small in number.  The grandson of a J.P. Morgan partner masterminds the plot against Hitler, cooperating with Schroder partner Allen Dulles from his Swiss redoubt of the OSS.  Admiral Canaris, in charge of the Abwehr, Hitler’s intelligence services had made contact with the British Secret Service in London as soon as he assumed that post, through Frankfurt lawyer Fabian von Schlabrendorff, a key member of the plot, aided by Count Helmut von Moltke, a member of the German Bar and also a member of the Inner Temple of London.  Von Moltke’s mother was Dorothy Innes, related to the Schroder banking family. During his first two years with the OSS, Bill Donovan accepted no salary.  In 1943, he was promoted to Major General, and received pay for that grade.  In 1943, OSS had a $35 million budget, with 1651 employees, which increased tenfold the following year to 16,000.  By the end of the war, there were 30,000 agents and sub-agents, many of whom were involved in looting, blackmail, and other money-making schemes.  Airplanes were often commandeered for mysterious flights to haul huge sums in gold, diamonds, paintings and other treasure.  From the outset, the OSS had been dealing in large sums in gold.  In the spring of 1942, $5 million in gold coins was sent to North Africa to finance secret operations.  After the North African invasion, certain bankers who had been holding francs worth 100 million were suddenly worth 500 million.  Large scale currency transactions were handled for the OSS by an underworld figure named Lemaigre-Dubreuil, who was shot by unknown gunmen at his Casablanca home. The political advisor to the Supreme Allied Commander, Mediterranean was Robert D. Murphy, whose wife was a manic-depressive, and whose daughter committed suicide.  He was having an affair with the Princess de Ligne, official representative of the Comtede Paris, a Bourbon and pretender to the throne of France.  She deeply involved Murphy and the OSS with her principal associate, a Syrian Jew named David Zagha, who dealt in million dollar estates, gems and antiques.  He had large holdings in Damascus, and he laundered millions of dollars of OSS funds through Lemaigre-Dubreuil, until that worthy’s assassination in Casablanca. The wheelings and dealings have also characterized the operations of OSS successor, the CIA often called “the Central Investment Agency”, because of its many nefarious dealings.  V. Lada-Mocarski, president of J. Henry Schroder, was chief of secret intelligence operations for OSS Italy 1943.  The OSS secret files later turned up in the hands of Propaganda Due, P-II, a secret Masonic organization which included many prominent figures in Italy.  The go-between for P-II and the CIA was Michael Sindona, the conduit for $65 million which the CIA pumped into Italian elections.  He was connected with the Nixon law firm, and with John McCaffrey, chief of resistance forces in Europe for British intelligence during World War II, and later representative of Hambro’s Bank, and also with Prince Borghese.  Although Borghese had been condemned to be executed during World War II, he was rescued by James Angleton, later Vatican consultant for the CIA.  Sindona, McCaffrey and Borghese were partners in an Italian bank, Universal Banking Corp. which was a front for Meyer Lansky and the Mafia.  The collapse of Banco Ambrosiano cost the Vatican a billion dollars (later reduced to $250 million), ending in the murder of its president Roberto Calvi, found hanging from Blackfriars Bridge in London.  He was declared a “suicide”, but a judge later rendered the finding he had been murdered by “persons unknown”. Gen. Donovan also had an important family connection with the Harrimans.  His wife’s cousin, Charles Rumsey, had, married W. Averill Harriman’s sister Mary.  The Harrimans had been brought up on their New York estate, Arden, which had 30,000 acres, a 150 room house, and a crew of 600 working constantly to keep things in order. Harriman’s other sister married Robert Livingston Gerry, son of Commodore Elbridge Gerry.  Their son, Elbridge Gerry, is a partner of Brown Bros Harriman. In 1939, Donovan had purchased a farm near Berryville, Chapel Hill Farm.  In 1945, he sold his Georgetown house to Katharine Graham, of the Washington Post family.  The farm was taken over by the Rumsey Trust.  Donovan lived at 1 Sutton Place, New York, the address made fashionable by Bessie Marbury, the queen of the international homosexual set who, as the leading power in the Democratic Party, had made it possible for Franklin D. Roosevelt to become Governor of New York. In 1921, developer Eliot Cross sold Marbury’s “wife”, Elsie de Wolfe, No.13 Sutton Place.  The Times soon noted a “curious migration”, headlining that Mrs. K. Vanderbilt and Anne Morgan had bought homes in Sutton Place, “a little known two block thoroughfare”.  Mrs. Vanderbilt paid $50,000 for her home;  Anne Morgan, daughter of J.P. Morgan, and member of the de Wolfe-Marbury “Hellfire” set, paid $75,000.  They then spent several hundred thousand dollars renovating these homes.  The Times characterized the “Sutton Place curious migration” as a malicious dig at the well-known proclivities of the new settlers, who would soon make Manhattan notorious as the world headquarters of the homosexual movement. Donovan’s surviving son had refused to enter the law firm or to have anything to do with the OSS.  He had a distinguished wartime career as a Navy captain in charge of landing operations at Sicily and other invasions.  At a New Years Eve celebration, 1946, his five year old daughter Sheila accidentally drank silver polish and died.  His wife died after an overdose of sleeping pills. “Intrepid’s Last Case” notes that “a political decision forced the OSS to surrender to Moscow the captured Soviet military and diplomatic code books on intelligence from the nazis.”  The greatest intelligence coup in history came to naught after Roosevelt’s three Communist associates demanded that this complete set of Soviet code books be returned to Stalin. On May 17, 1945, Donovan became special assistant to justice Robert H. Jackson, U.S. prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials.  Although the captured German leaders were accused of many things, they were never accused of having accepted money from the Bank of England, or of being financed by the Schroder Bank.  Baron Kurt von Schroder had been arrested and transferred to a British detention camp.  A German denazification court later fined him 1500 RM and sentenced him to three months detention.  Since he had already been held for that period, he was released.  The New York Times on Feb.29, 1948 demanded that he be tried by an Allied Military Tribunal – “von Schroder is as guilty as Hitler or Goering”. In May 1945, William Stephenson formed the British American Canadian Corp. in New York, later changed to a Panamanian registry as the World Commerce Corp. April 2, 1947.  When Germany surrendered, the London office of OSS had ten million dollars on hand, deposited in Hambro’s and Schroder’s Banks.  This money could not be “returned” to the U.S. Government without stating where it had come from.  As proceeds from dealings in gold and jewels, an inquiry could provoke a Congressional investigation.  The principals decided to hold it in abeyance for future operations in the new corporations, whose officers were Stephenson, Donovan, Sir Charles Hambro, Edward R. Stettinius, Russell Forgan of Glore Forgan Co., nephew of James Forgan, first president of the Federal Advisory Council of the Federal Reserve Board, and successor to David Bruce as chief of OSS Europe;  Sidney Weinberg, head of the Special OSS Mission to Moscow;  Nelson Rockefeller;  Col. Rex Benson Menzies of SIS and chairman of Robert Benson Co. merchant bankers;  John J. McCloy;  Richard Mellon;  Sir Victor Sassoon;  Lord Leathers;  Sir William Rootes of Rootes Motors;  Sir Alexander Korda;  Olaf Hambro;  Brig W.T. Keswick head of Jardine Mathieson Co., director of Hudson Bay Co. Hong Kong Shanghai Bank and chief of Special Operations Executive in Asia, World War II;  Sir Harold Wernher, British industrialist;  Ian Fleming of the Kelmsley Press;  David Bruce;  Joseph C. Grew, nephew of J.P. Morgan;  and L.L. Strauss of Kuhn, Loeb & Co. The new firm operated closely with Morgan Grenfell, Jardine Mathieson, and British and Western Trading Co. In 1950, Donovan listed World Commerce Corp. as the only firm in which he held an interest.  The president at that time was Frank T. Ryan, director John J. Ryan, both of Bache & Co; other directors were Alfred DuPont, Russell Forgan, Jocelyn Hambro, Joseph Grew and William Stephenson, who gave his address as Plaza Hotel, N.Y. with residence in Jamaica, and listed himself as chairman of the board of Caribbean Cement Co. and Bermuda Hotels Corp. President Truman disliked the idea of a secret service, and dissolved OSS at the end of the war.  1600 of its operatives went to the State Dept. Intelligence & Research Bureau, others went to the Defense Dept. where Robert McNamara set up the Defense Intelligence Agency in 1961.  Truman set up the Office of Policy Coordination in 1948, which by National Security Council directive 10/2 merged into the CIA Jan. 4, 1951 with the Office of Special and Clandestine Services.  Although Truman had dissolved the OSS on Sept. 20, 1945, his 1948 directive appointed three men to supervise the organization of a new intelligence agency, Allen W. Dulles, of the Schroder Bank;  William Harding Jackson, a Wall Street lawyer who married into the Lyman family, became a lawyer with Cadwalder, Wickersham and Taft, and later with Carter, Ledyard & Milburn (J.P. Morgan’s attorneys).  In Jan. 1944, Jackson had been named head of intelligence at American Military Headquarters in London.  He was chief of intelligence for Gen. Jacob Devers, and later headed G-2 intelligence for Gen. Omar Bradley.  He Became a partner of J.H. Whitney Co. New York in 1947, served as deputy director of the CIA 1950-51, and later was spec. asst. to Pres.  Eisenhower for national security;  the third man on Truman’s team was Mathias F. Gorrea, also a Wall Street lawyer, whose mother was of the Figueroa family;  his father was head of real estate and investments for the Brooklyn Diocese, and his brother was spec. asst. to the Atty Gen of the U.S. 1946, general counsel ODM 1951-52, and vice-pres. RCA.  Truman later came to be deeply suspicious of the CIA.  He told Merle Miller, “Plain Speaking”, “Now, as nearly as I can make out, those fellows in the CIA don’t just report on wars and the like, they go out and make their own.”  Allen Dulles placed a verse from the Bible (John 8:32) in the entrance to the CIA building, “And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.”  Allen W. Dulles was chief of the new agency;  Frank Wisner was his deputy;  it grew from 5000 to 15,000 personnel by 1955.  In 1974, it had 16,500 agents and a $750 million budget;  in all, the National Security Agency had $6 billion to spend for “intelligence”. The CIA has often been called the Central Investment Agency, not only because of the Wall Street backgrounds of Donovan, Dulles and many other principals, but because of the many commercial operations in which it has engaged (the CIA is always referred to, not by accident, by its insiders, as “the company”).  A great deal of stock trading is based upon inside CIA information, buying and selling on the basis of secret intelligence gathered by the CIA all over the world. The CIA has also spent billions to influence foreign elections, always for candidates inimical to the interests of the people of the United States, but dedicated to the program of the World Order.  However, its principal influence has been through its control of foundations and universities.  The American people remain blissfully unaware that their Constitutional government with its separated powers of legislative, judicial and executive departments, has been entirely superseded by the foundations, which generate basic policy for all three branches.  Monetary policy is generated by the Brookings Institution and implemented through the Federal Reserve System independent of Congress, which has constitutional power to regulate the monetary system.  Social policies, originated by the Ford and Rockefeller Foundations, are enacted into law by Congress and upheld against all challenges by the Supreme Court.  Foreign policy, a prerogative of the executive branch, is entirely based on foundation “studies” and recommendations.  Staffs of all three departments are heavily infiltrated by foundation operatives.  The CIA functions as the coordinating agency between the foundations and the departments of government.  The Washington Post of Dec. 8, 1984 verified this with an obituary of Don Harris, relating that he came to Washington in 1950 as an economist with the Brookings Institution, then moved to the CIA as chief of the Far East and the West Europe staffs for three years.  He then joined the Defense Intelligence Agency’s directorate of plans and policy, where he served until 1983. McGeorge Bundy, in “The Dimensions of Diplomacy”, 1964, noted, “All area study programs in American universities after the war were manned, directed or stimulated by graduates of the OSS:  there is a high measure of interpenetration between universities with area programs and information gathering agencies of the government of the U.S.”  As head of the Ford Foundation, Bundy was in a position to know about the interpenetration. The Washington Post, April 21, 1984, noted that the CIA was funneling money to many universities through Air Force intelligence grants or other “defense” operations, including Duke, Stanford, Univ. of Texas and many others.  The chancellor of the University of Pittsburgh, Wesley Posvar, had received many Air Force intelligence grants as a retired Air Force intelligence colonel, funnelled through Maj. Gen. James F. Pfautz, head of Air Force intelligence.  Posvar is a member of the German Marshall Fund. The CIA has spent millions to fund newspapers, magazines, and publishers to promote the program of the World Order.  Frederick A. Praeger Co. N.Y. an “emigre” publishing firm, admitted in 1967 it had published “15 or 16” books for the CIA. Many writers and journalists have been liberally subsidized by the CIA with travel expenses, a villa in France or Switzerland, and other perks, to produce propaganda for the CIA and its ulterior goals. The National Review is considered the most influential CIA publication.  It consistently puffs Jean Kirkpatrick, Milton Friedman, and other cognoscenti of the intelligence community and the Viennese School of Economics.  The New York Times, Dec. 8, 1984, noted the marriage of William Buckley’s son Christopher to Lucy Gregg, daughter of 31 year CIA official, Donald Phinney Gregg, who is now personal adviser on national security to Vice President Bush.  Buckley founded the National Review with Morrie Ryskind and George Sokolsky, funding the publication with ample funds from the Central Investment Agency and its Wall Street connections.  Buckley’s only known employment was his stint with the CIA under Howard Hunt at the CIA’s station in Mexico City, immediately after Buckley graduated from Yale.  Buckley became godfather to Hunt’s children.  “En skids” NSCIDS No. 7 gave the CIA power to question Americans in the U.S. about their foreign travel and to make contracts with American universities.  J. Edgar Hoover’s influence gave rise to the National Security Act of 1947, which forbade the CIA to exercise any internal security functions or police powers in the U.S. (FBI territory) but Hoover lived to see the act continually flouted by the greater finances of the CIA. On March 12, 1947, the Truman Doctrine was announced as America’s new foreign policy.  On June 5, 1947, the Marshall Plan was announced.  Both “doctrines” had originated in foundation studies subsidized by the CIA and were to be implemented under close CIA supervision. The “new” CIA continues its close ties with the Schroder Bank and other linchpins of international intelligence.  Allen Dulles, a director of J. Henry Schroder, and lawyer for the bank as attorney with Sullivan and Cromwell, chose Schroder to handle the vast disbursements of the CIA’s “discretionary fund”, whose financial dealings remain cloaked in secrecy.  Secretary of War Robert Patterson was a director of Schroder, as was Harold Brown, Carter’s Secretary of Defense.  Paul H. Nitze, our chief arms negotiator, not only was a director of Schroder, but married into the Pratt family of Standard Oil who donated their New York mansion as the headquarters of the CFR. John McCone, later director of the CIA, was partner of Bechtel-McCone, giant war contractor financed by Schroder-Rockefeller Co. Richard Helms also a director of CIA, is a consultant with Bechtel.  Although from a family of modest means, Helms was educated at the world’s most exclusive prep school, Le Rosey of Switzerland, where he became a friend of the Shah of Iran.  The Schroder-CIA connection was revealed in a lawsuit in which documents were filed showing a payment of $38,902 to Edwin Moore, on orders from Richard Helms. Gordon Richardson was chairman of Schroder from 1963 to 1973, when he was named Governor of the Bank of England, where he served for ten years.  Richardson, also a director of Lloyd’s Bank and Rolls Royce, maintained a New York address on Sutton Place near Donovan’s residence. The Cabot family of Boston, descended from Sebastian Cabot, who was an early member of the World Order, has maintained a close relationship with the CIA.  The founder of the family, Giovanni Caboto of Genoa, became John Cabot when he moved to England in 1448 under Henry 7th.  His son Sebastian accompanied him on his North American trip in 1497.  Sebastian had been born in Venice in 1476; he moved to England in 1551, was granted a pension and founded the London Muscovy Company which developed overland routes across Europe to Russia.  Thomas D. Cabot, honorary chairman of Cabot Corp. was director of Office of Inter-American affairs for the State Dept. 1951, president of United Fruit, and set up Radio Swan on Swan Island for the CIA;  he went on a special mission to Egypt in 1953.  His brother John was in the foreign service from 1926, served as Consul Gen. Shanghi, ambassador to Pakistan, Finland and Colombia, Brazil and Poland;  he was U.S. delegate to Dumbarton Oaks in 1994, and was secretary to the United Nations organization in San Francisco in 1945 under Alger Hiss.  Paul Cabot is director of J.P. Morgan Co., Ford, Continental Can, Goodrich, and M.A. Hanna Co. Lord Harold Caccia is also a director of Cabot Corp.  He served on the Allied Control Commission in Italy 1943-94 as political advisor, Ambassador to Austria 1951-54, Ambassador to U.S. 1956-61; he is also on the board of Orion Bank, National Westminster Bank and Prudential Assurance.  He is chmn of Standard Telephone & Cable. An earlier member of the Cabot family, George Cabot (1752-1823) owned 40 privateers and letters of marque in 1777-78, and became the first Secretary of the Navy. High level CIA plicy was regularly determined at secret meetings at Pratt House, CFR headquarters in N.Y., as revealed by Vic Marchetti, in “Cult of Intelligence”, he describes a top level meeting at Pratt House Jan. 8, 1965 at 5 pm, chaired by C. Douglas Dillon, chmn of Dillon, Read.  The main speaker was Richard Bissell, director of CIA clendestine operations.  This was the third meeting at this address.  William J. Barnds was secretary;  his father was Episcopalian Bishop of the Dallas Division.  Present were Frank Altschul, partner of Lazard Freres, who married into the Lehman Family.  Altschul was chmn National Planning Assn, director of Ford Foundation, China Institute in America, American Institute of International Education, and vice pres.  Woodrow Wilson Foundation;  Robert Amory, dep. dir CIA 1952-62, National Security planning Board 1953-61;  Meyer Bernstein;  Col. Sidney Berry former military asst. to Secretary of Defense 1961-64, now deputy chief of personnel operations U.S. Army;  Allen W. Dulles;  George S. Franklin Jr., lawyer with Davis Polk and Wardwell, asst. to Nelson Rockefeller in 1940, intelligence Dept. State 1941-44, executive div. council on Foreign Relations 1945-71, national secretary of the Trilateral Commission 1972, member Atlantic Council, Ditchley Founation, American Council on United Europe;  Thomas L. Hughes, head of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (Alger Hiss’ former post);  Joseph Kraft, newspaper columnist Washington Post, L.A. Times etc. Eugene Fubini, naturalised U.S. 1945, technical adviser U.S. AF, Army and Navy on radio techniques, was with CBS 1938-42 with the Secretary of Defense since 1961, National Security Agency since 1965, chmn Defense Intelligence Agency, Harry Howe Ransom, Vanderbilt professor, Rockefeller Foundation, Institute of Strategic Studies London;  Theodore Sorensen, Pres. Kennedy’s assistant 1957-61, now attorney with Paul Weiss and Rifkind;  David B. Sage, prof. Bennington, trustee Russell Sage fndtn and 20th century Fund. Bissell, the principal speaker, had been educated at Groton, Yale and London School of Economics, was economist with War Shipping Board 1942-45;  Harriman committee for President 1947-48, ECA 1948-51, Ford Foundation 1952-55, dep dir. CIA 1954-64, consultant to Fortune, U.S. Steel, and Asiatic Petroleum. CIA financial operations continually surface and are quickly forgotten.  Jack Anderson noted in a column July 30,1984 that two OSS pals in World War II, Joe Rosenbaum, a venture capitalist, and William J. Casey, present head of the CIA had been involved in a huge Mid East pipeline deal with former Secretary of the Navy William J. Middendorf, now U.S. Ambassador to the Organization of American States.  Middendorf is a director of First American Bank of VA. which handles many financial dealings for the CIA.  Directors of First American are Eugene R. Casey, Lt. Gen. Elwood Quesada, who married into the Pulitzer family, asst chief of air on the General Staff, now director of the munitions firm Olin Industries; Stuart Symington, who married into the Wadsworth family, was formerly Secretary of the Air Force and Senator from Missouri, chairman of Emerson Electric, a defense contractor; Lt. Gen James M. Gavin, director Guggenheim Foundation, chairman of Arthur D. Little Co., (said to be a branch of CIA operations). In “Spooks” Jim Hugan exposes another firm with CIA ties, Quantum Corp., based at Rockefeller owned L’enfant Plaza in Washington which sold arms to both sides in the Arab-Israeli conflict; chairman was Rosser Scott Reeves III, heir to an ad fortune; his father sold Eisenhower like soap with a series of brilliant TV ads.  Reeves III married into the Squibb family, was with Lazard Freres from 1962-7, and Military Armaments Corp. 1972-4.  III’s father was a limited partner of Oppenheimer Co. Other members of Quantum were Mitch Werbell III, a CIA operative who had the rank of General, U.S. Army;  Edmund Lynch;  Stewart Mott;  Lou Conein, A Union Corse operative known throughout Southeast Asia as Black Luigi;  Walter Pforzheimer, former aide to Allen Dulles;  he kept two apartments at Washington’s most expensive address Watergate;  one was filled with his documentation on intelligence activities; he was found murdered at Watergate;  and Paul Rothermeil, liaison between CIA and FBI who ws sent on a special mission to H.L. Hunt’s headquarters in Dallas to destroy the Hunt Oil Co. After millions of dollars vanished, and the Hunt Oil Co. was on the verge of bankruptcy, the Hunts sued him, but were unable to prosecute because of “national security”. The sinking of the USS Liberty, a government intelligence ship, by the Israelis in the 1967 war exposed the close collaboration between the CIA and Mossad, Israeli Military Intelligence.  The CIA representative at the U.S. Embassy, Tel Aviv, reported to the senior office CIA at McLean VA. June 7, 1967 that Israel had decided to sink the U.S.S. Liberty.  The CIA refused to warn the doomed American sailors.  With President Johnson in the White House at the time were Mathilde and Arthur Krim, Johnson’s liaison with the Israeli Govt. Mathilde was a former Irgun terrorist who had served on terrorist strikes with Menachem Begin, who boasted he had introduced terrorism to the entire world. Andrew Tull, in “The Super Spies”, reveals another CIA coverup.  The entire operational plan for the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in July 1968 was obtained by a German operative in May;  he delivered the plans to Lt. Gen. Jos. F. Carroll, dir. Defense Intelligence Agency in Berlin.  Carroll outlined a plan to “leak” this intelligence, which would force the Soviet Union to abandon the operation.  Ambassador to West Germany Henry Cabot Lodge was briefed on the “leak”, but received direct orders from Washington to cancel it from Secretary of Defense Clark Clifford.  The World Order did not wish to interfere with the planned invasion.  The Soviet Union was aware of the discovery, and postponed the invasion from July to August 21.  During this period, they were assured by Washington officials that the U.S. would not interfere.  With this top level go-ahead, the Red army’s conquest of Czechoslovakia was successfully implemented. We have mentioned the CIA-Mossad connection of James Angleton.  The State of Israel was largely created by a Hungarian Jew named Tibor Rosenbaum, who procured arms and money through his Swiss base for both the Haganah and Stern gangs of terrorists, through his control of the International Credit Bank in Switzerland.  International Credit Bank was the foreign bank for Meyer Lansky’s Mafia operations, and also handled Mossad’s European funds for secret operations.  Rosenbaum was the mastermind of Bernie Cornfield’s operation.  Cornfield’s successor at IOS, Robert Vesco, later fled to Central America with $224 million of IOS fund, and is now the partner of Fidel Castro in a huge drug operation which netted $20 billion profit between 1980-84.  Castro’s cut, $50 million, has been deposited in Swiss banks. In 1965, the CIA correspondent in Africa was Michael King, partners with Dr. Joseph Ghurba in Consultants Rersearch Associates, 509 Fifth Ave. N.Y.  He is now Meir Kahane, member of the Israel Knesset and head of the terrorist Jewish Defense League.  Part of their CIA duties was to mobilize campus riots against the Vietnam War at Columbia and Adelphi College.  King’s girl friend, Donna Evans, fell or was thrown from the Queensborough Bridge in July, 1966. Another important CIA figure was Robert Maheu, who was Liaison between the CIA and J. Edgar Hoover of the FBI.  Maheu later became head of Howard Hughes “Las Vegas operations.  His code name in the CIA was “Stockholder”. In “OSS, the Secret History”, R. Harris Smith states that Ho Chi Minh had made contact with OSS Col. Paul Helliwell at Kunming in World War II and was recruited as an agent.  Ho’s reports soon received top priority at OSS Headquarters in Washington, and were placed directly on Gen. Donovan’s desk.  Helliwell, who later became consul for the Thai government in Miami, and Major Austin Glass, a Socony Oil official, sent arms to Ho for his revolutionary struggle.  Another early Ho supporter from OSS was Lt. Tibaut de Saint Phalle, nephew of a prominent Paris banker. Journalist Robert Shaplen was later told that an official of Chase Manhattan Bank was parachuted into Ho’s remote headquarters, where he found the guerilla leader dying of malaria and dysentery.  With only a few hours to live, he was saved when an OSS medic Paul Hoagland, was flown in.  He saved Ho’s life by administering the new sulfa drugs and quinine.  He later served at CIA headquarters until the 1970’s, where he was always known as “the man who saved Ho’s life”.  After Ho was out of danger, a special OSS contingent, the Deer Team, was sent to Ho’s headquarters in Nov. 1945.  The members of this team were unanimous in their denunciation of the French “imperialists”, the colonial government.  They boasted that it had been decided at the highest levels in Washington that the French had to go.  A prominent member of this team was Capt. Nicholas Deak, a Hungarian, now president of Deak Pereira.  He has controlling interests in Swiss and Austrian banks, and operates currency exchanges in the U.S. Canada and the Far East. The French were dismayed to learn that their “American allies” were training and arming Ho’s Viet Minh forces.  Ho was informed that General Donovan represented large economic interests (the World Commerce Corp.) which planned to rebuild Vietnam’s railroads and highways, in exchange for “economic privileges” in Indochina.  In Oct. 1945, the OSS sponsored the “Vietnam Friendship Association” headed by OSS Lt. Col. Carleton H. Swift.  The OSS armed Ho Chi Minh’s forces with the latest weapons, and gave intensive training in infiltration and demolition to 200 selected men of General Giap’s Army.  It was these men who later led the attacks against American troops in the Vietnam War.  The OSS sponsorship of the Viet Min and other terrorist groups around the world led Robert Welch to charge that “The OSS has thrown the weight of American supplies, arms, money and prestige behind the Communist terrorist organizations of Europe and Asia.”  The Deer team claimed that Ho was a great statesman whose nationalism transcended his Communist loyalties. To supervise the developing political situation in southeast Asia, Donovan was appointed Ambassador to Thailand by Secretary of State John Foster Dulles on Aug. 12, 1953.  Donovan’s assistant was William J. van den Heuvel.  After his return to the U.S. Donovan had a stroke in 1956.  He kept to his apartment in Sutton Place and rarely went to his law office.  In 1957, another stroke left his brain atrophied.  He lingered for several years, finally going to Walter Reed Hospital, where he died in Feb. 1959. The OSS trained forces of Ho Chi Minh kept up a steady onslaught against the French Colonial Government.  John Foster Dulles, playing a double game, met with Georges Bidault, and urged the French to make a stand.  “We will provide support,” he promised.  When the French forces were surrounded at Dien Bien Phu, Bidault, to explain his strategy, read Dulles’ commitment to the French parliament.  Dien Bein Phu collapsed after a 77 day siege, and the French government was lost.  Le Figaro claimed that the State Dept., the White House and the Kremlin, had made a secret deal to partition French Indo China into U.S. and Soviet zones, as had been done in Korea.  Whatever agreement may have been reached, it is a fact that the Soviet Army and Navy now have full use of the Billion dollar Da Nang airport and the vast naval facilities built in Viet Nam by Lyndon B. Johnson’s financial backers, Brown & Root. One explanation of the fall of French Indo China was a behind the scenes struggle to control the dope trade in Asia.  Alfred McCoy points out that during World War II, Lucky Luciano and Meyer Lansky secretly worked for the OSS.  Through their influence, the OSS became deeply involved in dope running.  After the war, Lansky moved the headquarters of the dope traffic to Miami, where Paul Helliwell, OSS chief of special operations in Asia, was his front man.  Helliwell also operated a CIA front in Miami called Sea Supply, Inc.;  one of his agents was Howard Hunt.  Helliwell later served as paymaster for CIA sponsorship of the Bay of Pigs operation.  He opened secret accounts for American mobsters in Miami banks, working closely with Sandro Trafficante and Louis Chesler.  Chesler handled Meyer Lansky’s real estate investments. The involvement of the Mob in dope running goes back to well before the murder of Arnold Rothstein.  Although Rothstein was widely known as a gambler, this was a cover for his rise to eminence as Mr. Big of the U.S. drug trade.  After he was shot in 1928, Louis Lepke, head of Murder Inc., confiscated over $5 million worth of heroin from Rothstein’s hotel room. Former OSS Col. Paul Helliwell became head of the prestigious Miami law firm, Helliwell, Melrose and DeWolf.  His partner, Mary Jane Melrose, was attorney for Resorts International, a Vesco-Lansky operation in which Nixon’s friend Rebozo was said to have an interest.  Helliwell opened the Castle Bank in the Bahamas to launder drug payoffs for Thailand poppy growers.  As Thai consul, his Washington correspondent was Rowe and Cork, close advisors to President Lyndon B. Johnson, and representatives of United Fruit (a Cabot-CIA connection), Libby and other large firms.  Helliwell was also attorney for General Development Corp., Lansky’s real estate firm which was run for him by Louis Chesler.  As counsel for Miami Natl Bank, Helliwell laundered mob funds through Swiss banks.  One of his associates was Wallace Groves, who served several years for mail fraud.  Helliwell died one Christmas Eve, 64 years old, and had never been charged with a crime.  Protected by powerful friends in the Mob and the CIA he epitomized the ties between organized crime, intelligence agencies and the national government, all overseen, of course, by the World order. Miami Natl Bank, which is now owned by Citibank was known for many years to be controlled by Meyer Lansky.  The bank financed the Outrigger Club, which became a meeting place for Santos Trafficante Jr., Philadelphia mobster and members of the Gambino family.  Chase Natl Bank lost $20 million in this operation, but chose not to make any complaint about it.  Citibank was also deeply involved with City Natl Bank of Miami, whose director Max Orovitz was a longtime associate of Meyer Lansky.  The president of City Natl, Donald Beazley, had previously headed Australia’s Nugan Hand Bank, a CIA drug operation.  Other directors of City Natl included Polly de Hirsch Meyer, Robert M. Marlin, who operated Marlin Capital Corp. and Viking General Corp.;  among stockholders of American Capital are Samuel Hallock DuPont Jr., and Paul Sternberg.  Sternberg is also on the board of City Natl. While Marlin controlled City Natl Bank, it picked up the mortgage on the Miami Cricket Club, which was owned by Alvin Malnik, widely reputed to be Lansky’s heir apparent.  Another director of City Natl was Sam Cohen, a Lansky associate who controlled Miami Natl Bank. In 1973, a bank was established in Australia under the name of Nugan Hand.  Its principals were an Australian named Frank Nugan and an American, Michael Hand, a former Green Beret and CIA operative in Asia.  Bernie Houghton, an undercover agent for U.S. Intelligence, who represented Nugan Hand in Saudi Aarabia, has disappeared, whereabouts unknown.  The attorney for Nugan Hand Bank was Bill Colby, director of the CIA.  Directors of Nugan Hand were Walter McDonald, deputy director of the CIA, Guy Pauker, a CIA adviser, and Dale Holmgren, who represented both the CIA and Nugan Hand Bank in Taipei.  The president of Nugan Hand Bank was Rear Adm Earl Buddv Yates, former chief of strategy for U.S. operations in Asia.  Also on the board were Edwin F. Black, a retired general who had commanded U.S. troops in Thailand during the Vietnam War, formerly an OSS operative in World War II and asst. army chief of staff in the Pacific;  he served as president of the Nugan Hand Bank branch in Hawaii;  Edwin Wilson, who is now in prison for arms deals;  and Don Beazley, now of Miami. Nugan Hand Bank expanded as Australasian and Pacific Holdings Ltd., a front for Air America and other CIA “investments”.  General Eric Cocke Jr., a Washington public relations officer, was Nugan Hand’s Washington representative.  From the outset, the bank was actively engaged in the drug trade.  Lernoux says the bank controlled the $100 million “Mr. Asia” heroin syndicate which arranged a number of contract murders.  Hand boasted that Nugan Hand Bank was paymaster for (:IA operations anywhere in the world.  In Saudi Arabia, Nugan Hand Bank handled the huge outlays of Bechtel Corp. in its billion dollar operations.  Bechtel employees were told they must bank with Nugan Hard.  The Manila office of Nugan Hand was run by Lt. Gen. Leroy J. Manor, who had been Chief of Staff of U.S. forces in Asia.  The CIA station chief at Bangkok, Red Jansen represented Nugan Hand in Thailand.  We may recall that Gen. Donovan, founder of the OSS, had gone to Thailand in 1953 as U.S. Ambassador.  Nugan Hand’s important contacts with government officials, perhaps greased with handouts from its huge drug operations, shielded it from investigation.  In 1978, despite repeated complaints about Nugan Hand’s international drug operations, the Australian Federal Bureau of Narcotics refused to investigate.  When increasing public pressure was brought to bear on the Bureau to investigate Nugan Hand Bank, the Bureau disbanded in 1979 !  It was controlled by the Australian Secret Intelligence organization, which in turn was dominated by the CIA. Inquiry Magazine revealed that while director of the CIA, William Colby laundered many millions of dollars of CIA funds through Nugan Hand to support political parties in Europe;  the Christian Democratic Party in Italy was a principal recipient of this largesse, but other political parties in Europe also received millions of dollars.  The World Order saw to it that funds were given only to those politicians who would carry out their program.  On August 15, 1984, the Washington Post revealed that the CIA had dominated the San Salvador elections by giving $960,000 to the Christian Democratic Party, and $437,000 to the National Council Party, to prevent D’Aubuisson, a militant anti-communist, from being elected. Donald Beazley, a former Federal Reserve Bank examiner, was introduced by Admiral Yates at a bankers’ meeting as “the finest young banker I know”.  Before the debacle of Nugan Hand Bank, Beazley was found to have transferred $200,000 from Nugan Hand to his Florida bank account.  He could not remember what this transaction was for.  An Australian Royal Commission proved that the bank regularly transferred funds from Sydney to southeast Asia as payment for heroin shipments to the U.S.  West Coast via Australia.  It was a regular conduit for payments made by Santos Trafficante Jr., underworld boss and Florida based heir to the Luciano drug empire. Although exposure seemed imminent, Frank Nugan continued blithely with his deals as a big spender.  He was closing the deal for a $2.2 million country estate for himself the day he was found shot through the head in Jan. 1980.  He was in his Mercedes on a country road.  By his side was the rifle he supposedly shot himself with, although in his last moments of life he apparently decided to wipe off all fingerprints.  Police investigators found none on the gun.  The investigators also decided that Nugan would have had to be a contortionist to shoot himself with the rifle in his car.  Donald Beazley went to Florida;  his other associates, CIA operatives Michael Hand and Bernie Houghton, disappeared.  They have not been seen since 1980. For many years, the principal American intelligence agent in China was Cornelius V. Starr.  Born in 1892, he organized the Asia Life Insurance Co. in Shanghai in 1919.  He also owned the English language newspaper in China, the Shanghai Evening Post, which gave him a dominant role in propaganda activities.  He was chairman of the board of U.S. Life Insurance Co. and other companies, as the leading American businessman in China.  He was also an OSS agent, and his financial power in China gave the OSS and later the CIA their entree into drug smuggling.  After his death, his insurance companies were absorbed into the American International Group. The American “free press”, known to the cognoscenti as “the drug press” because of Luce’s longstanding China connection, consistently portrays the source of the world’s drugs as “The Golden Triangle”, an area of Laos, Thailand and Burma.  However, this is merely a staging area for the world’s drug trade.  Review of the News in 1970 indentified Red China as the world’s largest producer of opium, its usual source of hard currency from non-communist nations.  The refined opium reaches the “free world”, that is “the cash world”, through Canton and Hong Kong.  It also includes heroin, which had been synthesized from opium in 1898 by the Bayer Co., and became one of their most important products. Red China’s mutterings about taking over Hong Kong when the present lease expires in 1997 allows insiders of the World Order opportunity to increase their fortunes in the volatile Hong Kong real estate market.  Red China has to allow the British to operate in this trading area to assure the supply of hard currency from the drug trade.  When the British took over this trading area in 1843, they maintained control of the local population through the Triads, the Assassins, as the Hong Society was known, also called the Honorable Society, and the Society of Heaven, Earth and Man. Dan E. Mayers wrote in Fortune, Aug.6, 1984, “British colonial rule in Hong Kong is not democracy.  Britain rules by decree in all matters of importance.  Hong Kong Chinese don’t have democratic rights.” Opium began as a cash crop in the poppy-fields of Asia Minor, particularly in Turkey, where it is still an important crop today.  In 1516, opium was the official monopoly of the Great Mogul in Kuch Behar.  When opium reached China, about 1729, Emperor Yung Chen prohibited its use.  In 1757, with Clive’s great victory at Plassy, the East India Co. took over the opium monopoly as part of its spoils from the Indian Moguls.  When the British promoted the use of East India’s opium in China, as payment for raw materials needed by their Industrial Revolution (they had been paying in silver), the Emperor Tao Kwang repeatedly warned them to stop selling opium in his country.  When these warnings were ignored, the Emperor burned 20,291 chests of opium in 1830, a hoard valued at 2 million pounds.  This precipitated the British Opium Wars of 1839-42 and 1856-60. Because the Communists were financed by the international bankers, the sale and use of drugs have always played an important role in the forward march of Communist hegemony.  In 1928, the Chinese Red Army began planting large areas of poppies in areas of China over which they had won control.  By 1935, the Yuan Headquarters ruled over vast field of poppies.  In 1983, Red China had 9 million acres of poppies under cultivation.  The Peiping Government has 101 narcotics factories in operation, which refine from 50% to 70% of the world’s drugs. In 1977, Edward Jay Epstein revealed the true story behind Watergate.  Nixon’s Domestic Council was a group of aggressive young men trying to outmaneuver each other with new programs.  Gordon Liddy, trying to break into this circle, conceived an ambitious program called operation Intercept.  It was not a surveillance program, but was designed to “intercept” the flow of drugs into the U.S. Nixon in his 1968 campaign had promised to “move against the source of drugs”.  A special Presidential Task Force Relating to Narcotics, Marijuana and Dangerous Drugs had been formed, but had taken no action.  Liddy got Egil Krogh, Nixon’s Presidential Deputy for Law Enforcement, to introduce the program at a meeting of the Domestic Council.  Richard Helms director of the CIA, was among those present.  The plan was officially approved by Erlichman in July, 1970 as a major operation against the heroin traffic.  There still was no real program, merely a public relations ploy, but, senior staff people at CIA panicked.  They feared that their vast Asia operations, funded by their drug operations, could be wiped out.  Liddy, meeting with State and CIA officials, says, “I pressed CIA on the problems of the Golden Triangle of Burma;  Richard Helms replied ‘Any move in that area would be impractical’.” Liddy had set up ODESSA, Organisation Der Emerlingen Schutz Staffel Angehorigen, which was ready to begin operations.  The CIA resolved to counterattack by setting up the Watergate operation, hoping to neutralize Nixon’s staff.  James McCord and other CIA operatives worked out of Mullen Co., a CIA front across the street from CREEP Headquarters.  The Watergate job was scheduled for May 26, 1972, but these “highly trained” black baggers couldn’t get in;  they came back on May 27 with no success, but got in on May 28 and photographed a number of documents in the Democratic offices.  Then they were told to return on June 16;  by this time the entire setup was ready, and they were arrested. Future historians will refer to the Vietnam War as “the drug war” akin to the British Opium Wars of the nineteenth century.  In 1964, the number of U.S. addicts had dropped to 48,000 down to 60,000 in 1950.  Then 15% of all American soldiers in Vietnam returned home as addicts.  The drug monopoly was back in business.  Two of the leading CIA operatives in Vietnam during that war are Mitch Werbell from Powder, Ga., and Three Fingered Louie Conein, who wore a gold decoration from Union Gorse, the Sicilian Mafia, around his neck. After the collapse of the Nugan Hand Bank and the disappearance of its principals, the CIA used the 17 international offices of a Honolulu investment firm, Bishop, Baldwin, Rewald, Dillingham and Wong as its Asian network.  The firm handled some $10 billion in CIA covert funds, laundering huge sums for the Gandhi family in India, and worked closely with Marcos’ right hand man in Manila, Enrique Zobel, one of the ten wealthiest men in the world, who handled the investment fund of the Sultan of Brunei.  After $22 million disappeared, Rewald was arrested.  The resulting litigation is being handled by U.S. atty John Peyton, former chief of litigation for the CIA in Washinton, from 1976-81. CIA headquarters underwent a change after the arrival of a reputed KGB defector.  Yuri Nosenko had been sent to the U.S. to assure American intelligence that Lee Oswald had no KGB connection, even though he had married the niece of a KGB major.  Nosenko’s story was “verified” by another defector, Fedora, another double agent who had wormed his way into J. Edgar Hoover’s confidence;  both the FBI and the CIA now had a resident authority on Communist espionage who had been identified as a double agent.  The Nosenko caused the CIA staff to split into two camps, pro-Nosenko and anti-Nosenko.  William Colby, director of the CIA, was in the pro-Nosenko camp, giving rise to rumors that he and James Angleton were double agents, and that Colby had been recruited while serving in Vietnam.  Angleton was forced to resign. 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Indictment Is Easy Way Out For Bush Officials

Whilst we await to see what transpires we have to remember that men like Cheney and Rove are the greedy little power-hungry middlemen for the higher echelons. They are puppets that are simply used to get a job done by the Globalist elite who are really in control. These people have been compromised from the very day they took office and their masters know that, it's part of how they are controlled and rewarded. Therefore will it really matter in the long run if they are removed from the operation? They have served their purpose and will simply be replaced. You can remove as many heads of the Hydra as you want, and whilst you celebrate your achievement it will simply regenerate twofold.   Indictment Is Easy Way Out For Bush OfficialsShould Rove, Libby, Cheney and others be indicted in the CIA leak case it will be akin to slipping out the back door Steve Watson | October 20 2005 Should Bush Administration Officials be indicted and forced to resign over the Plame case in the coming weeks, the left will undoubtedly declare a major victory for justice and truth. We say that should this happen the truth will consequently be buried and injustice will once again prevail. To see the likes of Rove and Cheney skulking off back into the undergrowth, undoubtedly with massive paychecks will be no victory for the truth movement at all. These men should be held up to account for multiple illegal corporate wranglings, for high treason for the Coup de Tat on 9/11 and for crimes against humanity due to their involvement in the illegal and unjust war in Iraq. Allowing them to get away with simple perjury over the Plame leak case will allow them to return back to what they know best, how to influence Government policy and advance the elite agenda whilst NOT in power. And Whilst many will wait around the front so to speak, cheering and celebrating this "victory", Rove et al will simply sneak out of the back door. Background Two Months ago we reported on the possibility that Indictments were imminent or had already possibly been handed down to leading members of the Bush Administration. The source was Tom Heneghen, a stock broker in California who has sources within intelligence that have revealed many thousands of individuals are sick of the government agenda since 9/11, in addition to their selling out of intelligence officials left right and centre, and are gathering evidence of criminality and taking it to grand juries. The Valerie Plame case is just one such example of this kind of activity, yet according to Heneghan there is much more going on that our media is simply not reporting. Sources close to the jury probe have allegedly told Heneghen a host of administration figures under Bush have been indicted, including Vice President Dick Cheney, Chief of Staff Andrew Card, Cheney Chief of Staff I. Lewis ?Scooter? Libby, Attorney General Alberto Gonzalez, former Attorney General John Ashcroft, imprisoned New York Times reporter Judith Miller and former Cheney advisor Mary Matalin. Heneghen also allegedly told sources White House advisor Karl Rove was indicted for perjury in a major document shredding operation cover-up. The truth has still to come to light but it now seems that the whole sorry tale is about to explode onto our nightly news. In the past week Karl Rove has appeared before prosecutors a forth time, he has been canceling Republican National Committee appearances left right and centre, and has seemingly been taking an ear bashing from President "can I go to the toilet please" Bush. Furthermore the case has seemingly widened to include handling of prewar Iraq intelligence, which would mean Chief of Staff Andrew Card and the "Whitehouse Iraq Group" would also be heavily involved. Also under scrutiny, we are led to believe, is the Vic President Dick Cheney. Two officials close to Fitzgerald told RAW STORY they have seen documents obtained from the White House Iraq Group which state that Cheney was present at several of the Iraq group's meetings. They say Cheney personally discussed with individuals in attendance at least two interviews in May and June of 2003 Wilson gave to New York Times columnist Nicholas Kristof and Washington Post reporter Walter Pincus, in which he claimed the administration ?twisted? prewar intelligence and what the response from the administration should be. Cheney was interviewed by the FBI surrounding the leak in 2004. According to the New York Times, Cheney was asked whether he knew of any concerted effort by White House aides to name Ms. Wilson. Sources close to the investigation have also confirmed that special prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald is trying to determine Vice President Cheney's role in the outing of Mrs. Wilson, more specifically, if Cheney ordered the leak. Those close to Fitzgerald say they have yet to uncover any evidence that suggests Cheney ordered the leak or played a role in the outing of Mrs. Wilson. Still, the sources said they are investigating claims that Cheney may have been involved based on his attendance at meetings of the Iraq group. Previous reports indicate Cheney was intimately involved with the framing of the Iraq war. The Washington Post and the New York Daily News have also reported that Cheney is under scrutiny and rumours of his resignation have begun to fly. Removing heads on the Hydra but not killing it Resignation would be just lovely for Dick Cheney now. He seems to be on his last legs anyway. Regularly disappearing into bunkers for months on end, reportedly having heart surgery, knee surgery, you name it. The Plame leak case may give Cheney an open door to run through now (or limp through) rather than a ocean of treacle to wade through later on. Remember that it has been out in the open for some time now that Cheney was heavily involved in the operation on 9/11 and personally issued stand down orders to NORAD. He is also still heavily involved with Haliburton who are magically being awarded no bid contracts for everything from Afghanistan and Iraq, to the Tsunami and Hurricane Katrina cleanups. It was reported last week that Cheney's Halliburton Stock rose 3,281% since October, 2004. The options were worth $241,498, now they are worth $8 million. Cheney has been architectural in conducting the invasion of Iraq from the very beginning. He was at the forefront of a White House campaign to convince Congress and the American public that invading Iraq was central to defeating terrorists worldwide. Cheney personally led the White House effort to build the case that Iraq was an imminent threat because it possessed a dangerous arsenal of weapons. He wanted to finish off what he'd started with Bush Snr in the 90s. It was Cheney behind the fake Niger weapons documents, it was Cheney who , on NBC's "Meet the Press," mentioned the aluminum tubes story and said "increasingly, we believe the United States will become the target" of an Iraqi atomic bomb. All the lies about Iraq lead back to Cheney. Furthermore, today an aide to former Secretary of State Colin Powell has claimed that Dick Cheney fronted "cabal" has hijacked the government's foreign policy apparatus, deciding in secret to carry out policies that have left the US weaker and more isolated in the world. And lest we forget Rove is the one behind the endless fake terror alerts, the fake Bin Laden tapes, the Fake capture of Saddam, the fake documents linking Iraq to 9/11, the fake toppling of the Saddam Statue, the illegal fake news on our TV screens, the list goes on. He is the Propaganda master, rivaled only by Goebbels, will he be brought to book for these crimes? in Short no. So will it really be a victory to see Cheney walk off into the sunset without justice being done? Whilst we await to see what transpires we have to remember that men like Cheney and Rove are the greedy little power-hungry middlemen for the higher echelons. They are puppets that are simply used to get a job done by the Globalist elite who are really in control. These people have been compromised from the very day they took office and their masters know that, it's part of how they are controlled and rewarded. Therefore will it really matter in the long run if they are removed from the operation? They have served their purpose and will simply be replaced. You can remove as many heads of the Hydra as you want, and whilst you celebrate your achievement it will simply regenerate twofold. And whilst the short sited waste time celebrating the removal of men like Rove and Cheney, we will continue to expose the criminalities they have not been brought to book for and we will continue to expose the overall agenda of the corporations and banking institutions that put them into power to begin with. SPONSORED LINKS United state bankruptcy court western district of texas United state life insurance United state patent United state patent search United states patent office United state flag YAHOO! GROUPS LINKS  Visit your group "cia-drugs" on the web.   To unsubscribe from this group, send an email to: cia-drugs-unsubscribe@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx   Your use of Yahoo! Groups is subject to the Yahoo! Terms of Service.

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THE WORLD ORDER CHAPTER FIVE

http://yamaguchy.netfirms.com/mullins/worldord_05.html Eustace Mullins THE WORLD ORDER A Study in the Hegemony of Parasitism CHAPTER FIVE THE CIA On May 24, 1979, a 14 ft. bronze statue of General William J. Donovan was dedicated in front of Columbia University’s Law School.  The dedication speech was delivered by John J. McCloy, who had been Asst. Sec. of War when Donovan founded the Office of Strategic Services in World War II.  When Donovan died on Feb. 8, 1959, the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, Allen W. Dulles, sent a message to all CIA stations around the world, “Bill Donovan was the father of central intelligence.  He was a great leader.” International intelligence, or, as it was formerly known, espionage, was not founded by either Donovan or Dulles, who were merely employees of the World Order.  The Order founded international espionage to protect their far reaching investments and dealings in slaves, drugs and gold, the commodities on which their wealth was built. On Nov. 17, 1843, the Port of Shanghai was opened to foreign traders.  Lot No. 1 was rented by Jardine Mathieson & Co.  Other entrepreneurs were Dent & Co., and Samuel Russell, an American who represented Baring Brothers.  Captain Warren Delano, Franklin D. Roosevelt’s grandfather, became a charter member of the Canton Regatta Club, and entered into dealings with the Hong Society.  Dr. Emmanuel Josephson states, “Warren Delano, Frederic A. Delano’s father, founded his fortune on smuggling opium into China.”  His son, Frederic A. Delano, was born in Hong Kong, and later became the first vice chairman of the Federal Reserve Board in 1914. Although he was the son of an Irish wardheeler, William J. Donovan studied law at Columbia from 1903 to 1908.  His grades were said to be “atrocious”, but one of his professors, Harlan F. Stone, took a liking to him.  Another protege of Stone was J. Edgar Hoover.  As Attorney General Stone shocked Washington by naming Hoover director of the Bureau of Investigation.  Another Columbia professor who liked Donovan was Jackson E. Reynolds, later president of the First National Bank of N.Y. who backed Donovan’s selection as head of OSS.  One of Donovan’s Columbia classmates was Franklin Delano Roosevelt. In 1910, Donovan met Eleanor Robson, an actress who later married August Belmont, American representative of the Rothschilds.  There was no question of their marriage – he was looking for a rich wife, she was looking for a rich husband – they began a relationship which lasted for years.  Donovan also courted Blanche Lopez, of a wealthy tobacco family, who lived in Rumson, N.J.  He then returned to Buffalo, where he opened a law practice.  He met Ruth Rumsey, and abruptly dropped Blanche Lopez, never contacting her again.  Ruth Rumsey was heiress of one of the richest families in America.  Her father, Dexter Rumsey, and her uncle Bronson owned 22 of Bufflao’s 43 square miles.  In 1890, Dexter Rumsey was worth $10 million.  His wife was a member of the wealthy Hazard family of Rhode Island, who had owned one thousand slaves, and were the largest slave owners in America.  The Rumseys were Masters of the Genesee Valley Hunt, the most exclusive hunt club in the U.S.  Dexter Rumsey died in 1906, leaving his son and daughter 12½% each of his fortune in trust.  Bill Donovan’s courtship of Ruth Rumsey was complicated by the reappearance in Buffalo of Eleanor Robson, now Mrs. August Belmont.  She turned up at the Studio Club, an acting group run by Katharine Cornell’s father, where Donovan had the juvenile lead.  La Robson requested that Donovan come to her suite in New York each weekend for “drama lessons”.  Donovan then took the long train ride to New York City each weekend, causing considerable gossip in Buffalo, where he was already widely known for his philandering.  Nevertheless, Ruth Rumsey had determined to marry him, probably because her family was so strongly opposed.  Friends of the family stated that had Dexter Rumsey lived, he would never have allowed this marriage to take place, because of Donovan’s age;  he was 31;  his religion, Irish Catholic;  and his philandering.  The Rumseys were Episcopalian, but Donovan persuaded his wife to bring up their children as Roman Catholics.  His brother was a priest.  After the marriage, Donovan and his wife moved into the Rumsey family mansion at 742 Delaware Ave. in Buffalo. Because of his New York connections, the Rockefeller Foundation selected Donovan to go to Europe on a “War Relief Mission” in 1915, the first of many assignments from the World Order.  He was to be separated from Ruth Donovan continually during the next three years.  While in London, he worked with Ambassador Walter Nelson Page, William Stephenson, who later “advised” him on setting up the OSS, and Herbert Hoover.  Donovan spent five weeks in Belgium as an observer with Hoover’s Belgian Relief Commission. When the U.S. entered World War I, Donovan helped organize the “Rainbow” Division, and was given command of the “Fighting 69th”.  He fought at Landes et Landes St. George, in the Meuse-Argonne sector, where, although wounded, he charged a German machine gun squad on Oct. 15, 1918 with his bayonet.  For this feat, he was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor.  His bravery was the subject of wide publicity in the American press, and Current Biography later stated he was the most famous man in the A.E.F.  He was with Joyce Kilmer, the poet, when Kilmer was shot down.  In 1919 and 1920, Donovan was sent on secret missions to China and Siberia. After the war, J.P. Morgan established the Foreign Commercial Corp. to float $2 billion in bonds in postwar Europe.  In February, 1920, he asked Donovan to make a secret tour of Europe to obtain intelligence relating to these bonds.  Cave Brown described this mission, “Having helped to finance the war, Morgan wished to help finance the peace by expanding the House of Morgan’s interests widely ..... These activities required the best intelligence from the best sources in Europe.  Donovan and the Rainbow Division intelligence officer, Grayson Mallet-Prevost Murphy, had been retained by John Lord O’Brian’s firm to obtain that intelligence, working in secrecy.”  Morgan reportedly paid Donovan $200,000 for this operation. During his European reconnaissance, Donovan met Adolf Hitler at Berchtesgaden, and spent an evening with him in his room at Pension Moritz.  Donovan later claimed he had not known who Hitler was, but that he found him a “fascinating talker”. In 1922, Donovan was appointed U.S. District Attorney for New York.  In 1924, Atty. Gen. Harlan F. Stone, Donovan’s Columbia law professor, asked him to come to Washington as Asst. Atty. Gen.  Donovan and his wife bought a house in Georgetown (later the home of Katharine Meyer) at 1637 30th St.  Donovan’s first official act was to demand that Stone fire J. Edgar Hoover from the Bureau of Investigation.  Instead, Stone, who was Hoover’s patron as well as Donovan’s, appointed Hoover Director of the Bureau of Investigation Dec. 18, 1924. Donovan also became involved in another political football, the prosecution of Senator Burton K. Wheeler.  Wheeler was defended by Senator Tom Walsh, one of the most powerful politicians in Washington, but Donovan, against all advice to the contrary, insisted on proceeding with the prosecution.  It was said that the charges against Wheeler were “ludicrous”, and Stone asked Donovan to drop the case, but he stubbornly proceeded to indict Wheeler before a District of Columbia grand jury.  When the case was tried in Great Falls, the jury deliberated only ten minutes before bringing in a verdict of acquittal for Wheeler. Such a boner would have destroyed the careers of most men in Washington, but Donovan was under the protection of Herbert Hoover, his associate from World War I.  Between 1924 and 1928, he was Hoover’s closest associate.  Hoover took him to the Bohemian Club, the sacrosanct West Coast powerhouse where he was the directing figure.  Hoover then persuaded President Coolidge to appoint Donovan to the Colorado River Commission, a seven state authority which organized the proposals for the Hoover Dam (later renamed the Boulder Dam by FDR, and still later, renamed the Hoover Dam by Act of Congress in 1947.)  During the 1920s, Republican politicians favored the nomination of Dawes for president.  Although it seemed that he was backing a sure loser, Donovan worked as Hoover’s top strategist for four years.  When Hoover was nominated on the first ballot at the Republican Convention (a tribute to the power of the Rothschilds), Donovan wrote his acceptance speech.  It was understood that Donovan was to be Hoover’s running mate.  However, Hoover immediately realized that because he was running against Al Smith, a Roman Catholic, he would lose the massive anti-catholic vote if he picked Donovan, also a Roman Catholic, as his running mate.  Hoover had no intention of losing his trump card in the forthcoming election.  He cast Donovan aside without a second thought, and even refused to consider him for a cabinet post, such as Attorney General, probably the only time in American politics that the architect of a successful Presidential campaign was denied a position on the team or in the Cabinet. The disheartened Donovan decided to forego political life.  In 1929, he organized the law firm of Donovan, Leisure, Newton and Irvine, with offices at 2 Wall St.  He also took a 23 room suite at the Shoreham Hotel for the firm’s Washington offices.  During ensuing years, Donovan rarely saw his wife, although they were never legally separated.  Dunlop’s biography of Donovan notes that “He always had his pick of feminine admirers.  To many of the women he met, Donovan was irresistible.”  Ruth Donovan stayed at their summer home on the South Shore of Massachusetts, or at their New York apartment on Beekman Place. Despite his disappointment with Hoover, Donovan continued to take an active role in national politics.  He ran Knox’s campaign for the Republican nomination in 1936, and his firm defended American Telephone and Telegraph in an anti-trust suit by the government.  Donovan won handily, which brought in a new influx of business to his firm. In 1937, Donovan renewed his association with the Rothschilds.  The Viennese branch of the family had lost extensive holdings in Bohemia when the Nazis moved into Czechoslovakia.  Because Donovan had already established a network of informants in the highest echelons of the Nazi government, including Admiral Canaris, the Rothschilds asked him to salvage their interests.  He went to Germany to argue their case, but despite his important contacts, he was defeated by Hitler’s view of the Rothschilds as a symbol of what he hoped to achieve in his battle against “the international bankers”.  The Rothschilds were not overly concerned;  they knew that World War II was on its way, and that the outcome had been decided in advance. Donovan won another important legal victory in 1937, when he and a staff of 57 lawyers defended 18 oil firms against anti-trust charges.  His clients were let off with nominal fines, and once again Donovan was considered the winner. His German contacts now invited him to observe the Nuremberg maneuvers, as a guest of the German General Staff.  He also accompanied them on a trip to observe the progress of the Spanish Civil War.  Although he was there as an invited guest of “the Fascists”, Donovan was soon to build the OSS around the hard core of the Communist Lincoln Brigade.  He met Kim Philby in Spain, who was writing about the Civil War as a “pro-Nazi” journalist, a pose he carried off successfully despite his recent marriage to Litzi Friedmann, a fanatical Communist and Zionist provocateur. On April 10, 1940, Donovan’s daughter, Patricia wrecked her car near Fredericksburg, Va. and was killed.  She was his only daughter;  there was also one son, David, who married Mary Grandin, Patricia’s roommate at boarding school, and heiress of a wealthy Philadelphia family.  Associates said that Donovan never got over his daughter’s death.  Because he had received the Congressional Medal of Honor, Patricia was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.  His grief-stricken wife left for a round the world cruise on Irving Johnson’s ship, Yankee. On May 29, 1940, William Stephenson arrived in New York with a letter to Donovan from Admiral Blinker Hall, a British Naval Intelligence officer whom Donovan had met in 1916.  The letter proposed an American intelligence agency, although we were not at war.  Franklin D. Roosevelt sent Donovan to London with orders to develop this program, as an “unofficial observer”.  Despite efforts at secrecy, there was widespread journalistic speculation about his mission for Roosevelt.  He then made a tour of southeast Europe for the President, gauging the status of the German occupied countries.  Although this was an obvious espionage mission, the Germans placed no obstacles in his path.  They were anxious to maintain good relations with the United States. After Donovan delivered his report to the President, he was named Coordinator of Information by the White House.  Because he had had no experience in propaganda work, the office was later split into the Office of War Information, Executive Order 9128, and the Office of Strategic Services, Military Order of June 13, 1942.  Donovan was placed in charge of the OSS. The “new” agency was from the outset merely an outpost of British Intelligence.  On Sept. 18, 1941, Col. E.I. Jacob, Churchill’s military secretary, was informed by Maj. Desmond Morton Church, Churchill’s liason with the British secret service,     “Another most secret fact of which the Prime Minister is aware is that to all intents and purposes U.S. Security is being run for them at the President’s request by the British.  A British officer sits in Washington with Mr. Edgar Hoover and General Bill Donovan for this purpose.  It is of course essential that this fact should not be known.” For some months, Donovan had been living in a suite at the St. Regis Hotel in New York.  He and William Stephenson had been meeting regularly since 1940 to organize the new agency.  Stephenson was working directly under Col. Stewart Menzies, head of Special Operations Executive, the top British intelligence agency.  As cover, Menzies was Colonel in the Life Guards, the escort troop of the King.  Stephenson was head of SIS, (Special Intelligence Section).  When Donovan had left for London July 15, 1940 on his mission for Roosevelt, Stephenson had wired London, “Col. Wm. J. Donovan, personally representing the President, left yesterday by clipper.  U.S. Embassy not, repeat, not being informed.” This was a replay of the House-Wilson-Wiseman operation during World War I.  Not only were the American people left in the dark, but concerned agencies were never told what the conspirators had planned.  Donovan’s London mission was a slap in the face to the U.S. Ambassador, Joseph Kennedy.  Roosevelt called Donovan “my secret legs”, and he assured Stephenson in a private interview, “I’m your biggest undercover agent.” In “A Man Called Intrepid”, Stephenson is quoted as saying that after April, 1939, “The President was one of us.”  It was also in 1939 that Roosevelt privately told Mackenzie King, Prime Minister of Canada and a longtime Rockefeller agent, “Our frontier is on the Rhine.”  This same book quotes Churchill as saying, on the eve of war, “We need Rockefeller and Rothschild.”  Stephenson replied, “I can find the Rockefellers and they’ll support us.  We can offer our secret intelligence in return for help.” Indeed, the Rockefellers gave Stephenson an entire floor rent free at Rockefeller Center, where the agency has operated ever since.  A later book, “Intrepid’s Last Case” notes that “What some would later call the secret SIS Secret Occupation of Manhattan began in 1990.  By 1941, J. Edgar Hoover was complaining that the Rockefeller Center headquarters of British Security Coordination controlled an army of British secret agents, a group of nine distinct secret agencies.  Attorney General Biddle was quoted as saying ‘The truth is nobody knows anything about what Stephenson does’.” Had “anyone” known, Stephenson would have had to be arrested and deported.  German sailors were being deliberately murdered by Stephenson’s provocateurs in New York as acts designed to force Hitler to declare war against the United States.  The INTREPID file in SOE (Stephenson’s cover name) described it as “a reign of terror conducted by specially trained agents and fortified by espionage and intelligence in Occupied Europe.”  Every act of Donovan and Stephenson was a violation of American neutrality.  Donovan’s law office at 2 Wall Street was next to the Passport Control Office.  He had special passports prepared for Stephenson’s British agents.  Stephenson had offices at three locations, Hampshire House, Dorset Hotel, and Rockefeller Center.  Allen Dulles had opened a branch office of Coordinator of Information at Rockefeller Center in 1940.  He evicted all the tenants on the 25th floor of 30 Rockefeller Plaza, which was the floor above the UK Commercial Corporation, whose president was William Stephenson.  This agency was set up after Stephenson complained on April 14, 1941 that Standard Oil was supplying the Germans through Spain, and that it was acting as a hostile and dangerous agency of the enemy.  A 400 page report by Stephenson listing Standard Oil and other American corporations dealings with the Germans was turned over to the FBI in 1941.  J. Edgar Hoover prudently buried it. Nelson Rockefeller, as Coordinator of Inter American Affairs, covered up the supplying of German military forces from his South American subsidiaries.  Listed in the Stephenson Report were Standard Oil, I.G. Farben, a subsidiary of Standard Oil;  Ford Motor Co.;  Bayer Aspirin (Sterling Drug);  General Aniline and Film;  Ansco; and International Telephone and Telegraph.  Co. Sosthenes Behn, head of ITT, had hosted a lavish conference of German intelligence operatives at the Waldorf Astoria in 1940.  The German director of ITT was Baron Kurt von Schroder, of the Schroder banking family of Cologne, London and New York, who was Hitler’s personal banker. The OSS was actually set up by four members of the British Chief of Staff:  Lord Louis Mountbatten (formerly Battenberg), a cousin of the King, and related to the Frankfort banking families, Rothschild and Cassel;  Charles Hambro, director of Special Operations Executive, and director of Hambros Bank;  Col. Stewart Menzies, head of Secret Intelligence Service;  and William Stephenson, in charge of SIS American operations.  An ancestor of Col. Menzies had been a notorious Jacobite double agent during the last days of James II’s reign.  The present Menzies was the son of Lady Holford;  he married Lady Sackville, daughter of the 8th Earl de la Warre, of the Sackville-West family which owned historic Knole;  second, he married Pamela Beckett, daughter of J.Rupert Beckett, chmn of Westminster Bank, now National Westminster Bank, one of England’s Big Five.  Menzies’ mother-in-law was the daughter of Lord Berkeley Paget, Marquess of Anglesey. Menzies’ daughter married Lord Edward Hay, Marquess of Tweedsdale, Earl of Kinoull, related to Countess of Errol.  The present Sir Peter Menzies is a director of National Westminster Bank, treasurer of the giant Imperial Chemical Industries, and director of Commercial Union Assurance Co. In the British Who’s Who, 1950, Col. Menzies noted that he had been appointed “C”, head of MI6 from 1939-51, but in later editions, he omitted this information. Ford states in his “Acknowledgements”, “Lord Mountbatten of Burma was a close personal friend of Donovan as one of the four members of the British Chief of Staff Committee which helped Donovan in the formation and operation of Office of Strategic Services.” The “American” secret service was never anything but a British operation, directed at all levels by representatives of the British Crown.  OSS agents received advanced training for the European theater at Bletchley Park, British espionage headquarters.  This site was chosen because it was only ten miles from Woburn Abbey, where Lord Beaverbrook’s agent, Sefton Delmer, operated the British “dirty tricks” center and other propaganda activities.  Woburn Abbey was the ancestral home of the Duke of Bedford, Marquess of Tavistock.  The British Bureau of Psychological, Warfare operated as the Tavistock Institute. The membership list of CFR members in 1946 reveals the names of many OSS and OWI operatives;  Lyman Bryson, who was with the American Red Cross in Paris, 1918-19, chief of special operations, OWI 1942, and a director of CBS;  Thomas W. Childs, Rhodes Scholar, Paris representative of Sullivan & Cromwell (the Dulles law firm), exec. asst. to British Govt.  War Supply US, British Embassy, Washington, 1940-45, partner Lazard Freres 1995-48, holds Order of the British Empire, leader in English-Speaking Union;  Nicholas Roosevelt, American Commission to Negotiate Peace, Paris, 1919, OWI 1942-43;  Joseph Barnes, director OWI’s Foreign Operations, organized Willkie’s world tour 1942, coined the phrase “One World”, identified as a Communist agent;  Elmo Roper, the famed pollsterSS agent 1942-45; Gaudens Megaro, chief Italian Section OSS 194;-045;  Henry Sturgis Morgan, son of J.P. Morgan, director Pullman, General Electric; Shepard Morgan, London director OSS 1943-44, was with Federal Reserve Bank of New York 1916-24, director reparations payments Berlin 1924-30 supervised by Chase Natl. Bank, later chmn Natl Bureau of Economic Research, the Rockefeller propaganda operation;  John Gardner, OSS Europe 1999-45, then joined the Carnegie Corp.;  Allen W. Dulles chief OSS Europe, director J. Henry Schroder, later first director CIA;  John Haskell, OSS 1943-44, formerly with Natl City Co.1925-31. Another son of J.P. Morgan, Junius, was placed in charge of OSS finances.  Paul Mellon and his brother-in-law, David Bruce joined OSS – Bruce was in charge of the London office, later was Ambassador to France.  OSS also had operatives from the Vanderbilt, Archbold, DuPont and Ryan families, giving rise to the quip that OSS meant “Oh So Social”.  James Paul Warburg, son of Paul (who had written the Federal Reserve Act), was Donovan’s personal assistant in setting up OSS.  William J. Casey, present head of CIA, was chief of secret intelligence OSS Europe. In Feb. 1981, OSS veterans held a gala reunion in New York.  Present were Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister of England;  Julia Child;  Beverly Woodner, Hollywood designer;  John Shaheen, who had been chief of OSS Special Projects now a wealthy oil man;  Ernest Cuneo, who had been liaison between OSS and FDR;  Arthur Goldberg, labor lawyer and Zionist leader, later Supreme Court Justice and U.S. Ambassador to the U.N.;  Bill Colby, later chief of CIA;  and Temple Fielding, the travel authority who began his travel expertise with OSS.  One of OSS’ most famous agents who didn’t show up, was Ho Chi Minh. OSS agents became prominent members of “the new class” in Washington;  Archibald MacLeish became Librarian of Congress;  Ralph Bunche became U.S. Representative to the U.N.;  S. Dillon Ripley became head of the Smithsonian. Donovan had been chosen to head the OSS because of two decades in which he carried out secret missions for the Morgans, the Rockefellers and the Rothschilds.  When he staffed the agency with known Communists, they offered no objection.  He had earlier provided unpaid legal help for members of the Communist mercenary force, the Abraham Lincoln Brigade.  Now he welcomed these veteran “anti-Fascists” into OSS.  Ford writes, “In the OSS employment of pro-communists was approved at very high levels.  OSS often welcomed the services of Marxist enthusiasts.” When J. Edgar Hoover, eager to embarrass a rival, sent agents to Donovan with FBI dossiers on Communist OSS employees, Donovan replied, “I know they’re Communists–that’s why I hired them.”  Donovan loaded OSS with such fanatical Communists that they became a joke in Washington.  He appointed Dr. Maurice Halperin Chief Latin American Div. OSS.  Halperin regularly altered the information which came across his desk to fit the current party line.  He often kept his office locked, causing other OSS employees to joke that “Halperin must be having another cell meeting.”  After the war, J. Edgar Hoover testified before Congress about Halperin’s Communist background.  Halperin later moved to Moscow, then to Havana. Despite the damning dossiers which J. Edgar Hoover maintained on leading Communists in the OSS, he could find no politician willing to buck FDR’s three White House assistants, Hiss, Currie and White.  Eleanor Roosevelt had been one of the most frenetic activists on behalf of the Lincoln Brigade.  Joe Lash gave her a small bronze of a Communist soldier, which she kept on her desk for the rest of her life.  Donovan even appointed Irving Goff head of OSS in Italy after the Salerno landing.  Goff had been commander of the Lincoln Brigade, and was later chairman of the Communist Party in Louisiana and New York. The Spanish Civil War had created an alliance between American “intellectuals” and the Communists.  In “Passionate Years”, Peter Wyden reports that Archivist Victor A. Berch, of Brandeis University, said 40% of the Lincoln Brigade were Jewish.  Oddly enough, the “Fascists”, the Falange, was led by two marranos, General Franco and his financial backer, Juan March.  March paid for Franco’s return to Spain with a $2 million credit at Kleinwort’s of London.  In July, 1936, March placed $82 million of securities in Nationalist accounts.  He deposited $1.5 billion in gold at the Bank of Italy, 121.5 metric tons greater than the gold reserve of most nations. The Communists stole the Spanish gold reserve and shipped it to Russia.  NKVD General Alexander Orlov, on orders from “Ivan Vasilyevitch”, a rare code name for Stalin, loaded Spain’s gold reserve on the Soviet ship Komsomol Oct. 25, 1936;  it arrived in Odessa Nov. 2, and was trucked to Moscow’s Precious Metals Deposit, Gohkran, $788 million.  $240 million had also been shipped to France from Spain. The Lincoln volunteers surrendered their passports to NKVD officers when they arrived in Spain.  These passports were then routinely used in Communist espionage.  The murderer of Trotsky was arrested in Mexico with a Canadian passport issued to Tony Babich, who was killed in the Civil War.  Gouzenko later exposed a Communist agent in Los Angeles using the passport of Ignacy Witczak.  Witnesses saw stacks of these Lincoln passports stacked in the Lubianka prison, waiting to be used. Ernest Hemingway wrote that “The Spanish Civil War was the happiest time of our lives.”  He modelled his hero in “For Whom the Bell Tolls” on Robert Merriman, a Moscow agent who was receiving a $900 a year fellowship from the University of California.  Hemingway wrote and produced a film, “The Spanish Earth” to raise money for the Communists, aided by Archibald Macleish, Dashiell Hammett and Lillian Hellmann.  Hemingway put up $2750 for the film, and donated all his royalties.  He toured Hollywood to raise funds for the Communists, an effort reciprocated when they named his book “For Whom the Bell Tolls” a book-of-the-Month Club selection and a multi-million dollar Hollywood production.  This was how one achieved “artistic success” in the 1940’s. The English contingent fighting in Spain for the Communists included Virginia Woolf’s nephew, Julian Bell, who was killed, and Eric Blair, later known as George Orwell.  He was in the front line for 112 days before being wounded.  He later wrote “1984” a propaganda coup for the World Order which claimed no one would be able to withstand their power.  He concluded “1984” with the observation that the future would be marked by a jackboot being stamped into the human face forever. Journalists to a man rallied to the Communist cause.  A.M. Rosenthal, executive editor of the New York Times, said of his brother-in-law, George Watt, Commissar of the Lincoln Battalion, “God, how I admired that man.  He was my hero.”  Herbert L. Matthews wrote in 1946, “Nothing so wonderful will ever happen to me again as those two and a half years 1 spent in Spain.  There I learned that men could be brothers.  Today, wherever in this world I meet a man or woman who fought for Spanish liberty I meet a kindred soul.  Nothing will ever break that bond.  We left our hearts there.”  Despite his despair, Matthews was able to relive the glory of Spanish years when he promoted Castro and a band of six guerillas into the dictatorship of Cuba, through a frenetic propaganda barrage in the New York Times. Kim Philby, later active with the OSS and CIA as British Liaison also was prominent in the Spanish Civil War.  Son of the famed Arabist, Sir Harold Philby, he joined the Cambridge Socialist Society in 1929.  He worked for the British Treasury 1932-33 and was recruited by the communist party.  In 1934, in Vienna, he married Litzi Friedmann, a communist agent.  Witness at the marriage was Teddy Kollek, later a fundraiser for the Israeli terrorists, now Mayor of Tel Aviv. Working as a Soviet mole, Philby was financed by the Schroder Bank in 1934 to publish a pro-Hitler magazine for the Anglo-German Fellowship.  The Times then sent him to Spain to cover the Civil War.  He took as his mistress the divorced wife of Sir Anthony Lindsay-Hogg, Frances Doble, a Falangist sympathizer whose Salamanca palace became his Spanish headquarters.  The daughter of a Canadian banker, Doble lavishly entertained the Falangist leaders.  Philby Frequently met General Franco there. Philby was recruited for the British SIS in 1940.  In 1942, he helped Norman Holmes Pearson, a Yale professor who specialized in the work of Ezra Pound, to set up the London office of OSS with Charles Hambro chief of SOE.  In 1949, Philby was sent to Washington as SIS liaison officer with the CIA and FBI.  J. Edgar Hoover frequently lunched at Harvey’s Restaurant with Philby and James Angleton of the CIA.  While CIA station chief in Rome, Angleton worked closely with the Zionist terrorists Teddy Kollek and Jacob Meridor, and later became chief of the Israeli desk at the CIA, helping Philby to set up the lavishly funded international Mossad espionage operation, all paid for by American taxpayers.  A senior CIA security official, C. Edward Petty, later reported that Angleton might be a Soviet penetration agent or mole, but President Gerald Ford suppressed the report. Top secret files of the CIA and FBI were opened to Philby, despite widespread claims that he was a Soviet agent.  Although he helped Burgess and MacLean defect to Russia in 1951, he continued to work for SIS until 1956, under the protection of Harold MacMillan, who defended him publicly in parliamentary debate.  In 1962 and Englishwoman at a party in Israel said, “As usual Kim is doing what his Russian Control tells him.  I know that he always worked for the Reds.”  Miles Copeland says that Philby placed a mole in deep cover in the CIA known as “Mother”.  Philby was quoted as saying, “Foreign agencies spying on the U.S. Government know exactly what one person in the CIA wants them to know, no more and no less.”  Philby was finally exposed by a defector, Michael Goleniewski.  On Jan. 23, 1963, Philby left Beirut and defected to Moscow, where he became a Lt. Gen. in the KGB.  On June 10, 1984, Tad Szulc wrote in the Washington Post that Philby was never a Soviet agent, according to CIA memoranda introduced in a lawsuit, but that he was a triple agent.  This explains curious paradoxes in the supposed rivalry between the CIA and the KGB, when certain charmed souls float easily back and forth between the two services.  Agents of either service are “eliminated” when they find out more than is good for them about this odd arrangement. “Intrepid’s Last Case” states that “For 38 years there was an official NKVD mission in London whose agents were assisted by both British Special Operations and the American OSS.  Only now is it clear that Moscow had received hundreds of top secret OSS research studies;  and that the British had supplied guerilla warfare expertise to the chief of the NKVD’s subversive operations, Col. A.P. Ossikov !” In 1993, Donovan was sent on a special mission to Moscow, to establish a permanent alliance between the OSS and the NKVD.  Donovan, W. Averill Harriman, and Lt. Gen. Fitin and Maj. Gen A.P. Ossikov of the NKVD worked out a plan to establish offices of the NKVD in key American cities.  On Feb. 10, 1944, J. Edgar Hoover sent a confidential message to Harry Hopkins, “I have just learned from a confidential source that a liaison arrangement has been perfected between the OSS and the NKVD whereby officers will be exchanged between the services;  the NKVD will set up an office in Washington.”  Hopkins was forced to contact Atty. Gen. Biddle to alert the Dept. of justice to this operation;  because of the coming election, Roosevelt prudently withdrew his support for the plan. Because of their co-operation with the NKVD and the prominent Communists in OSS, General Douglas MacArthur refused to allow any OSS agent in his theater of operations in the Pacific.  Donovan went to MacArthur’s headquarters on April 2, 1944 and made a personal appeal to him, but was rebuffed.  MacArthur considered the OSS agents more dangerous to American Security than any military opponents.  In Donovan’s Washington headquarters, Estelle Frankfurter was caught stealing confidential OSS reports.  She was discharged, although her brother, justice Felix Frankfurter, was Roosevelt’s closest confidante.  As organizer of the Harold Ware cell, Frankfurter had placed Soviet operatives in many Government agencies, and had put his personal protege, Alger Hiss, in FDR’s office.  Frankfurter’s brother, Otto, served a sentence in Anamosa State Prison, Iowa for Fraud. While Joseph E. Davies was Ambassador to Moscow, the State Dept. in 1937-38 was ordered to destroy all of its irreplaceable files on the Soviet Union.  The Russian Division of the State Dept. was abolished, and the last anti-communist survivors were summarily fired. Since 1935, seven Soviet networks of espionage had been active throughout Europe.  Known by their German name, die Rote Kapelle, the Red Orchestra, they were run by Grand Chief Leopold Trepper, who later emigrated to Israel.  In January, 1942, Allen Dulles enlisted die Rote Kapelle to form an anti-German group led by Baron Wolfgang von Pultitz, who later arranged for the defection to East Germany of Otto John, head of West Germany’s FBI.  During World War II, both von Pultitz and John had worked under Charles Hambro at Britain’s SOA. General Alfred E. Wedemeyer later testified that in 1942 he had proposed a guaranteed plan to shorten the war by at least a year, invading France across the Channel.  Winston Churchill argued for his “soft Underbelly” approach through North Africa and Sicily.  Gen. Marshall called Wedemeyer before Churchill and Roosevelt to explain his plan, on which he had worked for months, perfecting every detail.  Churchill persuaded Roosevelt to postpone the Wedemeyer plan for another year, while the Churchill plan was put into action in North Africa in Nov. 1942.  Wedemeyer’s plan was vindicated in 1946 by Gen. Franz Halder, Chief of Staff of the German Army, who said the Wedemeyer cross-Channel invasion would have been a decisive and timely blow which would have shortened the war by at least a year.  However, ending the war in 1943 would have cost the munitions manufacturers many billions in profits.  Ezra Pound broadcast on July 17, 1943.     “I reckon my last talk was the most courageous I have ever given.  I was playing with fire.  I was openly talking about how the war may be prolonged, by fellows who were scared that the war might stop.  I mean they’re scared right out of their little gray panties, for fear economic equity might set in as soon as guns stop shooting or shortly thereafter.  The stage scenery fell with a flop, simultaneously with some anti-Axis successes.” What was Pound talking about ?  Stage scenery – what a cynical way to describe a world conflagration in which one hundred million people were dying.  Pound exposed the charade.  Early in the war, a British Secret Service operation, Operation Ultra, had obtained the German coding machine.  They were able to read every secret order from Hitler and the German General Staff.  It was like shooting fish in a barrel.  F.W. Winterbotham, chief of Air Intelligence, SIS, wrote about his operation of Ultra, “The Ultra Secret”.  He says, “On Aug. 2 (1944) which I remember, covered two whole sheets of my Ultra paper, Hitler told Kluge not to pay any attention to the American breakout.  He then outlined his master plan for handling the entire invasion.” Had Hitler had access to all secret communications of the Allies, he would have had an unbeatable advantage.  The Allies listened to all of his orders, and reacted accordingly.  Early in the war, Ultra informed them that the Germans were planning a massive bombing raid on Coventry.  If they evacuated the city, it would show the Germans they were listening to their plans.  Churchill ordered the British to do nothing.  The Germans bombed Coventry, killing thousands of women and children.  The Ultra secret was protected at the cost of many British lives. The British also had a double agent, Baron Wilhelm de Ropp, who was Hitler’s personal confidante on British policy.  De Ropp had lived in England since 1910.  He married an English wife, but maintained an apartment on the Kurfurstendamm, as a journalist moving between Germany and England.  His closest friend in England was F.W. Winterbotham, chief of Air Intelligence.  In Feb. 1939, de Ropp took Winterbotham to Germany, where he conferred with Hitler, Rudolf Hess, and von Milch, head of the German Air Force.  Winterbotham writes, “By 1934, I had obtained personal contact with the Head of State, Hitler, and with Alfred Rosenberg, the official Nationalist Party Philosopher and Foreign Affairs expert, and Rudolf Hess, Hitler’s deputy.  From my personal meetings with Hitler I learned about his basic belief that the only hope for an ordered world was that it should be ruled by three superior powers, the British Empire, the Greater Americas, and the new Greater Reich.  I felt that his desperate desire for peace was no bluff.  (At Dunkirk) Hitler told his General Staff exactly what he had told me in 1939;  it was necessary that the great civilization Britain had brought to the world should continue to exist and that all he wanted from Britain was that she should acknowledge Germany’s position on the Continent.” Hitler failed to comprehend the depravity of the behind the scenes figures of the World Order who had gained control of the British Empire with the South Africa wealth they had won in the Boer War.  This hoard of gold and diamonds represented the greatest influx of new purchasing power into Europe since the Spanish galleons brought in the gold of the Incas.  The resistance encountered in this war caused the planners to resolve that in the future, wars would be managed as precisely as any other business operation.  Their philosophy of Hegelian determinism called for setting up two opposing forces, thesis and anti-thesis, which would be thrown against each other in conflict to produce an outcome, synthesis. Between the two World Wars, it was necessary to rearm Germany, and also to back a German Government strong enough to prepare the nation for another war.  The same people who had supplied Germany from 1916 to 1918 in order to keep World War I going now backed the Nazis to produce a Second World War.  The Schroders and Rothschilds had set up Hoover with the Belgian Relief Commission, in partnership with Emile Francqui, “the Beast of the Congo”, later the U.S. Food Administration, run by selfless men who inexplicably amassed sudden fortunes in sugar, grain and shipping.  Two of these men, Prentiss Gray and Julius H. Barnes, then became partners in Schroder Co. The New York Times Dec. 11, 1940 noted that “Baron Bruno von Schröder died at his home here, Dell Park, Englefield Green, Surrey.  He came to England in 1900 and was naturalized in 1914.  He established J. Henry Schroder & Co. in London 1904 and in New York, 1923.  His son Helmut W.B. Schroder now becomes head of the firm.  His partner Frank Cyril Tiarks has been a director of the Bank of England since 1912.  In 1923, Baron von Schroder bought the Baghdad Railway.  The deal was the biggest ever made under cover of the Lausanne Conference disposing of former German concessions in Turkey, and the Rothschilds and Lloyd’s Bank shared with Baron Schroder in the syndicate that advanced $25 million to start the rebuilding of the lines.” The importance of the Schroder firm between the two world wars is shown by the following excerpts;  New York Times Dec. 3,1923; “The first installment of capital for the new currency bank which will grow out of the Rentenbank was issued in Berlin today in the shape of checks in pounds sterling, to the value of 25 million gold marks ($6,250,000) from the London bankers Schroder & Co., whose share in the capital loan is 100,000,000 gold marks, ($25,000,000).  Baron Henry Schroder who is the head of the firm, has long been closely connected with German financial interests in the international field.” New York Times Nov. 25, 1928;  “J. Henry Schroder Banking Corp. Finance and Trade Commentary states, ‘If, in the forthcoming reparations conference, the external obligations of Germany are fixed at some reasonable figure, it would be an important step in Germany’s whole economic recovery’.” New York Times, Nov. 2, 1928:  “J. Henry Schroder Co. floats a $10,000,000 6% loan to Prussian Electric Power Co. in partnership with Brown Bros Harriman.” New York Times, Nov. 14, 1929; “The Prussian State has arranged a $5 million loan from J. Henry Schroder Co. to extend Stettin Harbor.” New York Times, Jan. 27,1933; “The City Co. of New York and the J. Henry Schroder Trust Co. have been designated as German bond scrip agents by the Gold Discount Bank of Berlin.  Representatives of American houses of issue said yesterday that they were without direct advice from Berlin, where the Germans and representatives of other creditors are now conferring.  The bankers are represented there by John Foster Dulles of the law firm of Sullivan and Cromwell.” New York Times, April 19, 1940; “The J. Henry Schroder Banking Corp. has succeeded Speyer & Co. as fiscal and paying agent for city of Berlin 25 years 6½% gold bonds due in 1950.” A leading economist, Professor von Wiegand, has gone on record criticizing the present writer for statements about the Schroder Co. claiming the firm had little or no connection with Germany, apparently because he had not researched the subject in the New York Times.  The president of J. Henry Schroder also issued a denial in 1944 that they had done any business in Germany. Adolf Hitler had joined the German Workers Party in 1919 because it was supported by the Thule Society, an influential German society of aristocrats and financiers.  In 1921, Hitler met with Admiral Schroder, commander of the German Marine Corps.  In Dec. 1931, the circle of Friends was formed, twelve prominent German businessmen who promised to donate regularly to the Nazi Party.  Baron Kurt von Schroder, partner of J.H. Stein Co. Cologne bankers, was the leader of this group.  J.H. Stein then became Hitler’s personal banker.  Hitler’s aide, Walther Funk, met with Schroder to discuss the real views of Hitler on questions concerning the international bankers.  Funk was able to satisfy Schroder, and the financial support of the Nazi Party continued. Maj. Winterbotham points out that Lord Montagu Norman, Governor of the Bank of England for more than thirty years, was Hjalmar Schacht’s best friend.  Schacht, Hitler’s Finance Minister, named his grandson Norman because of the friendship.  Paul Einzig, in “Appeasement Before, During and After the war”, says “On May 29, 1933, Mr. F.C. Tiarks of the British Banking Delegation met with Dr. Schacht, and found Dr. Schact’s attitude wholly satisfactory.”  Mr. Tiarks was a longtime partner of J. Henry Schroder and director of the Bank of England since 1912.  His granddaughter married the present Duke of Bedford. On p.78, Einzig says, “Towards the end of 1936 a new firm was registered in London under the name of Compensation Brokers Ltd. which was controlled by the banking house of J. Henry Schroder & Co., and Hambro’s Bank Ltd., with the declared object of assisting with barter transactions between Germany and various parts of the English Empire.” When Alfred Rosenberg came to London, he was introduced to many leading figures, including Geoffrey Dawson, editor of the Times, Walter Eliot, M.P. Lord Hailsham, secretary for War, and the Duke of Kent, brother of king Edward VIII and George VI.  The Duke of Coburg, a close friend of Hitler, had three long talks with King Edward VIII on his accession in January 1936.  Edward assured the Duke of his sympathies with the Third Reich.  In 1965, the then Duke of Windsor remarked, “I never thought Hitler was such a bad chap.”  The story behind Edward’s sudden abdication was that his advisers realized he would not sign the papers for mobilisation against Germany.  An American divorcee was brought into the picture.  She led Edward off to the Rothschild castle in Austria, while his “slightly retarded” brother George was installed as King of England. During the mid-thirties, three isolationist groups were active in England, “The Link”, led by Admiral Sir Barry Domvile, and composed of genuinely patriotic Englishmen;  the Anglo-German Fellowship, organized by J. Henry Schroder Co. with the help of the Soviet mole Kim Philby to lull Hitler into the belief that England would never declare war on him;  and “the Cliveden Set”, who met at Lord Astor’s palatial castle, Gliveden, to promote “appeasement”. On Jan. 4, 1933, Hitler met with the Dulles brothers at the Cologne home of Baron Kurt von Schroder to guarantee Hitler the funds needed to install him as Chancellor of Germany.  The Dulles Bros. were there as legal representatives of Kuhn, Loeb Co., which had extended large short-term credits to Germany, and needed a guarantee of repayment.  Allen Dulles was later esconced in Switzerland by the OSS during World War II.  Still later, he became Director of the CIA.  He had been a director of J. Henry Schroder Co. for many years. On June 11, 1934, Lord Norman and Schacht met secretly at Badenweiler in the Black Forest, and again in Oct. 1934, to guarantee loans to National Socialist Germany. The J.H. Stein Bank of Cologne and the London and New York branches of Schroder Bank were correspondent banks often involved in transactions throughout the Hitler regime.  Baron Kurt von Schroder was a member of the Herrenklub, the most influential group in Germany, and the Thule Society, which had most Hitler’s career in 1919.  He was director of all of ITT’s German subsidiaries, SS Senior Group Leader, Deutsche Reichsbank, and many other high-ranking positions (listed by the Kilgore Committee, 1940). On Sept. 30, 1933, the financial editor of the London Daily Herald wrote about “Mr. Montagu Norman’s decision to give the Nazis the backing of the Bank of England.”  Norman’s biographer, John Hargrave, writes, “It is quite certain that Norman did all he could to assist Hitlerism to gain and maintain political power, operating on the financial plane from his stronghold in Threadneedle Street.” Another Hitler supporter was Sir Henry Deterding, of Royal Dutch Shell, which had been founded by the Samuel family.  In May, 1933, Alfred Rosenberg was a guest at Deterding’s large estate, Buckhurst Park, Ascot, one mile from Windsor Castle.  Oswald Dutch writes that in 1931 Sir Henri Deterding and his backers, the Samuel family, gave Hitler 30 Million pounds.  Deterding then divorced his wife, and married his secretary, an ardent Nazi and German. Otto Strasser wrote that Schroder agreed to “foot the bill” for the Nazi Party at a secret meeting, and guaranteed their debts, ending up collecting a generous amount of interest on his original capital.  (Senate Hearings, Committee for Military Affairs, 1945). In England, journalist Claud Cockburn led the fight against the “Cliveden Set”, seemingly unaware that three of the Astors had founded the Royal Institute of International Affairs.  He wrote indignantly, “The Astors and others clustered around Chamberlain were a set of appeasers who saw Hitler’s regime and their collaboration with it as necessary to maintain the social order they preferred.” The Cockburns are too self-limited to understand that the “appeasers” collaborated with Hitler only to obtain the world war which was essential to their world program.  Hitler was duped into going into the Rhineland, duped into going into Czechoslovakia, and duped into attaching Poland.  The advertised belief is that he was amazed at the weakness of the opposition to these moves;  in fact, he had been promised there would be no opposition, until he went into Poland and discovered he had been duped. Once Hitler had served his purpose, these same bankers plotted to assassinate him.  We know the names of Count von Stauffenberg and Fabian von Schlabrendorff, aristocrats who tried to kill Hitler, but on July 22, 1984, the Washington Post revealed the name of the master-mind, Axel von dem Bussche.  He married the daughter of the Earl of Gosford, Baron Acheson, air attache at the Paris Embassy.  Baron Acheson had married the daughter of John Ridgely Carter, a partner of J.P. Morgan Co., whose father, a Baltimore lawyer, had been legal counsel for the Pennsylvania Railroad and many other railroads.  John Ridgely Carter married Alice Morgan, was secretary of the American Embassy, London, 1894-1909, and was partner in J.P. Morgan Co. 1914, and also the Paris branch, Morgan Harjes Co. Dean Acheson, a cousin of the Gosfords, also worked for J.P. Morgan Co. and later became Secretary of State.  The 2nd Earl Gosford had been Gov. Gen. of Canada and governor-in-chief of all British North America.  Richard Davis notes in “The English Rothschilds” that the Earl of Gosford was a frequent house guest of the Rothschild family.  This may explain why his American cousin, Dean Acheson, was plucked from obscurity to become secretary of State. The cast of characters is really quite small in number.  The grandson of a J.P. Morgan partner masterminds the plot against Hitler, cooperating with Schroder partner Allen Dulles from his Swiss redoubt of the OSS.  Admiral Canaris, in charge of the Abwehr, Hitler’s intelligence services had made contact with the British Secret Service in London as soon as he assumed that post, through Frankfurt lawyer Fabian von Schlabrendorff, a key member of the plot, aided by Count Helmut von Moltke, a member of the German Bar and also a member of the Inner Temple of London.  Von Moltke’s mother was Dorothy Innes, related to the Schroder banking family. During his first two years with the OSS, Bill Donovan accepted no salary.  In 1943, he was promoted to Major General, and received pay for that grade.  In 1943, OSS had a $35 million budget, with 1651 employees, which increased tenfold the following year to 16,000.  By the end of the war, there were 30,000 agents and sub-agents, many of whom were involved in looting, blackmail, and other money-making schemes.  Airplanes were often commandeered for mysterious flights to haul huge sums in gold, diamonds, paintings and other treasure.  From the outset, the OSS had been dealing in large sums in gold.  In the spring of 1942, $5 million in gold coins was sent to North Africa to finance secret operations.  After the North African invasion, certain bankers who had been holding francs worth 100 million were suddenly worth 500 million.  Large scale currency transactions were handled for the OSS by an underworld figure named Lemaigre-Dubreuil, who was shot by unknown gunmen at his Casablanca home. The political advisor to the Supreme Allied Commander, Mediterranean was Robert D. Murphy, whose wife was a manic-depressive, and whose daughter committed suicide.  He was having an affair with the Princess de Ligne, official representative of the Comtede Paris, a Bourbon and pretender to the throne of France.  She deeply involved Murphy and the OSS with her principal associate, a Syrian Jew named David Zagha, who dealt in million dollar estates, gems and antiques.  He had large holdings in Damascus, and he laundered millions of dollars of OSS funds through Lemaigre-Dubreuil, until that worthy’s assassination in Casablanca. The wheelings and dealings have also characterized the operations of OSS successor, the CIA often called “the Central Investment Agency”, because of its many nefarious dealings.  V. Lada-Mocarski, president of J. Henry Schroder, was chief of secret intelligence operations for OSS Italy 1943.  The OSS secret files later turned up in the hands of Propaganda Due, P-II, a secret Masonic organization which included many prominent figures in Italy.  The go-between for P-II and the CIA was Michael Sindona, the conduit for $65 million which the CIA pumped into Italian elections.  He was connected with the Nixon law firm, and with John McCaffrey, chief of resistance forces in Europe for British intelligence during World War II, and later representative of Hambro’s Bank, and also with Prince Borghese.  Although Borghese had been condemned to be executed during World War II, he was rescued by James Angleton, later Vatican consultant for the CIA.  Sindona, McCaffrey and Borghese were partners in an Italian bank, Universal Banking Corp. which was a front for Meyer Lansky and the Mafia.  The collapse of Banco Ambrosiano cost the Vatican a billion dollars (later reduced to $250 million), ending in the murder of its president Roberto Calvi, found hanging from Blackfriars Bridge in London.  He was declared a “suicide”, but a judge later rendered the finding he had been murdered by “persons unknown”. Gen. Donovan also had an important family connection with the Harrimans.  His wife’s cousin, Charles Rumsey, had, married W. Averill Harriman’s sister Mary.  The Harrimans had been brought up on their New York estate, Arden, which had 30,000 acres, a 150 room house, and a crew of 600 working constantly to keep things in order. Harriman’s other sister married Robert Livingston Gerry, son of Commodore Elbridge Gerry.  Their son, Elbridge Gerry, is a partner of Brown Bros Harriman. In 1939, Donovan had purchased a farm near Berryville, Chapel Hill Farm.  In 1945, he sold his Georgetown house to Katharine Graham, of the Washington Post family.  The farm was taken over by the Rumsey Trust.  Donovan lived at 1 Sutton Place, New York, the address made fashionable by Bessie Marbury, the queen of the international homosexual set who, as the leading power in the Democratic Party, had made it possible for Franklin D. Roosevelt to become Governor of New York. In 1921, developer Eliot Cross sold Marbury’s “wife”, Elsie de Wolfe, No.13 Sutton Place.  The Times soon noted a “curious migration”, headlining that Mrs. K. Vanderbilt and Anne Morgan had bought homes in Sutton Place, “a little known two block thoroughfare”.  Mrs. Vanderbilt paid $50,000 for her home;  Anne Morgan, daughter of J.P. Morgan, and member of the de Wolfe-Marbury “Hellfire” set, paid $75,000.  They then spent several hundred thousand dollars renovating these homes.  The Times characterized the “Sutton Place curious migration” as a malicious dig at the well-known proclivities of the new settlers, who would soon make Manhattan notorious as the world headquarters of the homosexual movement. Donovan’s surviving son had refused to enter the law firm or to have anything to do with the OSS.  He had a distinguished wartime career as a Navy captain in charge of landing operations at Sicily and other invasions.  At a New Years Eve celebration, 1946, his five year old daughter Sheila accidentally drank silver polish and died.  His wife died after an overdose of sleeping pills. “Intrepid’s Last Case” notes that “a political decision forced the OSS to surrender to Moscow the captured Soviet military and diplomatic code books on intelligence from the nazis.”  The greatest intelligence coup in history came to naught after Roosevelt’s three Communist associates demanded that this complete set of Soviet code books be returned to Stalin. On May 17, 1945, Donovan became special assistant to justice Robert H. Jackson, U.S. prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials.  Although the captured German leaders were accused of many things, they were never accused of having accepted money from the Bank of England, or of being financed by the Schroder Bank.  Baron Kurt von Schroder had been arrested and transferred to a British detention camp.  A German denazification court later fined him 1500 RM and sentenced him to three months detention.  Since he had already been held for that period, he was released.  The New York Times on Feb.29, 1948 demanded that he be tried by an Allied Military Tribunal – “von Schroder is as guilty as Hitler or Goering”. In May 1945, William Stephenson formed the British American Canadian Corp. in New York, later changed to a Panamanian registry as the World Commerce Corp. April 2, 1947.  When Germany surrendered, the London office of OSS had ten million dollars on hand, deposited in Hambro’s and Schroder’s Banks.  This money could not be “returned” to the U.S. Government without stating where it had come from.  As proceeds from dealings in gold and jewels, an inquiry could provoke a Congressional investigation.  The principals decided to hold it in abeyance for future operations in the new corporations, whose officers were Stephenson, Donovan, Sir Charles Hambro, Edward R. Stettinius, Russell Forgan of Glore Forgan Co., nephew of James Forgan, first president of the Federal Advisory Council of the Federal Reserve Board, and successor to David Bruce as chief of OSS Europe;  Sidney Weinberg, head of the Special OSS Mission to Moscow;  Nelson Rockefeller;  Col. Rex Benson Menzies of SIS and chairman of Robert Benson Co. merchant bankers;  John J. McCloy;  Richard Mellon;  Sir Victor Sassoon;  Lord Leathers;  Sir William Rootes of Rootes Motors;  Sir Alexander Korda;  Olaf Hambro;  Brig W.T. Keswick head of Jardine Mathieson Co., director of Hudson Bay Co. Hong Kong Shanghai Bank and chief of Special Operations Executive in Asia, World War II;  Sir Harold Wernher, British industrialist;  Ian Fleming of the Kelmsley Press;  David Bruce;  Joseph C. Grew, nephew of J.P. Morgan;  and L.L. Strauss of Kuhn, Loeb & Co. The new firm operated closely with Morgan Grenfell, Jardine Mathieson, and British and Western Trading Co. In 1950, Donovan listed World Commerce Corp. as the only firm in which he held an interest.  The president at that time was Frank T. Ryan, director John J. Ryan, both of Bache & Co; other directors were Alfred DuPont, Russell Forgan, Jocelyn Hambro, Joseph Grew and William Stephenson, who gave his address as Plaza Hotel, N.Y. with residence in Jamaica, and listed himself as chairman of the board of Caribbean Cement Co. and Bermuda Hotels Corp. President Truman disliked the idea of a secret service, and dissolved OSS at the end of the war.  1600 of its operatives went to the State Dept. Intelligence & Research Bureau, others went to the Defense Dept. where Robert McNamara set up the Defense Intelligence Agency in 1961.  Truman set up the Office of Policy Coordination in 1948, which by National Security Council directive 10/2 merged into the CIA Jan. 4, 1951 with the Office of Special and Clandestine Services.  Although Truman had dissolved the OSS on Sept. 20, 1945, his 1948 directive appointed three men to supervise the organization of a new intelligence agency, Allen W. Dulles, of the Schroder Bank;  William Harding Jackson, a Wall Street lawyer who married into the Lyman family, became a lawyer with Cadwalder, Wickersham and Taft, and later with Carter, Ledyard & Milburn (J.P. Morgan’s attorneys).  In Jan. 1944, Jackson had been named head of intelligence at American Military Headquarters in London.  He was chief of intelligence for Gen. Jacob Devers, and later headed G-2 intelligence for Gen. Omar Bradley.  He Became a partner of J.H. Whitney Co. New York in 1947, served as deputy director of the CIA 1950-51, and later was spec. asst. to Pres.  Eisenhower for national security;  the third man on Truman’s team was Mathias F. Gorrea, also a Wall Street lawyer, whose mother was of the Figueroa family;  his father was head of real estate and investments for the Brooklyn Diocese, and his brother was spec. asst. to the Atty Gen of the U.S. 1946, general counsel ODM 1951-52, and vice-pres. RCA.  Truman later came to be deeply suspicious of the CIA.  He told Merle Miller, “Plain Speaking”, “Now, as nearly as I can make out, those fellows in the CIA don’t just report on wars and the like, they go out and make their own.”  Allen Dulles placed a verse from the Bible (John 8:32) in the entrance to the CIA building, “And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.”  Allen W. Dulles was chief of the new agency;  Frank Wisner was his deputy;  it grew from 5000 to 15,000 personnel by 1955.  In 1974, it had 16,500 agents and a $750 million budget;  in all, the National Security Agency had $6 billion to spend for “intelligence”. The CIA has often been called the Central Investment Agency, not only because of the Wall Street backgrounds of Donovan, Dulles and many other principals, but because of the many commercial operations in which it has engaged (the CIA is always referred to, not by accident, by its insiders, as “the company”).  A great deal of stock trading is based upon inside CIA information, buying and selling on the basis of secret intelligence gathered by the CIA all over the world. The CIA has also spent billions to influence foreign elections, always for candidates inimical to the interests of the people of the United States, but dedicated to the program of the World Order.  However, its principal influence has been through its control of foundations and universities.  The American people remain blissfully unaware that their Constitutional government with its separated powers of legislative, judicial and executive departments, has been entirely superseded by the foundations, which generate basic policy for all three branches.  Monetary policy is generated by the Brookings Institution and implemented through the Federal Reserve System independent of Congress, which has constitutional power to regulate the monetary system.  Social policies, originated by the Ford and Rockefeller Foundations, are enacted into law by Congress and upheld against all challenges by the Supreme Court.  Foreign policy, a prerogative of the executive branch, is entirely based on foundation “studies” and recommendations.  Staffs of all three departments are heavily infiltrated by foundation operatives.  The CIA functions as the coordinating agency between the foundations and the departments of government.  The Washington Post of Dec. 8, 1984 verified this with an obituary of Don Harris, relating that he came to Washington in 1950 as an economist with the Brookings Institution, then moved to the CIA as chief of the Far East and the West Europe staffs for three years.  He then joined the Defense Intelligence Agency’s directorate of plans and policy, where he served until 1983. McGeorge Bundy, in “The Dimensions of Diplomacy”, 1964, noted, “All area study programs in American universities after the war were manned, directed or stimulated by graduates of the OSS:  there is a high measure of interpenetration between universities with area programs and information gathering agencies of the government of the U.S.”  As head of the Ford Foundation, Bundy was in a position to know about the interpenetration. The Washington Post, April 21, 1984, noted that the CIA was funneling money to many universities through Air Force intelligence grants or other “defense” operations, including Duke, Stanford, Univ. of Texas and many others.  The chancellor of the University of Pittsburgh, Wesley Posvar, had received many Air Force intelligence grants as a retired Air Force intelligence colonel, funnelled through Maj. Gen. James F. Pfautz, head of Air Force intelligence.  Posvar is a member of the German Marshall Fund. The CIA has spent millions to fund newspapers, magazines, and publishers to promote the program of the World Order.  Frederick A. Praeger Co. N.Y. an “emigre” publishing firm, admitted in 1967 it had published “15 or 16” books for the CIA. Many writers and journalists have been liberally subsidized by the CIA with travel expenses, a villa in France or Switzerland, and other perks, to produce propaganda for the CIA and its ulterior goals. The National Review is considered the most influential CIA publication.  It consistently puffs Jean Kirkpatrick, Milton Friedman, and other cognoscenti of the intelligence community and the Viennese School of Economics.  The New York Times, Dec. 8, 1984, noted the marriage of William Buckley’s son Christopher to Lucy Gregg, daughter of 31 year CIA official, Donald Phinney Gregg, who is now personal adviser on national security to Vice President Bush.  Buckley founded the National Review with Morrie Ryskind and George Sokolsky, funding the publication with ample funds from the Central Investment Agency and its Wall Street connections.  Buckley’s only known employment was his stint with the CIA under Howard Hunt at the CIA’s station in Mexico City, immediately after Buckley graduated from Yale.  Buckley became godfather to Hunt’s children.  “En skids” NSCIDS No. 7 gave the CIA power to question Americans in the U.S. about their foreign travel and to make contracts with American universities.  J. Edgar Hoover’s influence gave rise to the National Security Act of 1947, which forbade the CIA to exercise any internal security functions or police powers in the U.S. (FBI territory) but Hoover lived to see the act continually flouted by the greater finances of the CIA. On March 12, 1947, the Truman Doctrine was announced as America’s new foreign policy.  On June 5, 1947, the Marshall Plan was announced.  Both “doctrines” had originated in foundation studies subsidized by the CIA and were to be implemented under close CIA supervision. The “new” CIA continues its close ties with the Schroder Bank and other linchpins of international intelligence.  Allen Dulles, a director of J. Henry Schroder, and lawyer for the bank as attorney with Sullivan and Cromwell, chose Schroder to handle the vast disbursements of the CIA’s “discretionary fund”, whose financial dealings remain cloaked in secrecy.  Secretary of War Robert Patterson was a director of Schroder, as was Harold Brown, Carter’s Secretary of Defense.  Paul H. Nitze, our chief arms negotiator, not only was a director of Schroder, but married into the Pratt family of Standard Oil who donated their New York mansion as the headquarters of the CFR. John McCone, later director of the CIA, was partner of Bechtel-McCone, giant war contractor financed by Schroder-Rockefeller Co. Richard Helms also a director of CIA, is a consultant with Bechtel.  Although from a family of modest means, Helms was educated at the world’s most exclusive prep school, Le Rosey of Switzerland, where he became a friend of the Shah of Iran.  The Schroder-CIA connection was revealed in a lawsuit in which documents were filed showing a payment of $38,902 to Edwin Moore, on orders from Richard Helms. Gordon Richardson was chairman of Schroder from 1963 to 1973, when he was named Governor of the Bank of England, where he served for ten years.  Richardson, also a director of Lloyd’s Bank and Rolls Royce, maintained a New York address on Sutton Place near Donovan’s residence. The Cabot family of Boston, descended from Sebastian Cabot, who was an early member of the World Order, has maintained a close relationship with the CIA.  The founder of the family, Giovanni Caboto of Genoa, became John Cabot when he moved to England in 1448 under Henry 7th.  His son Sebastian accompanied him on his North American trip in 1497.  Sebastian had been born in Venice in 1476; he moved to England in 1551, was granted a pension and founded the London Muscovy Company which developed overland routes across Europe to Russia.  Thomas D. Cabot, honorary chairman of Cabot Corp. was director of Office of Inter-American affairs for the State Dept. 1951, president of United Fruit, and set up Radio Swan on Swan Island for the CIA;  he went on a special mission to Egypt in 1953.  His brother John was in the foreign service from 1926, served as Consul Gen. Shanghi, ambassador to Pakistan, Finland and Colombia, Brazil and Poland;  he was U.S. delegate to Dumbarton Oaks in 1994, and was secretary to the United Nations organization in San Francisco in 1945 under Alger Hiss.  Paul Cabot is director of J.P. Morgan Co., Ford, Continental Can, Goodrich, and M.A. Hanna Co. Lord Harold Caccia is also a director of Cabot Corp.  He served on the Allied Control Commission in Italy 1943-94 as political advisor, Ambassador to Austria 1951-54, Ambassador to U.S. 1956-61; he is also on the board of Orion Bank, National Westminster Bank and Prudential Assurance.  He is chmn of Standard Telephone & Cable. An earlier member of the Cabot family, George Cabot (1752-1823) owned 40 privateers and letters of marque in 1777-78, and became the first Secretary of the Navy. High level CIA plicy was regularly determined at secret meetings at Pratt House, CFR headquarters in N.Y., as revealed by Vic Marchetti, in “Cult of Intelligence”, he describes a top level meeting at Pratt House Jan. 8, 1965 at 5 pm, chaired by C. Douglas Dillon, chmn of Dillon, Read.  The main speaker was Richard Bissell, director of CIA clendestine operations.  This was the third meeting at this address.  William J. Barnds was secretary;  his father was Episcopalian Bishop of the Dallas Division.  Present were Frank Altschul, partner of Lazard Freres, who married into the Lehman Family.  Altschul was chmn National Planning Assn, director of Ford Foundation, China Institute in America, American Institute of International Education, and vice pres.  Woodrow Wilson Foundation;  Robert Amory, dep. dir CIA 1952-62, National Security planning Board 1953-61;  Meyer Bernstein;  Col. Sidney Berry former military asst. to Secretary of Defense 1961-64, now deputy chief of personnel operations U.S. Army;  Allen W. Dulles;  George S. Franklin Jr., lawyer with Davis Polk and Wardwell, asst. to Nelson Rockefeller in 1940, intelligence Dept. State 1941-44, executive div. council on Foreign Relations 1945-71, national secretary of the Trilateral Commission 1972, member Atlantic Council, Ditchley Founation, American Council on United Europe;  Thomas L. Hughes, head of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (Alger Hiss’ former post);  Joseph Kraft, newspaper columnist Washington Post, L.A. Times etc. Eugene Fubini, naturalised U.S. 1945, technical adviser U.S. AF, Army and Navy on radio techniques, was with CBS 1938-42 with the Secretary of Defense since 1961, National Security Agency since 1965, chmn Defense Intelligence Agency, Harry Howe Ransom, Vanderbilt professor, Rockefeller Foundation, Institute of Strategic Studies London;  Theodore Sorensen, Pres. Kennedy’s assistant 1957-61, now attorney with Paul Weiss and Rifkind;  David B. Sage, prof. Bennington, trustee Russell Sage fndtn and 20th century Fund. Bissell, the principal speaker, had been educated at Groton, Yale and London School of Economics, was economist with War Shipping Board 1942-45;  Harriman committee for President 1947-48, ECA 1948-51, Ford Foundation 1952-55, dep dir. CIA 1954-64, consultant to Fortune, U.S. Steel, and Asiatic Petroleum. CIA financial operations continually surface and are quickly forgotten.  Jack Anderson noted in a column July 30,1984 that two OSS pals in World War II, Joe Rosenbaum, a venture capitalist, and William J. Casey, present head of the CIA had been involved in a huge Mid East pipeline deal with former Secretary of the Navy William J. Middendorf, now U.S. Ambassador to the Organization of American States.  Middendorf is a director of First American Bank of VA. which handles many financial dealings for the CIA.  Directors of First American are Eugene R. Casey, Lt. Gen. Elwood Quesada, who married into the Pulitzer family, asst chief of air on the General Staff, now director of the munitions firm Olin Industries; Stuart Symington, who married into the Wadsworth family, was formerly Secretary of the Air Force and Senator from Missouri, chairman of Emerson Electric, a defense contractor; Lt. Gen James M. Gavin, director Guggenheim Foundation, chairman of Arthur D. Little Co., (said to be a branch of CIA operations). In “Spooks” Jim Hugan exposes another firm with CIA ties, Quantum Corp., based at Rockefeller owned L’enfant Plaza in Washington which sold arms to both sides in the Arab-Israeli conflict; chairman was Rosser Scott Reeves III, heir to an ad fortune; his father sold Eisenhower like soap with a series of brilliant TV ads.  Reeves III married into the Squibb family, was with Lazard Freres from 1962-7, and Military Armaments Corp. 1972-4.  III’s father was a limited partner of Oppenheimer Co. Other members of Quantum were Mitch Werbell III, a CIA operative who had the rank of General, U.S. Army;  Edmund Lynch;  Stewart Mott;  Lou Conein, A Union Corse operative known throughout Southeast Asia as Black Luigi;  Walter Pforzheimer, former aide to Allen Dulles;  he kept two apartments at Washington’s most expensive address Watergate;  one was filled with his documentation on intelligence activities; he was found murdered at Watergate;  and Paul Rothermeil, liaison between CIA and FBI who ws sent on a special mission to H.L. Hunt’s headquarters in Dallas to destroy the Hunt Oil Co. After millions of dollars vanished, and the Hunt Oil Co. was on the verge of bankruptcy, the Hunts sued him, but were unable to prosecute because of “national security”. The sinking of the USS Liberty, a government intelligence ship, by the Israelis in the 1967 war exposed the close collaboration between the CIA and Mossad, Israeli Military Intelligence.  The CIA representative at the U.S. Embassy, Tel Aviv, reported to the senior office CIA at McLean VA. June 7, 1967 that Israel had decided to sink the U.S.S. Liberty.  The CIA refused to warn the doomed American sailors.  With President Johnson in the White House at the time were Mathilde and Arthur Krim, Johnson’s liaison with the Israeli Govt. Mathilde was a former Irgun terrorist who had served on terrorist strikes with Menachem Begin, who boasted he had introduced terrorism to the entire world. Andrew Tull, in “The Super Spies”, reveals another CIA coverup.  The entire operational plan for the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in July 1968 was obtained by a German operative in May;  he delivered the plans to Lt. Gen. Jos. F. Carroll, dir. Defense Intelligence Agency in Berlin.  Carroll outlined a plan to “leak” this intelligence, which would force the Soviet Union to abandon the operation.  Ambassador to West Germany Henry Cabot Lodge was briefed on the “leak”, but received direct orders from Washington to cancel it from Secretary of Defense Clark Clifford.  The World Order did not wish to interfere with the planned invasion.  The Soviet Union was aware of the discovery, and postponed the invasion from July to August 21.  During this period, they were assured by Washington officials that the U.S. would not interfere.  With this top level go-ahead, the Red army’s conquest of Czechoslovakia was successfully implemented. We have mentioned the CIA-Mossad connection of James Angleton.  The State of Israel was largely created by a Hungarian Jew named Tibor Rosenbaum, who procured arms and money through his Swiss base for both the Haganah and Stern gangs of terrorists, through his control of the International Credit Bank in Switzerland.  International Credit Bank was the foreign bank for Meyer Lansky’s Mafia operations, and also handled Mossad’s European funds for secret operations.  Rosenbaum was the mastermind of Bernie Cornfield’s operation.  Cornfield’s successor at IOS, Robert Vesco, later fled to Central America with $224 million of IOS fund, and is now the partner of Fidel Castro in a huge drug operation which netted $20 billion profit between 1980-84.  Castro’s cut, $50 million, has been deposited in Swiss banks. In 1965, the CIA correspondent in Africa was Michael King, partners with Dr. Joseph Ghurba in Consultants Rersearch Associates, 509 Fifth Ave. N.Y.  He is now Meir Kahane, member of the Israel Knesset and head of the terrorist Jewish Defense League.  Part of their CIA duties was to mobilize campus riots against the Vietnam War at Columbia and Adelphi College.  King’s girl friend, Donna Evans, fell or was thrown from the Queensborough Bridge in July, 1966. Another important CIA figure was Robert Maheu, who was Liaison between the CIA and J. Edgar Hoover of the FBI.  Maheu later became head of Howard Hughes “Las Vegas operations.  His code name in the CIA was “Stockholder”. In “OSS, the Secret History”, R. Harris Smith states that Ho Chi Minh had made contact with OSS Col. Paul Helliwell at Kunming in World War II and was recruited as an agent.  Ho’s reports soon received top priority at OSS Headquarters in Washington, and were placed directly on Gen. Donovan’s desk.  Helliwell, who later became consul for the Thai government in Miami, and Major Austin Glass, a Socony Oil official, sent arms to Ho for his revolutionary struggle.  Another early Ho supporter from OSS was Lt. Tibaut de Saint Phalle, nephew of a prominent Paris banker. Journalist Robert Shaplen was later told that an official of Chase Manhattan Bank was parachuted into Ho’s remote headquarters, where he found the guerilla leader dying of malaria and dysentery.  With only a few hours to live, he was saved when an OSS medic Paul Hoagland, was flown in.  He saved Ho’s life by administering the new sulfa drugs and quinine.  He later served at CIA headquarters until the 1970’s, where he was always known as “the man who saved Ho’s life”.  After Ho was out of danger, a special OSS contingent, the Deer Team, was sent to Ho’s headquarters in Nov. 1945.  The members of this team were unanimous in their denunciation of the French “imperialists”, the colonial government.  They boasted that it had been decided at the highest levels in Washington that the French had to go.  A prominent member of this team was Capt. Nicholas Deak, a Hungarian, now president of Deak Pereira.  He has controlling interests in Swiss and Austrian banks, and operates currency exchanges in the U.S. Canada and the Far East. The French were dismayed to learn that their “American allies” were training and arming Ho’s Viet Minh forces.  Ho was informed that General Donovan represented large economic interests (the World Commerce Corp.) which planned to rebuild Vietnam’s railroads and highways, in exchange for “economic privileges” in Indochina.  In Oct. 1945, the OSS sponsored the “Vietnam Friendship Association” headed by OSS Lt. Col. Carleton H. Swift.  The OSS armed Ho Chi Minh’s forces with the latest weapons, and gave intensive training in infiltration and demolition to 200 selected men of General Giap’s Army.  It was these men who later led the attacks against American troops in the Vietnam War.  The OSS sponsorship of the Viet Min and other terrorist groups around the world led Robert Welch to charge that “The OSS has thrown the weight of American supplies, arms, money and prestige behind the Communist terrorist organizations of Europe and Asia.”  The Deer team claimed that Ho was a great statesman whose nationalism transcended his Communist loyalties. To supervise the developing political situation in southeast Asia, Donovan was appointed Ambassador to Thailand by Secretary of State John Foster Dulles on Aug. 12, 1953.  Donovan’s assistant was William J. van den Heuvel.  After his return to the U.S. Donovan had a stroke in 1956.  He kept to his apartment in Sutton Place and rarely went to his law office.  In 1957, another stroke left his brain atrophied.  He lingered for several years, finally going to Walter Reed Hospital, where he died in Feb. 1959. The OSS trained forces of Ho Chi Minh kept up a steady onslaught against the French Colonial Government.  John Foster Dulles, playing a double game, met with Georges Bidault, and urged the French to make a stand.  “We will provide support,” he promised.  When the French forces were surrounded at Dien Bien Phu, Bidault, to explain his strategy, read Dulles’ commitment to the French parliament.  Dien Bein Phu collapsed after a 77 day siege, and the French government was lost.  Le Figaro claimed that the State Dept., the White House and the Kremlin, had made a secret deal to partition French Indo China into U.S. and Soviet zones, as had been done in Korea.  Whatever agreement may have been reached, it is a fact that the Soviet Army and Navy now have full use of the Billion dollar Da Nang airport and the vast naval facilities built in Viet Nam by Lyndon B. Johnson’s financial backers, Brown & Root. One explanation of the fall of French Indo China was a behind the scenes struggle to control the dope trade in Asia.  Alfred McCoy points out that during World War II, Lucky Luciano and Meyer Lansky secretly worked for the OSS.  Through their influence, the OSS became deeply involved in dope running.  After the war, Lansky moved the headquarters of the dope traffic to Miami, where Paul Helliwell, OSS chief of special operations in Asia, was his front man.  Helliwell also operated a CIA front in Miami called Sea Supply, Inc.;  one of his agents was Howard Hunt.  Helliwell later served as paymaster for CIA sponsorship of the Bay of Pigs operation.  He opened secret accounts for American mobsters in Miami banks, working closely with Sandro Trafficante and Louis Chesler.  Chesler handled Meyer Lansky’s real estate investments. The involvement of the Mob in dope running goes back to well before the murder of Arnold Rothstein.  Although Rothstein was widely known as a gambler, this was a cover for his rise to eminence as Mr. Big of the U.S. drug trade.  After he was shot in 1928, Louis Lepke, head of Murder Inc., confiscated over $5 million worth of heroin from Rothstein’s hotel room. Former OSS Col. Paul Helliwell became head of the prestigious Miami law firm, Helliwell, Melrose and DeWolf.  His partner, Mary Jane Melrose, was attorney for Resorts International, a Vesco-Lansky operation in which Nixon’s friend Rebozo was said to have an interest.  Helliwell opened the Castle Bank in the Bahamas to launder drug payoffs for Thailand poppy growers.  As Thai consul, his Washington correspondent was Rowe and Cork, close advisors to President Lyndon B. Johnson, and representatives of United Fruit (a Cabot-CIA connection), Libby and other large firms.  Helliwell was also attorney for General Development Corp., Lansky’s real estate firm which was run for him by Louis Chesler.  As counsel for Miami Natl Bank, Helliwell laundered mob funds through Swiss banks.  One of his associates was Wallace Groves, who served several years for mail fraud.  Helliwell died one Christmas Eve, 64 years old, and had never been charged with a crime.  Protected by powerful friends in the Mob and the CIA he epitomized the ties between organized crime, intelligence agencies and the national government, all overseen, of course, by the World order. Miami Natl Bank, which is now owned by Citibank was known for many years to be controlled by Meyer Lansky.  The bank financed the Outrigger Club, which became a meeting place for Santos Trafficante Jr., Philadelphia mobster and members of the Gambino family.  Chase Natl Bank lost $20 million in this operation, but chose not to make any complaint about it.  Citibank was also deeply involved with City Natl Bank of Miami, whose director Max Orovitz was a longtime associate of Meyer Lansky.  The president of City Natl, Donald Beazley, had previously headed Australia’s Nugan Hand Bank, a CIA drug operation.  Other directors of City Natl included Polly de Hirsch Meyer, Robert M. Marlin, who operated Marlin Capital Corp. and Viking General Corp.;  among stockholders of American Capital are Samuel Hallock DuPont Jr., and Paul Sternberg.  Sternberg is also on the board of City Natl. While Marlin controlled City Natl Bank, it picked up the mortgage on the Miami Cricket Club, which was owned by Alvin Malnik, widely reputed to be Lansky’s heir apparent.  Another director of City Natl was Sam Cohen, a Lansky associate who controlled Miami Natl Bank. In 1973, a bank was established in Australia under the name of Nugan Hand.  Its principals were an Australian named Frank Nugan and an American, Michael Hand, a former Green Beret and CIA operative in Asia.  Bernie Houghton, an undercover agent for U.S. Intelligence, who represented Nugan Hand in Saudi Aarabia, has disappeared, whereabouts unknown.  The attorney for Nugan Hand Bank was Bill Colby, director of the CIA.  Directors of Nugan Hand were Walter McDonald, deputy director of the CIA, Guy Pauker, a CIA adviser, and Dale Holmgren, who represented both the CIA and Nugan Hand Bank in Taipei.  The president of Nugan Hand Bank was Rear Adm Earl Buddv Yates, former chief of strategy for U.S. operations in Asia.  Also on the board were Edwin F. Black, a retired general who had commanded U.S. troops in Thailand during the Vietnam War, formerly an OSS operative in World War II and asst. army chief of staff in the Pacific;  he served as president of the Nugan Hand Bank branch in Hawaii;  Edwin Wilson, who is now in prison for arms deals;  and Don Beazley, now of Miami. Nugan Hand Bank expanded as Australasian and Pacific Holdings Ltd., a front for Air America and other CIA “investments”.  General Eric Cocke Jr., a Washington public relations officer, was Nugan Hand’s Washington representative.  From the outset, the bank was actively engaged in the drug trade.  Lernoux says the bank controlled the $100 million “Mr. Asia” heroin syndicate which arranged a number of contract murders.  Hand boasted that Nugan Hand Bank was paymaster for (:IA operations anywhere in the world.  In Saudi Arabia, Nugan Hand Bank handled the huge outlays of Bechtel Corp. in its billion dollar operations.  Bechtel employees were told they must bank with Nugan Hard.  The Manila office of Nugan Hand was run by Lt. Gen. Leroy J. Manor, who had been Chief of Staff of U.S. forces in Asia.  The CIA station chief at Bangkok, Red Jansen represented Nugan Hand in Thailand.  We may recall that Gen. Donovan, founder of the OSS, had gone to Thailand in 1953 as U.S. Ambassador.  Nugan Hand’s important contacts with government officials, perhaps greased with handouts from its huge drug operations, shielded it from investigation.  In 1978, despite repeated complaints about Nugan Hand’s international drug operations, the Australian Federal Bureau of Narcotics refused to investigate.  When increasing public pressure was brought to bear on the Bureau to investigate Nugan Hand Bank, the Bureau disbanded in 1979 !  It was controlled by the Australian Secret Intelligence organization, which in turn was dominated by the CIA. Inquiry Magazine revealed that while director of the CIA, William Colby laundered many millions of dollars of CIA funds through Nugan Hand to support political parties in Europe;  the Christian Democratic Party in Italy was a principal recipient of this largesse, but other political parties in Europe also received millions of dollars.  The World Order saw to it that funds were given only to those politicians who would carry out their program.  On August 15, 1984, the Washington Post revealed that the CIA had dominated the San Salvador elections by giving $960,000 to the Christian Democratic Party, and $437,000 to the National Council Party, to prevent D’Aubuisson, a militant anti-communist, from being elected. Donald Beazley, a former Federal Reserve Bank examiner, was introduced by Admiral Yates at a bankers’ meeting as “the finest young banker I know”.  Before the debacle of Nugan Hand Bank, Beazley was found to have transferred $200,000 from Nugan Hand to his Florida bank account.  He could not remember what this transaction was for.  An Australian Royal Commission proved that the bank regularly transferred funds from Sydney to southeast Asia as payment for heroin shipments to the U.S.  West Coast via Australia.  It was a regular conduit for payments made by Santos Trafficante Jr., underworld boss and Florida based heir to the Luciano drug empire. Although exposure seemed imminent, Frank Nugan continued blithely with his deals as a big spender.  He was closing the deal for a $2.2 million country estate for himself the day he was found shot through the head in Jan. 1980.  He was in his Mercedes on a country road.  By his side was the rifle he supposedly shot himself with, although in his last moments of life he apparently decided to wipe off all fingerprints.  Police investigators found none on the gun.  The investigators also decided that Nugan would have had to be a contortionist to shoot himself with the rifle in his car.  Donald Beazley went to Florida;  his other associates, CIA operatives Michael Hand and Bernie Houghton, disappeared.  They have not been seen since 1980. For many years, the principal American intelligence agent in China was Cornelius V. Starr.  Born in 1892, he organized the Asia Life Insurance Co. in Shanghai in 1919.  He also owned the English language newspaper in China, the Shanghai Evening Post, which gave him a dominant role in propaganda activities.  He was chairman of the board of U.S. Life Insurance Co. and other companies, as the leading American businessman in China.  He was also an OSS agent, and his financial power in China gave the OSS and later the CIA their entree into drug smuggling.  After his death, his insurance companies were absorbed into the American International Group. The American “free press”, known to the cognoscenti as “the drug press” because of Luce’s longstanding China connection, consistently portrays the source of the world’s drugs as “The Golden Triangle”, an area of Laos, Thailand and Burma.  However, this is merely a staging area for the world’s drug trade.  Review of the News in 1970 indentified Red China as the world’s largest producer of opium, its usual source of hard currency from non-communist nations.  The refined opium reaches the “free world”, that is “the cash world”, through Canton and Hong Kong.  It also includes heroin, which had been synthesized from opium in 1898 by the Bayer Co., and became one of their most important products. Red China’s mutterings about taking over Hong Kong when the present lease expires in 1997 allows insiders of the World Order opportunity to increase their fortunes in the volatile Hong Kong real estate market.  Red China has to allow the British to operate in this trading area to assure the supply of hard currency from the drug trade.  When the British took over this trading area in 1843, they maintained control of the local population through the Triads, the Assassins, as the Hong Society was known, also called the Honorable Society, and the Society of Heaven, Earth and Man. Dan E. Mayers wrote in Fortune, Aug.6, 1984, “British colonial rule in Hong Kong is not democracy.  Britain rules by decree in all matters of importance.  Hong Kong Chinese don’t have democratic rights.” Opium began as a cash crop in the poppy-fields of Asia Minor, particularly in Turkey, where it is still an important crop today.  In 1516, opium was the official monopoly of the Great Mogul in Kuch Behar.  When opium reached China, about 1729, Emperor Yung Chen prohibited its use.  In 1757, with Clive’s great victory at Plassy, the East India Co. took over the opium monopoly as part of its spoils from the Indian Moguls.  When the British promoted the use of East India’s opium in China, as payment for raw materials needed by their Industrial Revolution (they had been paying in silver), the Emperor Tao Kwang repeatedly warned them to stop selling opium in his country.  When these warnings were ignored, the Emperor burned 20,291 chests of opium in 1830, a hoard valued at 2 million pounds.  This precipitated the British Opium Wars of 1839-42 and 1856-60. Because the Communists were financed by the international bankers, the sale and use of drugs have always played an important role in the forward march of Communist hegemony.  In 1928, the Chinese Red Army began planting large areas of poppies in areas of China over which they had won control.  By 1935, the Yuan Headquarters ruled over vast field of poppies.  In 1983, Red China had 9 million acres of poppies under cultivation.  The Peiping Government has 101 narcotics factories in operation, which refine from 50% to 70% of the world’s drugs. In 1977, Edward Jay Epstein revealed the true story behind Watergate.  Nixon’s Domestic Council was a group of aggressive young men trying to outmaneuver each other with new programs.  Gordon Liddy, trying to break into this circle, conceived an ambitious program called operation Intercept.  It was not a surveillance program, but was designed to “intercept” the flow of drugs into the U.S. Nixon in his 1968 campaign had promised to “move against the source of drugs”.  A special Presidential Task Force Relating to Narcotics, Marijuana and Dangerous Drugs had been formed, but had taken no action.  Liddy got Egil Krogh, Nixon’s Presidential Deputy for Law Enforcement, to introduce the program at a meeting of the Domestic Council.  Richard Helms director of the CIA, was among those present.  The plan was officially approved by Erlichman in July, 1970 as a major operation against the heroin traffic.  There still was no real program, merely a public relations ploy, but, senior staff people at CIA panicked.  They feared that their vast Asia operations, funded by their drug operations, could be wiped out.  Liddy, meeting with State and CIA officials, says, “I pressed CIA on the problems of the Golden Triangle of Burma;  Richard Helms replied ‘Any move in that area would be impractical’.” Liddy had set up ODESSA, Organisation Der Emerlingen Schutz Staffel Angehorigen, which was ready to begin operations.  The CIA resolved to counterattack by setting up the Watergate operation, hoping to neutralize Nixon’s staff.  James McCord and other CIA operatives worked out of Mullen Co., a CIA front across the street from CREEP Headquarters.  The Watergate job was scheduled for May 26, 1972, but these “highly trained” black baggers couldn’t get in;  they came back on May 27 with no success, but got in on May 28 and photographed a number of documents in the Democratic offices.  Then they were told to return on June 16;  by this time the entire setup was ready, and they were arrested. Future historians will refer to the Vietnam War as “the drug war” akin to the British Opium Wars of the nineteenth century.  In 1964, the number of U.S. addicts had dropped to 48,000 down to 60,000 in 1950.  Then 15% of all American soldiers in Vietnam returned home as addicts.  The drug monopoly was back in business.  Two of the leading CIA operatives in Vietnam during that war are Mitch Werbell from Powder, Ga., and Three Fingered Louie Conein, who wore a gold decoration from Union Gorse, the Sicilian Mafia, around his neck. After the collapse of the Nugan Hand Bank and the disappearance of its principals, the CIA used the 17 international offices of a Honolulu investment firm, Bishop, Baldwin, Rewald, Dillingham and Wong as its Asian network.  The firm handled some $10 billion in CIA covert funds, laundering huge sums for the Gandhi family in India, and worked closely with Marcos’ right hand man in Manila, Enrique Zobel, one of the ten wealthiest men in the world, who handled the investment fund of the Sultan of Brunei.  After $22 million disappeared, Rewald was arrested.  The resulting litigation is being handled by U.S. atty John Peyton, former chief of litigation for the CIA in Washinton, from 1976-81. CIA headquarters underwent a change after the arrival of a reputed KGB defector.  Yuri Nosenko had been sent to the U.S. to assure American intelligence that Lee Oswald had no KGB connection, even though he had married the niece of a KGB major.  Nosenko’s story was “verified” by another defector, Fedora, another double agent who had wormed his way into J. Edgar Hoover’s confidence;  both the FBI and the CIA now had a resident authority on Communist espionage who had been identified as a double agent.  The Nosenko caused the CIA staff to split into two camps, pro-Nosenko and anti-Nosenko.  William Colby, director of the CIA, was in the pro-Nosenko camp, giving rise to rumors that he and James Angleton were double agents, and that Colby had been recruited while serving in Vietnam.  Angleton was forced to resign. 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Indictment Is Easy Way Out For Bush Officials

Whilst we await to see what transpires we have to remember that men like Cheney and Rove are the greedy little power-hungry middlemen for the higher echelons. They are puppets that are simply used to get a job done by the Globalist elite who are really in control. These people have been compromised from the very day they took office and their masters know that, it's part of how they are controlled and rewarded. Therefore will it really matter in the long run if they are removed from the operation? They have served their purpose and will simply be replaced. You can remove as many heads of the Hydra as you want, and whilst you celebrate your achievement it will simply regenerate twofold.   Indictment Is Easy Way Out For Bush OfficialsShould Rove, Libby, Cheney and others be indicted in the CIA leak case it will be akin to slipping out the back door Steve Watson | October 20 2005 Should Bush Administration Officials be indicted and forced to resign over the Plame case in the coming weeks, the left will undoubtedly declare a major victory for justice and truth. We say that should this happen the truth will consequently be buried and injustice will once again prevail. To see the likes of Rove and Cheney skulking off back into the undergrowth, undoubtedly with massive paychecks will be no victory for the truth movement at all. These men should be held up to account for multiple illegal corporate wranglings, for high treason for the Coup de Tat on 9/11 and for crimes against humanity due to their involvement in the illegal and unjust war in Iraq. Allowing them to get away with simple perjury over the Plame leak case will allow them to return back to what they know best, how to influence Government policy and advance the elite agenda whilst NOT in power. And Whilst many will wait around the front so to speak, cheering and celebrating this "victory", Rove et al will simply sneak out of the back door. Background Two Months ago we reported on the possibility that Indictments were imminent or had already possibly been handed down to leading members of the Bush Administration. The source was Tom Heneghen, a stock broker in California who has sources within intelligence that have revealed many thousands of individuals are sick of the government agenda since 9/11, in addition to their selling out of intelligence officials left right and centre, and are gathering evidence of criminality and taking it to grand juries. The Valerie Plame case is just one such example of this kind of activity, yet according to Heneghan there is much more going on that our media is simply not reporting. Sources close to the jury probe have allegedly told Heneghen a host of administration figures under Bush have been indicted, including Vice President Dick Cheney, Chief of Staff Andrew Card, Cheney Chief of Staff I. Lewis ?Scooter? Libby, Attorney General Alberto Gonzalez, former Attorney General John Ashcroft, imprisoned New York Times reporter Judith Miller and former Cheney advisor Mary Matalin. Heneghen also allegedly told sources White House advisor Karl Rove was indicted for perjury in a major document shredding operation cover-up. The truth has still to come to light but it now seems that the whole sorry tale is about to explode onto our nightly news. In the past week Karl Rove has appeared before prosecutors a forth time, he has been canceling Republican National Committee appearances left right and centre, and has seemingly been taking an ear bashing from President "can I go to the toilet please" Bush. Furthermore the case has seemingly widened to include handling of prewar Iraq intelligence, which would mean Chief of Staff Andrew Card and the "Whitehouse Iraq Group" would also be heavily involved. Also under scrutiny, we are led to believe, is the Vic President Dick Cheney. Two officials close to Fitzgerald told RAW STORY they have seen documents obtained from the White House Iraq Group which state that Cheney was present at several of the Iraq group's meetings. They say Cheney personally discussed with individuals in attendance at least two interviews in May and June of 2003 Wilson gave to New York Times columnist Nicholas Kristof and Washington Post reporter Walter Pincus, in which he claimed the administration ?twisted? prewar intelligence and what the response from the administration should be. Cheney was interviewed by the FBI surrounding the leak in 2004. According to the New York Times, Cheney was asked whether he knew of any concerted effort by White House aides to name Ms. Wilson. Sources close to the investigation have also confirmed that special prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald is trying to determine Vice President Cheney's role in the outing of Mrs. Wilson, more specifically, if Cheney ordered the leak. Those close to Fitzgerald say they have yet to uncover any evidence that suggests Cheney ordered the leak or played a role in the outing of Mrs. Wilson. Still, the sources said they are investigating claims that Cheney may have been involved based on his attendance at meetings of the Iraq group. Previous reports indicate Cheney was intimately involved with the framing of the Iraq war. The Washington Post and the New York Daily News have also reported that Cheney is under scrutiny and rumours of his resignation have begun to fly. Removing heads on the Hydra but not killing it Resignation would be just lovely for Dick Cheney now. He seems to be on his last legs anyway. Regularly disappearing into bunkers for months on end, reportedly having heart surgery, knee surgery, you name it. The Plame leak case may give Cheney an open door to run through now (or limp through) rather than a ocean of treacle to wade through later on. Remember that it has been out in the open for some time now that Cheney was heavily involved in the operation on 9/11 and personally issued stand down orders to NORAD. He is also still heavily involved with Haliburton who are magically being awarded no bid contracts for everything from Afghanistan and Iraq, to the Tsunami and Hurricane Katrina cleanups. It was reported last week that Cheney's Halliburton Stock rose 3,281% since October, 2004. The options were worth $241,498, now they are worth $8 million. Cheney has been architectural in conducting the invasion of Iraq from the very beginning. He was at the forefront of a White House campaign to convince Congress and the American public that invading Iraq was central to defeating terrorists worldwide. Cheney personally led the White House effort to build the case that Iraq was an imminent threat because it possessed a dangerous arsenal of weapons. He wanted to finish off what he'd started with Bush Snr in the 90s. It was Cheney behind the fake Niger weapons documents, it was Cheney who , on NBC's "Meet the Press," mentioned the aluminum tubes story and said "increasingly, we believe the United States will become the target" of an Iraqi atomic bomb. All the lies about Iraq lead back to Cheney. Furthermore, today an aide to former Secretary of State Colin Powell has claimed that Dick Cheney fronted "cabal" has hijacked the government's foreign policy apparatus, deciding in secret to carry out policies that have left the US weaker and more isolated in the world. And lest we forget Rove is the one behind the endless fake terror alerts, the fake Bin Laden tapes, the Fake capture of Saddam, the fake documents linking Iraq to 9/11, the fake toppling of the Saddam Statue, the illegal fake news on our TV screens, the list goes on. He is the Propaganda master, rivaled only by Goebbels, will he be brought to book for these crimes? in Short no. So will it really be a victory to see Cheney walk off into the sunset without justice being done? Whilst we await to see what transpires we have to remember that men like Cheney and Rove are the greedy little power-hungry middlemen for the higher echelons. They are puppets that are simply used to get a job done by the Globalist elite who are really in control. These people have been compromised from the very day they took office and their masters know that, it's part of how they are controlled and rewarded. Therefore will it really matter in the long run if they are removed from the operation? They have served their purpose and will simply be replaced. You can remove as many heads of the Hydra as you want, and whilst you celebrate your achievement it will simply regenerate twofold. And whilst the short sited waste time celebrating the removal of men like Rove and Cheney, we will continue to expose the criminalities they have not been brought to book for and we will continue to expose the overall agenda of the corporations and banking institutions that put them into power to begin with. SPONSORED LINKS United state bankruptcy court western district of texas United state life insurance United state patent United state patent search United states patent office United state flag YAHOO! GROUPS LINKS  Visit your group "cia-drugs" on the web.   To unsubscribe from this group, send an email to: cia-drugs-unsubscribe@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx   Your use of Yahoo! Groups is subject to the Yahoo! Terms of Service.


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